Endomyocardial fibrosis and apical thrombus in patient with hypereosinophilia

A 76-year-old woman with a history of left semiovale ischaemic lacunar stroke was admitted to hospital for suspected acute coronary syndrome and transient ischaemic attack. The previous year, echocardiography had shown normal results. Neither coronarography nor encephalic computed tomography showed significant lesions. Brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple strokes in different arterial regions, with probable cardioembolic origin (Panel A).
Source: European Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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AbstractThe Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score (ASPECTS) is widely used for the assessment of early ischemic changes (EICs) before thrombolysis. However, for symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) following intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA), the prediction abilities of CT-ASPECTS, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)-ASPECTS, and DWI-ASPECTS including EICs in deep white matter (DWI-ASPECTS  + W) are unclear. We investigated associations between each score and sICH following intravenous rt-PA. Data from consecutive patients who received intravenous rt-PA for acut...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
Conclusion Progressive stroke was the initial symptom of the neurosyphilis. Disease progression is rapid and difficult to control with a single course of penicillin.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusions: Up to date, no data about PCIS and IVT are available from RTCs. Based on limited results from retrospective clinical studies and case series, IVT is safer for use in PCIS than in ACIS. Patients with brainstem ischemia, vertebral artery occlusion, and absence of basilar or posterior cerebral artery occlusion could be considered for treatment with IVT even in borderline cases. Time to IVT in PCIS seems to be a less crucial factor than in ACIS. IVT for PCIS may be beneficial even after 4.5 h from symptom onset. Introduction History of Intravenous Thrombolysis—The Most Relevant Studies Intravenous t...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Shanshan Zhang1, Dongli Yuan2 and Ge Tan1* 1Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China 2The Institute of Medical Information, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China Primary systemic vasculitis can affect every structure in both the central and peripheral nervous system, causing varied neurological manifestations of neurological dysfunction. Early recognition of the underlying causes of the neurological symptoms can facilitate timely treatment and improve the prognosis. This review highlights the clinical manifestations of primary systemic vasc...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Johannes Schurig1,2*, Karl Georg Haeusler1,2,3, Ulrike Grittner4,5, Christian H. Nolte1,2, Jochen B. Fiebach1,2, Heinrich J. Audebert1,2, Matthias Endres1,2,5,6 and Andrea Rocco1,2 1Center for Stroke Research Berlin, Charité–Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany 2Department of Neurology, Charité–Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany 3Department of Neurology, Universitätsklinikum Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 4Insitute of Biometry and Clinical Epidemiology, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany 5Berlin Institute of Heal...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
A new, exploratory analysis of the Efficacy and Safety of MRI-Based Thrombolysis in Wake-up Stroke (WAKE-UP) trial by Barow and colleagues in this issue ofJAMA Neurology provides unique and compelling data suggesting that thrombolysis improves clinical outcomes after acute lacunar infarction. The European Union –commissioned, 500-patient, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled WAKE-UP trial of alteplase captured the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance angiography of patients with acute ischemic stroke prior to thrombolysis. This allowed categorization of infarcts as lacunar vs n onlacunar, u...
Source: JAMA Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Imaging modalities are important part of stroke evaluation. Noncontrast head computed tomography (CT) is the initial imaging modality in acute stroke and although important to rule out acute hemorrhage and making a decision on thrombolytic treatment, ischemic changes may not be visible on CT for up to 24 hours. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain is an invaluable tool to confirm an ischemic stroke and facilitates stroke evaluation. Objective of this study was to investigate the correlation between time to MRI and length of hospital stay.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
In conclusion, the clinical manifestations of hereditary PROC deficiency may vary between individuals. The heterozygous mutation locus c.565C>T on the PROC gene is associated with thrombophilia. Awareness of the association between natural anticoagulants and thrombophilia may promote the prevention and therapy of stroke. PMID: 30210609 [PubMed]
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Conclusions The spectrum of stroke in a developing country was similar to published series from developed countries in terms of final diagnosis, risk factors, and delay to ED presentation, neuroimaging, and long-term neurodeficits. No tropical diseases were identified as risk factors.
Source: Pediatric Emergency Care - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Authors: Eriguchi M, Yakushiji Y, Tanaka J, Nishihara M, Hara H Abstract A hemi-paralyzed 86-year-old man was diagnosed with ischemic stroke and underwent thrombolysis. Pre-thrombolysis brain magnetic resonance imaging revealed extensive strictly lobar cerebral microbleeding (CMB). Post-thrombolytic computed tomography revealed asymptomatic multiple intracerebral hemorrhaging (ICH). His age, CMB topography, and decreased cerebral spinal fluid amyloid-β 40 and 42 levels were compatible with a diagnosis of cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). There is no consensus on the safety of thrombolysis for acute stroke pat...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
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