New morphological and genetic data of Gigantorhynchus echinodiscus (Diesing, 1851) (Acanthocephala: Archiacanthocephala) in the giant anteater Myrmecophaga tridactyla Linnaeus, 1758 (Pilosa: Myrmecophagidae)

In conclusion, the present work adds new morphological and molecular information, emphasizing the importance of adopting integrative taxonomic approaches in studies of Acanthocephala.Graphical abstract
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research

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ConclusionThese results indicate that A. farnesiana pods contain nematocidal compounds and might be promising natural anthelmintic agents against H. contortus. This leguminous plant could be used as a nutraceutical food source for the control of gastrointestinal nematodes in small ruminants.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Chris EdwardsThe Albrecht family of Germany isone of the richest in the world. They earned their wealth from innovations in price-slashing for European grocery shoppers. Their Aldi grocery chain is now spreading across the United States and bringing savings to millions of lower- and middle-income families. I profiled Aldi inthis recent post.Rather than bashing the rich, Bernie Sanders, Elizabeth Warren, and other liberals should be praising wealthy entrepreneurs and corporations, such as Aldi, that are reducing poverty through aggressive market competition.Aldi was the subject of afascinating profile in the UKGuardian. Sno...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2019Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical JournalAuthor(s): María Esperanza Adrover, Marisa Pedernera, Magali Bonne, Bénédicte Lebeau, Verónica Bucalá, Loreana GalloAbstractAlbendazole (ABZ, anti-parasitic active pharmaceutical ingredient) is a crystalline low water-soluble drug, thus the dissolution rate in gastrointestinal fluids is limited. Consequently, the improvement of the water solubility and dissolution rate of ABZ implies a great challenge for a more efficient treatment of hydatidosis. In this context, SBA-15 and SBA-16 ordered mesoporous si...
Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract Glutamine synthetase from L. donovani (LdGS) has been identified as a potential antileishmanial target in our previous report based on biochemical and inhibition studies. With the aim to structurally explore LdGS, systematic in silico and in vitro studies have been employed in the present study to identify amino acids crucial for LdGS mediated catalysis. A comparative analysis with human GS (HsGS) was performed which revealed significant differences in the active site pocket of human and parasite GS enzyme. The important amino acids identified from the in silico analysis of the optimized complexes, were s...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research
In conclusion, all extracts and petroleum ether extracts of the two plants have great potential to be developed as a novel acaricidal for controlling eggs and nymphs ofH. dromedarii, respectively.
Source: Journal of Parasitic Diseases - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 November 2019Source: Parasitology InternationalAuthor(s): Archana Chandran, P.U. Zacharia, N.K. SanilAbstractA new species of myxosporean, Ortholinea scatophagi n. sp. infecting the urinary bladder of the spotted scat, Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus 1766) is described. O. scatophagi n. sp. is characterized by spherical myxospores with a slightly flattened anterior end and equal spore valves with extra sutural ridges on its surface; measured 7.34 ± 0.67 μm in length, 6.90 ± 0.71 μm in width and 6.48 ± 0.37 μm in thickness. Two polar capsules, ...
Source: Parasitology International - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
The evolutionarily early divergent human parasite Trypanosoma brucei proliferates through binary cell fission in both its tsetse fly vector and mammalian host. The parasite divides unidirectionally along the longitudinal cell axis from the anterior cell tip toward the posterior cell tip through a mechanism distinct from that in the cells of its human host. Initiation of cytokinesis in T. brucei is regulated by two evolutionarily conserved protein kinases, the Polo-like kinase TbPLK and the Aurora B kinase TbAUK1, and a cohort of trypanosome-specific proteins, including the three cytokinesis initiation factors CIF1, CIF2, a...
Source: Journal of Biological Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Cell Biology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the circulation of L. infantum among sylvatic hosts in Sicily (southern Italy), a highly endemic area for canine leishmaniosis, through serological and molecular tools. Target tissues (skin, spleen, lymph nodes) collected from 71 European rabbits, 2 European hares, 7 red foxes, 11 European wildcats and 1 pin. marten, were qPCR analysed for the detection of L. infantum DNA. Additionally, 40 rabbits, older than one year, were serologically screened for specific anti-Leishmania antibodies. Leishmania infantum was molecularly diagnosed in 5.4% (n = 5) of the examined animals...
Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the circulation of L. infantum among sylvatic hosts in Sicily (southern Italy), a highly endemic area for canine leishmaniosis, through serological and molecular tools. Target tissues (skin, spleen, lymph nodes) collected from 71 European rabbits, 2 European hares, 7 red foxes, 11 European wildcats and 1 pine marten, were qPCR analysed for the detection of L. infantum DNA. Additionally, 40 rabbits, older than one year, were serologically screened for specific anti-Leishmania antibodies. Leishmania infantum was molecularly diagnosed in 5.4% (n = 5) of the examined animals (3/71 European r...
Source: Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases. - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONTraumatic rupture of a non-parasitic simple hepatic cyst is a very rare complication, but can lead to acute abdomen. In patients who are known to have non-parasitic simple hepatic cyst, rupture of cyst could be included in the differential diagnosis of acute abdomen.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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