Synthetic MRI-aided multi-organ segmentation on male pelvic CT using cycle consistent deep attention network.

CONCLUSION: We proposed a sMRI-aided multi-organ automatic segmentation method on pelvic CT images. By integrating deep attention and deep supervision strategy, the proposed network provides accurate and consistent prostate, bladder and rectum segmentation, and has the potential to facilitate routine prostate-cancer radiotherapy treatment planning. PMID: 31630868 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiother Oncol Source Type: research

Related Links:

Conclusions: Based on daily diagnostic quality CT imaging and voxel-wise dose accumulation, we demonstrated for the first time that daily, but not weekly imaging resulted in only negligible deviations of the applied from the planned doses for prostate intensity-modulated radiotherapy. Therefore, weekly imaging may not be adequately reliable for adaptive treatment delivery techniques for prostate. This work will contribute to devising adaptive re-planning strategies for prostate radiotherapy.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionDifferent medical physicists or dosimetrists, photon energies, treatment planning systems, and treatment machines have an impact on the resulting dose distribution. However, the differences only become apparent when comparing DVH, analysing dose values, comparing CI, HI, GI, as well as reviewing the dose distribution in every single plane. A  new score was introduced to identify treatment plans that simultaneously deliver a low dose to all OAR. Such inter- and intra-institutional comparison studies are needed to explore different treatment planning strategies; however, there is still no automatic soluti...
Source: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The 5 mm margin covered ~75% of fractions receiving PLN irradiation with SBRT, daily CBCT and fiducial-guided setup. The dosimetric impact on PLN coverage was significant in 19% of fractions or 25% of patients. A larger translational shift was due to variation in rectal volume and changes in COM position of the bladder and rectum. A consistent bladder positioning and/or rectum filling compared with presimulation volume were essential for adequate coverage of PLN in a hypofractionated treatment regime. PMID: 31206236 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Prostate Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Appl Clin Med Phys Source Type: research
Conclusions Several model systems are now available to characterize the MSC-tumour interplay in the TME. These offer early promise in establishing robust preclinical platforms for the identification of crucial molecular pathways and for the assessment of clinical efficacy of novel drugs to inhibit cancer development and progression. However, selection of the right model for a given study should be shaped on the purpose, and should also consider fixed biological, biochemical, and biophysical parameters according to the specific tumour type. Finally, in order to get reliable and useful results to be translated to the clinic...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: IGRT in reproducible empty rectum condition allow a high reduction of daily treatment uncertainties.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract External beam radiation therapy for prostate cancer can result in urinary, sexual, and rectal side effects, often impairing quality of life. A polyethylene glycol-based product, SpaceOAR© hydrogel (SOH), implanted into the connective tissue between the prostate gland and rectum can significantly reduce the dose received by the rectum and hence risk of rectal toxicity. The optimal way to manage the hydrogel and rectal structures for plan optimization is therefore of interest. In 13 patients, computerized tomography (CT) scans were taken pre- and post-SpaceOAR© implant. A prescription of 60 G...
Source: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: J Appl Clin Med Phys Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Variations in the bladder and rectal volume can significantly dislocate the prostate and OARs, which can negatively impact the dose delivered to these organs. This warrants proper preparation of patients during treatment and imaging sessions, especially when imaging required longer scan times such as MR protocols. PMID: 30821881 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: J Appl Clin Med Phys Source Type: research
Abstract To evaluate the planning target volume (PTV) margins for prostate cancer patients treated with initial intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) to pelvic lymph nodes and a proton boost to the prostate using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and radiographs as image guidance, We analyzed data from prostate patients (n = 15) treated with initial pelvic IMRT and a proton boost to the prostate. CBCT and 2-dimensional (2D) radiographs were used for IMRT and proton pre-treatment alignments, respectively. Translations from bony-matching, implanted marker seed matching, and seed-bony differences were...
Source: Physics in Medicine and Biology - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Phys Med Biol Source Type: research
Abstract To evaluate the accuracy of commercially available hybrid deformable image registration (DIR) algorithms when using planning CT (pCT) and daily cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in radiation therapy for prostate cancer. The hybrid DIR algorithms in RayStation and MIM Maestro were evaluated. Contours of the prostate, bladder, rectum, and seminal vesicles (SVs) were used as region-of-interest (ROIs) to guide image deformation in the hybrid DIR and to compare the DIR accuracy. To evaluate robustness of the hybrid DIR for prostate cancer patients with organs with volume that vary on a daily basis, such as ...
Source: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: J Appl Clin Med Phys Source Type: research
Abstract Machine learning for image segmentation could provide expedited clinic workflow and better standardization of contour delineation. We evaluated a new model using deep decision forests of image features in order to contour pelvic anatomy on treatment planning CTs. 193 CT scans from one UK and two US institutions for patients undergoing radiotherapy treatment for prostate cancer from 2012-2016 were anonymized. A decision forest autosegmentation model was trained on a random selection of 94 images from Institution 1 and tested on 99 scans from Institution 1, 2, and 3. The accuracy of model contours was measu...
Source: Physics in Medicine and Biology - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Phys Med Biol Source Type: research
More News: Bladder Cancer | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Colorectal Cancer | CT Scan | Prostate Cancer | Radiology