Doctors could team up with AI to spot dangerous brain bleeds faster

A piece of software capable of spotting a brain haemorrhage on an X-ray performed with similar accuracy to human radiologists
Source: New Scientist - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: research

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Employing multiple artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms to attack a task...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Practical Considerations of AI: Part 6 -- Ready, fire, aim Deep-learning algorithm bolsters lung cancer detection AI needs robust clinical evaluation in healthcare Deep-learning model characterizes PET/CT findings Can AI find brain hemorrhage as well as radiologists?
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
The number and complexity of procedures performed by gastroenterologists are increasing in the United States.1,2 In addition, the number and complexity of antithrombotic agents are growing.3 These concurrent trends may lead to confusion among providers on the  appropriate management of these drugs during endoscopy. The skilled clinician must balance the risks of thrombosis, including myocardial infarction and stroke, against the risks of procedure-related hemorrhage, which can be potentially fatal.
Source: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research
INTRODUCTION: Orbitocranial wooden foreign body (OWF) penetrations are rare but challenging occurrences that may violate the intracranial space resulting in brain damage and hemorrhagic, as well as infectious, complications. Moreover, there is a specific s...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
We examined the effect of RD on early brain injury (EBI) and delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) as a primary endpoint, and also explored the effect on cerebral vasospasm (CVS) as a secondary endpoint. Although RD did not exert significant effects on primary endpoint, RD signi ficantly prevented CVS and reduced SAH-induced increases in the number of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-positive endothelial cells, cyclooxygenase-2 expression, and macrophage infiltration in major cerebral arteries. Moreover, RD significantly decreased the areas display ing dopamine β-hydroxylase and glial fibrillary ac...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo systematically examine the association between low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and risk of hemorrhagic stroke.Recent FindingsA previous meta-analysis of prospective studies published in 2013 showed that higher concentrations of LDL-C were associated with lower risk of hemorrhagic stroke. Recently, seven large cohort studies were published examining LDL-C and risk of hemorrhagic stroke in different populations.SummaryTwelve prospective studies with 476,173 participants and 7587 hemorrhagic stroke cases were included in the current meta-analysis. The results showed that a 10 mg/dL incr...
Source: Current Atherosclerosis Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionSubdural rebleeding is common and occurs in children who have brain atrophy, ventriculomegaly, macrocephaly and deep SDHs at rebleed. It usually occurs in the early months post-injury. All children with rebleeds were neurologically asymptomatic and lacked histories or clinical or radiologic findings of new trauma. Bleeds did not occur outside of chronic SDHs. We estimate the maximum predicted frequency of non-traumatic SDH rebleeding accompanied by acute neurological symptoms in children with a prior abusive SDH is 3.5%.
Source: Pediatric Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The presence of MRI-positive vulnerable carotid plaques including IPH, LRNC, and TRFC is positively associated with symptomatic clinical presentation. Therefore, carotid plaque MRI might be a useful risk stratification tool in determining the risk of ischemic stroke. PMID: 31738030 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: J Neurosurg Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Grounded on our experience and on the review of the literature, we suggest, based on the anatomical localization of the OWF, a classification system for OWFs which is coupled with a tailored treatment strategy for each case. These suggestions are made to provide surgeons with direction on the correct management of such rare but challenging occurrences. PMID: 31738026 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: J Neurosurg Sci Source Type: research
Neuroendoscopic surgery significantly reduces the rate of complications in patients with HICH, when compared with craniotomy, while without improving death outcomes. AbstractBackgroundHypertensive cerebral hemorrhage (HCH) is a potentially life ‐threatening neurological condition with an extremely high morbidity and mortality. In recent years, neuroendoscopy has been used to treat intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). However, the choice of neuroendoscopic surgery versus craniotomy for patients with intracerebral hemorrhages is controversial.AimWe conducted this meta ‐analysis to assess the efficacy of neuroendoscopic surger...
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe meta-analysis shows that the DOACs had greater effectiveness and safety compared to warfarin in real-world practice for stroke prevention, among Asian patients with NVAF.
Source: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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