Outdoor cycling improves clinical symptoms, cognition and objectively measured physical activity in patients with schizophrenia: A randomized controlled trial

ConclusionOC significantly improved mental health and executive function in individuals with schizophrenia. Further, OC significantly increased PA measured by the pedometers. These findings suggest that OC offers a safe and attrition-lowering intervention promoting mental health and PA.Trial registrationcris.nih.go.kr identifier: KCT-0000873
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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This study examined mental health perceptions held by Chinese immigrant parents of youth. METHODS: Eighteen parents (13 female, 5 male), who identified as having children between the ages of 13 and 21 years, participated in audio-recorded interviews using five vignettes depicting depression with and without a somatic emphasis, schizophrenia with paranoid features, attenuated psychosis syndrome, and social anxiety in youth. Questions about potential causes, likely diagnosis, and health-seeking behaviors in relation to these vignettes were asked. Interviews were analyzed for themes using a deductive-inductive hybrid appr...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
Conclusion: Major limitations of the reviewed studies were short trial duration, small sample sizes, and the lack of control groups. Defining the potential role of DUL in the treatment of psychiatric disorders other than major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder needs further randomized, placebo-controlled studies.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe public ’s level of mental health literacy related to recognition of specific mental disorders, and knowledge and beliefs about treatments is still relatively low. The government should consider public education campaigns to improve this.
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Abstract Epidemiological studies demonstrate an association between asthma and mental health disorders, although little is known about the shared genetics and causality of this association. Thus, we aim to investigate shared genetic and the causal link between asthma and mental health disorders.We conducted a large-scale genome-wide cross-trait association study to investigate genetic overlap between asthma from UK Biobank and 8 mental health disorders from Psychiatric Genomics Consortium, including: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety disorder (ANX), autism spectrum disorder, bipolar disorder...
Source: Respiratory Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Eur Respir J Source Type: research
The word “schizophrenia” tends to conjure ideas of dramatic imagery: hallucinations, delusions, insane asylums in the general public’s mind. Most people don’t think of the boring parts that consume many with schizophrenia, like lacking the motivation to get out of bed, to make friends… Host Rachel Star Withers, a diagnosed schizophrenic, and co-host Gabe Howard discuss avolition and ways to help motivate loved ones in this episode of Inside Schizophrenia. Family Counselor Ms. Breen joins to share ways to sort through dilemmas. And Rachel does an experiment on her own to address her lack of mo...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Brain and Behavior General Inside Schizophrenia Mental Health and Wellness Motivation and Inspiration Psychology avolition Lack Of Motivation Living With Schizophrenia Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: For most mental disorders, refugees were less likely to be admitted to hospital for suicide attempt or die by suicide compared with Swedish-born individuals. Further research on risk and protective factors for suicide attempt and suicide among refugees with mental disorders is warranted. DECLARATION OF INTEREST: None. PMID: 31608856 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur findings suggest a possible lower prevalence of psychiatric disorders in suicidal behaviour in LMIC. We found very few high-quality studies and high levels of heterogeneity in pooled estimates of psychiatric disorder, which could reflect differing study methods or real differences. There is a clear need for more robust evidence in order for LMIC to strike the right balance between community-based and mental health focussed interventions.
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Reinhard MA, Dewald-Kaufmann J, Wüstenberg T, Musil R, Barton BB, Jobst A, Padberg F Abstract Social exclusion (ostracism) is a major psychosocial factor contributing to the development and persistence of psychiatric disorders and is also related to their social stigma. However, its specific role in different disorders is not evident, and comprehensive social psychology research on ostracism has rather focused on healthy individuals and less on psychiatric patients. Here, we systematically review experimental studies investigating psychological and physiological reactions to ostracism in different res...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
AbstractSocial exclusion (ostracism) is a major psychosocial factor contributing to the development and persistence of psychiatric disorders and is also related to their social stigma. However, its specific role in different disorders is not evident, and comprehensive social psychology research on ostracism has rather focused on healthy individuals and less on psychiatric patients. Here, we systematically review experimental studies investigating psychological and physiological reactions to ostracism in different responses of psychiatric disorders. Moreover, we propose a theoretical model of the interplay between psychiatr...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Each year, the first full week in October has been designated as MENTAL ILLNESS AWARENESS WEEK to raise awareness, educate the public, fight stigma and help support children and adults living with a mental health condition. This year, the dates are October 6th through the 9th.Here are some Statistics19.1% of U.S. adults experienced mental illness in 2018 (47.6 million people). This represents 1 in 5 adults.4.6% of U.S. adults experienced serious mental illness in 2018 (11.4 million people). This represents 1 in 25 adults.16.5% of U.S. youth aged 6-17 experienced a mental health disorder in 2016 (7.7 mil...
Source: Dr. Deborah Serani - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: awareness campaigns mental health Source Type: blogs
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