Understanding the roles of patient symptoms and subjective appraisals in well-being among breast cancer patients

ConclusionsWhile patient symptoms are important predictors of patient well-being, subjective appraisals of the stressfulness of symptoms, and of patients ’ self-efficacy in managing symptoms, are also key factors. The findings suggest the utility of a stress process model in understanding well-being in breast cancer patients, and point to the potential value of targeting patient appraisals as well as symptoms to improve psychological well-being and quality of life.
Source: Supportive Care in Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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egi A Abstract BACKGROUND: Breast cancer survivors can experience psychological distress, such as anxiety and depression, long after treatment has ended, and the development of such negative affective states has been related to the coping strategy used. OBJECTIVES: This pilot study aims to determine whether different coping strategies are associated with differences in psychological distress, cortisol, and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-a) levels in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: 54 breast cancer survivors completed the Stress Coping Questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and pr...
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin J Oncol Nurs Source Type: research
Overall, higher levels of mindfulness were associated with less pain, fatigue, anxiety, depression and sleep disturbance, according to the study published Nov. 8 in the journal Psycho-Oncology.
Source: WebMD Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Previous research showed that family caregiver's perception of burden can influence patient's report on their quality of life (QoL). The present study investigated the relationship between the two variables by considering the role of patient's anxiety and depression. A total of 382 dyads of Chinese breast cancer patients and their family caregivers participated in this study. The results showed that the mediation model fitted the data well (χ2 = 49.859; df = 16; χ2/df = 3.116; RMSEA = 0.05; TLI = 0.928; CFI = 0.959). It indicated that family caregiver's burden influenced patient's QoL negatively, and this relations...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Rossana C. Zepeda Plant-derived compounds have recently attracted greater interest in the field of new therapeutic agent development. These compounds have been widely screened for their pharmacological effects. Polyphenols, such as soy-derived isoflavones, also called phytoestrogens, have been extensively studied due to their ability to inhibit carcinogenesis. These compounds are chemically similar to 17β-estradiol, and mimic the binding of estrogens to its receptors, exerting estrogenic effects in target organs. Genistein is an isoflavone derived from soy-rich products and accounts for about 60% of total isof...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe current results suggest that although identified classes were characterized overall by severity of depression, a few classes also reflected pronounced individual symptom patterns, warranting tailored interventions for these symptom patterns, along with overall severity of depression.
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Patients' qualitative feedback highlighted the potential feasibility and adaptability of the program for this population. The results of this preliminary study show promising avenues for research in the field of cancer patients' adaptive coping enhancement as well as reduce anxiety and depression symptoms. This type of workshop can be considered as complementary to individual psychotherapies as they may tap into different mechanisms that help foster psychological flexibility as the group format enhances decentering processes. Further research avenues are proposed in order to assess the efficacy of such interven...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
by Drew Rosielle (@drosielle)A Series of Observations on Opioids By a Palliative Doc Who Prescribes A Lot of Opioids But Also Has Questions.This is the 5th post in a series about opioids, with a focus on how my thinking about opioids has changed over the years. See also:Part 1 – Introduction, General Disclaimers, Hand-Wringing, and a Hand-Crafted Graph.Part 2 – We Were Wrong 20 years Ago, Our Current Response to the Opioid Crisis is Wrong, But We Should Still Be Helping Most of our Long-Term Patients Reduce Their Opioid DosesPart 3 – Opioids Have Ceiling Effects, High-Doses are Rarely Therapeutic, and Ano...
Source: Pallimed: A Hospice and Palliative Medicine Blog - Category: Palliative Care Tags: cancer opioids pain rosielle The profession Source Type: blogs
AbstractBackgroundSymptom burden and reduced quality of life are considerable hurdles in cancer treatment. The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) assesses physical and psychosocial functional status in clinical and research settings. We use PROMIS scores to establish mean symptom burden within a breast cancer patient population, identifying how subgroups compare to one another, examining potential drivers, and characterizing severe symptom burden between subgroups.MethodsNew cancer patients at the UCSF Breast Care Center (BCC) receive electronic intake questionnaires assessing demographics, h...
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundOncological pts usually experience symptoms that include anxiety, depression and distress. The aim of this preliminary study was to explore the effect of Cognitive-Behavioral-Therapy (CBT) in cancer pts.MethodsAn open trial evaluated the treatment effects of CBT in breast and lung pts referring to a clinical psychology health service specialized in psycho-oncology. Levels of anxiety and depression were assessed using the validated self-report questionnaires Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), while the distress was evaluated with the Distress Thermometer (DT). The statistical analysis includes t...
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Despite the small sample of our study, this study provided evidence that depressive symptoms in patients with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy and monoclonal antibodies treatments detrimentally reduced various aspects of QoL. PMID: 31552110 [PubMed]
Source: Ecancermedicalscience - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Ecancermedicalscience Source Type: research
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