Prevalence of anxiety in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator: measurement equivalence of the HADS-A and the STAI-S

ConclusionsSTAI-S and HADS-A reflect a common anxiety attribute, but using the recommended cutoff scores on the respective measures show very different prevalence rates and would classify patients as anxious with the STAI-S who would not be identified as such with the HADS-A. Clinicians and researchers should be aware of the inequivalence when using these measures for screening and determining the prevalence of probable clinical anxiety levels.
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Alan K. Davis, Frederick S. Barrett, Roland R. GriffithsAbstractPrior research has shown that acute subjective psychedelic effects are associated with both spontaneous and intended changes in depression and anxiety. Psychedelics are also theorized to produce increases in psychological flexibility, which could explain decreases in depression and anxiety following a psychedelic experience. Therefore, the present cross-sectional survey study sought to examine whether psychological flexibility mediated the relationship...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Depression is the most common mental health problem in the world. → Support PsyBlog for just $4 per month. Enables access to articles marked (M) and removes ads. → Explore PsyBlog's ebooks, all written by Dr Jeremy Dean: Accept Yourself: How to feel a profound sense of warmth and self-compassion The Anxiety Plan: 42 Strategies For Worry, Phobias, OCD and Panic Spark: 17 Steps That Will Boost Your Motivation For Anything Activate: How To Find Joy Again By Changing What You Do
Source: PsyBlog | Psychology Blog - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Depression subscribers-only Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological PsychiatryAuthor(s): Mijung Yeom, Sora Ahn, Ju-Young Oh, Song-Yi Kim, Hyangsook Lee, Dae-Hyun Hahm, Hi-Joon ParkAbstractClinically, it has been reported that atopic dermatitis (AD) has been linked with negative emotional problems such as depression and anxiety, thereby reducing the quality of life, but little is known about the molecular mechanism that underlies AD-associated emotional impairments. We sought to determine whether AD could induce anxiety- and depressive-like symptoms in mice and to identify pertinen...
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions: Similar to previous studies, our results suggest that patients suffering from CLBP differ with regard to the magnitude of mental burden and the presence of physical impairment. These differences ascertain the need for precise targeting of treatment for CLBP. Inpatient pain centers therefore should offer different multimodal therapy pathways and integrate a meaningful triage, taking into account the multifaceted nature of CLBP based on sophisticated knowledge about forms, differences, and relationships among the biopsychosocial components of CLBP. PMID: 31728134 [PubMed - in process]
Source: GMS German Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Tags: Ger Med Sci Source Type: research
This study examined the relationship between parental uncertainty and parent proxy reports of HRQOL in newly diagnosed children with cancer. METHODS: A longitudinal descriptive approach was used to examine the relationship between parental uncertainty and parent proxy reports of HRQOL in 55 parent-child dyads. Parental trait anxiety, depression, and perceived social support were evaluated as potential predictor variables. FINDINGS: Parents of newly diagnosed children with cancer reported lower parent proxy HRQOL scores. Parental uncertainty was prevalent and affected parents' perceptions of HRQOL three months fol...
Source: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Clin J Oncol Nurs Source Type: research
In conclusion, morphine administration during adolescence induced persistent changes in negative affect and brain toxicity selectively in male rats, suggesting female rats were resilient to these harmful effects. Given the widespread availability and use of opiate-based painkillers, the interplay between addiction, analgesia and emotional behaviors, and since adolescents and young adult humans are the age group with the highest abuse potential, these results add to the current literature by reporting distinct sex-specific opioid actions when administered in adolescence.
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
While recreational marijuana is legal in 11 states as of November 2019, more states gravitating toward legalizing the recreational use of the substance, and 33 states allowing medical marijuana, there’s apparently no stopping this trend. Cannabis, in the form of marijuana, hemp, and cannabidiol (CBD)  is being used for pain relief, to alleviate stress, cope with anxiety, and a number of other mental health disorders and addictions. Yet, there’s a dearth of clinical studies that have been conducted on the overall effects on a user’s health. Clearly, as Crain’s Detroit Business points out, more ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Medications Substance Abuse Cannabis Marijuana Source Type: blogs
egi A Abstract BACKGROUND: Breast cancer survivors can experience psychological distress, such as anxiety and depression, long after treatment has ended, and the development of such negative affective states has been related to the coping strategy used. OBJECTIVES: This pilot study aims to determine whether different coping strategies are associated with differences in psychological distress, cortisol, and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-a) levels in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: 54 breast cancer survivors completed the Stress Coping Questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and pr...
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin J Oncol Nurs Source Type: research
ConclusionPLO has a significant impact on pain, mental state, quality of life, and capacity to work. However, the long-term prognosis is promising. The severe mental distress is presumably related to several contributing factors in life such as physical integrity and independence, family life, employment, and financial security.Key Points• PLO has a strong impact on quality of life and can lead to severe mental distress.• At onset of symptoms, patients with PLO are in very poor mental and physical condition; however, the long-term outcome after inpatient rehabilitation seems to be good.• Most patients do not...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: Epilepsy &Behavior, Volume 102Author(s): Sang-Ahm Lee, Ji Ye Jeon, Hyun-Woo KimAbstractPurposeClinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of perampanel for the treatment of epilepsy. However, patients treated with this and other antiepileptic drugs often exhibit aggressive behaviors. We investigated the clinical factors contributing to aggression in patients with refractory focal epilepsy during 6 months of adjunctive perampanel treatment.MethodsThis was a single-center longitudinal study involving patients treated with perampanel (starting dose, 2 mg/day; maximal dose, 12...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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