An eight-year retrospective study of hydatid disease (Echinococcus granulosus sensu stricto) in beef cattle slaughtered at an Australian abattoir

Publication date: Available online 19 October 2019Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Cara S. Wilson, David J. Jenkins, Victoria J. Brookes, Tamsin S. BarnesAbstractA retrospective study was conducted on 1,178,329 cattle slaughtered at an eastern Australian abattoir between 2010 and 2018. The data were searched for records in which a diagnosis of hydatid disease was made by routine meat inspection and apparent prevalence was calculated. True prevalence of hydatid disease in any organ was then estimated using previously reported sensitivity and specificity for diagnosis of hepatic hydatid disease by routine meat inspection. Mixed effects logistic regression was conducted to assess putative associations between dentition (age), sex, and feed-type (grass- or grain-fed), and hydatid disease reported at slaughter, with origin (Property Identification Code [PIC] region) included as a random effect. Regression was also conducted on subsets stratified by dentition and feed-type to account for measurement bias resulting from differences in sensitivity and specificity between groups of cattle. Discrete-Poisson models (SaTScan, v.9.5) were used to detect spatio-temporal clustering of hydatid-positive cattle within PIC regions.The apparent prevalence of hydatid disease reported in any organ was 8.8% (n = 104,038; 95% confidence interval [CI] 8.8–8.9%). The liver, lungs, heart, spleen, and kidneys were reported infected with hydatid cysts. Of cattle report...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

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Authors: Zait H, Hamrioui B Abstract INTRODUCTION: Human cystic echinococcosis (CE) diagnosis is based on imaging findings and serology. Serology is the first-line test followed by imaging tests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 268 serum samples from CE patients were included in this study. The serodiagnosis was made simultaneously by indirect hemagglutination assay (IHA), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), immunoblotting test (IB), and immunoelectrophoresis (IEP). RESULTS: In serum samples belonging to surgically confirmed CE patients, we observed a percentage of positivity of 83.7% [77.2%-89.0%]...
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research
We reported a case of hilar bile duct alveolar echinococcosis which was originally misdiagnosed an cholangiocarcinoma. PMID: 31715693 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Korean Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Korean J Parasitol Source Type: research
Authors: Wang W, Zhou X, Cui F, Shi C, Wang Y, Men Y, Zhao W, Zhao J Abstract Cystic echinococcosis (CE), a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus at the larval stage, predominantly develops in the liver and lungs of intermediate hosts and eventually results in organ malfunction or even death. The interaction between E. granulosus and human body is incompletely understood. Exosomes are nanosized particles ubiquitously present in human body fluids. Exosomes carry biomolecules that facilitate communication between cells. To the best of our knowledge, the role of exosomes in patients with CE is not reporte...
Source: Korean Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Korean J Parasitol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2019Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical JournalAuthor(s): María Esperanza Adrover, Marisa Pedernera, Magali Bonne, Bénédicte Lebeau, Verónica Bucalá, Loreana GalloAbstractAlbendazole (ABZ, anti-parasitic active pharmaceutical ingredient) is a crystalline low water-soluble drug, thus the dissolution rate in gastrointestinal fluids is limited. Consequently, the improvement of the water solubility and dissolution rate of ABZ implies a great challenge for a more efficient treatment of hydatidosis. In this context, SBA-15 and SBA-16 ordered mesoporous si...
Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
PMID: 31725454 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
PMID: 31725452 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
In conclusion, the domestic rabbits could be used as a laboratory model for CE. Developing of the germinal layer antigen is more immunogenic than the protoscoleces one and could be used as a promising vaccine. Attention should be directed towards the existing rabbit in the environment adjacent to infected dogs as it could be a part of Echinococcus life cycle. PMID: 31726054 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Exp Parasitol Source Type: research
AbstractCystic echinococcosis is a potential zoonotic helminthic disease affect a broad spectrum of mammals including humans worldwide. The economic impact of the disease interestingly requires updated gathering information on the prevalence in slaughtered animals. Accordingly, in the current study, 573 camels, 4300 sheep, and 1235 pigs were surveyed in four Egyptian municipal abattoirs. Among those, 62 (10.82%) camels, 33 (0.77%) sheep and 3 (0.24%) pigs had cystic echinococcosis in lungs, livers and spleen. The diversity of cysts revealed that positive-cystic echinococcosis animals from all species were detected in El-Ba...
Source: Journal of Parasitic Diseases - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Even though considerable progress has been made, uncertainties remain in the diagnosis and treatment ofEchinococcosis. Hence, standardized diagnostic and treatment procedures should be established with well-designed studies.Keywords:Echinococcosis, hydatid cyst, diagnosis, treatment.
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research
ConclusionTotal humerus hydatidosis is infrequent, and there is scarce information about its treatment. The local resection plus graft and osteosynthesis conserving the bone has shown complications and recurrences. For healing, a radical procedure is necessary. Although functional results may be limited.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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