Influence of the cotton and silastic seton on the distance of the anal sphincter cables after fistulotomy in rats
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2019Source: Journal of ColoproctologyAuthor(s): Ana Laura Sanches Lima, Beatriz Schorro Gianini, Bruna Miranda Santana, Carlos Henrique Marques dos Santos, Doroty Mesquita Dourado, Juliano Seger Falcão, Lucas Bannwart, Sara Jéssica Falcão CâmaraAbstractRationaleFistulotomy is a procedure widely used in the treatment of anal fistulas but is associated with varying degrees of fecal incontinence that could be minimized by previous use of sedentum, and the material used may influence the outcome.PurpouseTo compare cotton and silastic used as setons in the spacing of the sphincter cables of rats subjected to fistulotomy.MethodThirty Wistar rats were used, which after 30 days of fistula production were distributed in: Control Group (GC): the steel wire was removed, followed by fistulotomy; Cotton Group (GA) and Silastic Group (GS), in which were applied cotton and silastic setons respectively for 30 days when fistulotomy was performed; after seven days, euthanasia and removal of the specimens were performed for histological study, and the results were submitted to statistical assessment using Kruskal–Wallis non-parametric test, establishing a significance level of p
CONCLUSION: Men with rectal prolapse were younger, healthier, and had relatively better anorectal function than women. The Delorme-Thiersch operation in men promoted lower recurrence rates and was advantageous in preserving the fertility of young patients, but the incidence of complications was also higher in men. Adequate counseling and preparation for the possibility of complications are needed. PMID: 31726002 [PubMed]
CONCLUSION: Many surgical techniques have been described for the treatment of anal fistula. The correct choice of surgical technique out of available procedures is the most important factor for proper treatment and reducing the risk of recurrence or incontinence. In the authors' experience, the LIFT technique is simple and easy to learn, and is a good choice for the treatment of simple anal fistula; however, a tailored surgery remains the gold standard for this condition. PMID: 31725998 [PubMed]
ConclusionsMirabegron efficacy, safety, and tolerability over 12 wk were confirmed in patients aged ≥65 yr with OAB and incontinence.Patient summaryWe examined the effect of mirabegron compared with placebo in people aged 65 yr or older with overactive bladder and incontinence. Mirabegron improved the symptoms of overactive bladder compared with placebo. Side effects were similar to those already known for mirabegron.
Conclusion: Morse wavelets could be used to extract differences between pre- and post-initial contact activation behavior of PFMs during different running speeds as well as spectral changes toward high or low frequencies. This information sheds light on specific differences in involuntary reflexive activation patterns while running. Muscular preparation and adaptation a few milliseconds before initial contact could be helpful.
What Does Cochrane Say about … the Rehabilitation of Adult Incontinence? Physiother Can. 2019;71(3):299 Authors: PMID: 31719725 [PubMed]
Conclusions: The results from this pilot study suggest that high-functioning older women with UUI or MUI have balance and mobility impairments. More studies are needed to confirm these results. By reporting power calculations for sample size, this pilot study provides a useful basis on which to design and conduct larger studies. PMID: 31719721 [PubMed]
Conclusions: The self-reported benefits of physiotherapy for SUI symptoms did not differ significantly between the two types of prostatectomy surgery at 2 years post-surgery. PMID: 31719716 [PubMed]
The objective of this study was to determine if the genotype of equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) impacted clinical disease and outcome of horses with laboratory confirmed equine herpesvirus myeloencephalopathy (EHM). Medical records from 65 horses diagnosed with EHM from 2011 to 2019 were reviewed for signalment, presence and severity of clinical signs (lethargy, fever, ataxia, urinary incontinence) and outcome. Horses were further grouped based on the EHV-1 genotype into neuropathic (D752) or non-neuropathic (N752) EHV-1 infection. Between the two EHV-1 genotype groups, age and sex distributions were similar, although breed d...
We present one of the largest single-center studies, which was designed to prove efficacy of our low-pressure setting of gravitational valve at all three symptoms of iNPH and to find statistically significant cut-off time for best clinical improvement according to the duration of symptoms.MethodsSixty-one consecutive patients (mean age 74.9 ± 5.3) with iNPH were prospectively observed from the time of surgery with minimal 6 months follow-up. All patients underwent implantation of the same type of gravitational valve with the same setting—pro GAV with low opening pressure at 5 cm H2O —and were operated by...
Conditions: Urinary Disorders; Urinary Incontinence; Urinary Bladder Diseases Intervention: Device: DETTECH recording Sponsor: BioSerenity Not yet recruiting