Can AI find brain hemorrhage as well as radiologists?

An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm was able to accurately identify acute...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AI tops recent imaging informatics highlights AI dominates at ECR 2019's technical exhibition AI algorithm detects all intracranial hemorrhage types Deep-learning algorithms need real-world testing AI can prescreen head CT studies for urgent findings
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome (BRBNS), also called Bean's syndrome, is a rare disease associated with multiple venous malformations in the skin and gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Dermatological lesions, which are the first clinically visible manifestations, appear as skin-colored compressible protuberances or as dark-blue venous nodules, rubbery in consistency. Central nervous system (CNS) manifestations are rare, variable, non-specific, and tend to occur late in the disease, mainly reported as seizures and focal neurological deficits secondary to compression. Most cases occur sporadically, however, an autosomal dominant i...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Ischemic stroke damages the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which leads to brain edema and increases the risk of intracranial hemorrhage. Proteasome inhibition has been found to protect the BBB against cerebral ischemia by suppressing neuroinflammation-mediated matrix metalloproteases-9 (MMP-9) activation. We recently showed that ginsenoside Rd (Rd), a major active ingredient of Panax ginseng, could suppress proteasome-mediated inflammation and be efficient for treating ischemic stroke but downstream mechanisms were still unidentified. For this purpose, Sprague–Dawley rats were subjected to focal cerebral ischemic injury....
Source: NeuroReport - Category: Neurology Tags: Cellular, Molecular and Developmental Neuroscience Source Type: research
Mural cells synthesize and deposit laminin to the basement membrane. To investigate the function of mural cell-derived laminin, we generated a mutant mouse line lacking mural cell-derived laminin (termed PKO)....
Source: Journal of Neuroinflammation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to synthesize the latest evidence on the efficacy and safety of tranexamic acid (TXA) on traumatic brain injury (TBI).
Source: BMC Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Conclusions In this single-center cohort study, markers of CVT severity were associated with increased odds of cTn elevation; further investigation is needed to elucidate causality and significance.
Source: Neurology Clinical Practice - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Other cerebrovascular disease/ Stroke, All Clinical Neurology, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke, Cerebral venous thrombosis Research Source Type: research
ConclusionIn MBM patients, complications after GKRS are not significantly increased if IT/TT treatment is performed at the time of or after radiosurgery. Further, a clear benefit in distant control and survival is seen in MBM patients treated with GKRS and checkpoint inhibitors. Thus, concomitant treatment of MBM with GKRS and IT/TT seems to be a safe and powerful treatment option although further prospective studies should be conducted.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Abstract RATIONALE: Large decreases in PaCO2 that occur when initiating extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in patients with respiratory failure may cause cerebral vasoconstriction and compromise brain tissue perfusion. OBJECTIVES: To determine if the magnitude of PaCO2 correction upon ECMO initiation is associated with an increased incidence of neurological complications in patients with respiratory failure. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter international retrospective cohort study using the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization (ELSO) Registry, including adults with respiratory failure on a...
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
AbstractSeveral studies have investigated the efficacy and safety outcomes of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) versus warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF). Herein, this meta-analysis was aimed to compare the effect of NOACs with warfarin in this population. We systematically searched the PubMed database until December 2019 for studies that compared the effect of NOACs with warfarin in patients with AF and HF. Risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were abstracted and then pooled using a random-effects model. A total of nine studies were included in this...
Source: Heart Failure Reviews - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Semin Neurol DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1708869Children can have a variety of intracranial vascular anomalies ranging from small and incidental with no clinical consequences to complex lesions that can cause substantial neurologic deficits, heart failure, or profoundly affect development. In contrast to high-flow lesions with direct arterial-to-venous shunts, low-flow lesions such as cavernous malformations are associated with a lower likelihood of substantial hemorrhage, and a more benign course. Management of vascular anomalies in children has to incorporate an understanding of how treatment strategies may affect the normal dev...
Source: Seminars in Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Neurological involvement in MM encompasses a myriad of variants and while the clinical setting varies from one patient to another, an underlining neoplasia should be evaluated in suspected patients. PMID: 32239096 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology - Category: General Medicine Tags: Rom J Morphol Embryol Source Type: research
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