FJVIS 18. Correlation Between Multidetector Computed Tomography Angiography and Carotid Plaque Histologic Heterogeneity

The aim of this pilot study was to identify multidetector computed tomography angiography features that may help identify carotid atherosclerotic plaques (CAPs) with severe histologic heterogeneity.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research

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This study investigated the interrelation between plasma D-dimer level, ILT volume, AAA size and progression.Main methodsThis was a retrospective observational study that involved 181 patients with infra-renal AAA. They were divided into small and large AAA groups according to AAA diameter. 24 of them had repeated abdominal computed tomography angiography (CTA) scan and were divided into slow-growing and fast-growing AAA groups according to the median value of AAA growth rate. Baseline and follow-up plasma D-dimer level, maximum diameter of AAA, total infra-renal aortic volume and ILT volume were analyzed.Key findingsPlasm...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate whether using CTA to assess myocardial supply area can improve the prediction of myocardial ischemia.We analyzed 201 vessels with moderate (luminal narrowing ≥ 50%,
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Heart J Source Type: research
Conclusion: A1 aneurysms are frequently associated with vascular anomalies and generally rupture when small. A1 aneurysms with a superior and anterior direction are relatively easy to clip whereas those directed postero-inferiorly are difficult. Close association with critical perforators also compounds the situation. Due to the rarity of A1 aneurysms, large series are few in literature.
Source: Neurology India - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewPerivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) has a complex, bidirectional relationship with the vascular wall. In disease states, PVAT secretes pro-inflammatory adipocytokines which may contribute to atherosclerosis. Recent evidence demonstrates that pericoronary adipose tissue (PCAT) may also function as a sensor of coronary inflammation. This review details PVAT biology and its clinical translation to current imaging phenotyping.Recent FindingsPCAT attenuation derived from routine coronary computed tomography (CT) angiography is a novel noninvasive imaging biomarker of coronary inflammation. Pro-inflammato...
Source: Current Atherosclerosis Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionIn preparing for the mandate, it will be important for future CDSM to obtain information on the patient ’s ability to exercise and for future AUC to include additional indications that are not currently addressed.
Source: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
This study clearly goes against what has been the common wisdom for the last 30, 40 years” and may lead to less testing and invasive treatment for such patients in the future, said Dr. Glenn Levine, a Baylor College of Medicine cardiologist with no role in the research. Some doctors still may quibble with the study, but it was very well done “and I think the results are extremely believable,” he said. About 17 million Americans have clogged arteries that crimp the heart’s blood supply, which can cause periodic chest pain. Cheap and generic aspirin, cholesterol-lowering drugs and blood pressure medic...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized onetime Research Source Type: news
Authors: Infante T, Viscovo LD, Rimini ML, Padula S, Caso P, Napoli C Abstract Early identification of coronary atherosclerotic pathogenic mechanisms is useful for predicting the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and future cardiac events. Epigenome changes may clarify a significant fraction of this "missing hereditability", thus offering novel potential biomarkers for prevention and care of CHD. The rapidly growing disciplines of systems biology and network science are now poised to meet the fields of precision medicine and personalized therapy. Network medicine integrates standard clinical recording ...
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) greatly improves the diagnosis of superior mesenteric vein (SMV) thrombosis (1), which presents as the unspecific symptom of abdominal pain. Prothrombotic states or thrombophilia and local intra-abdominal infections are major causes of SMV thrombosis (2). A 37-year-old Chinese woman was diagnosed with SMV and portal vein thrombosis. The patient was initially given 40 mg of heparin sodium every 12 h and 800,000 U/day of urokinase using SMA angiography. The abdominal pain was not relieved after treatment.
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Study Design. Retrospective cohort study. Objective. Compare a novel two-step algorithm for indicating a computed tomography angiography (CTA) in the setting of a cervical spine fracture with established gold standard criteria. Summary of Background Data. As CTA permits the rapid detection of blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVI), screening criteria for its use have broadened. However, more recent work warns of the potential for the overdiagnosis of BCVI, which must be considered with the adoption of broad criteria. Methods. A novel two-step metric for indicating CTA screening was compared with the American Coll...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: DIAGNOSTICS Source Type: research
Despite the widespread use of computed tomography pulmonary angiography with contrast media for the diagnosis of acute pulmonary embolism, high-quality evidence on risk factors for postcontrast acute kidney injury related to its use is lacking.
Source: The Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Selected Topics: Emergency Radiology Source Type: research
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