Treatment mechanism of sludge containing highly viscous heavy oil using biosurfactant

Publication date: Available online 19 October 2019Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering AspectsAuthor(s): Hongyang Ren, Sanyu Zhou, Bing Wang, Lei Peng, Xiaoge LiAbstractThe mechanism and influencing factors of sludge de-oiling process collected from the Tahe oil field, a thickened oil field in China, were investigated using biosurfactant. The oily sludge was collected from ground sludge near the oil-well blowout and pipeline perforation, and the storage time about 3∼5 years, resulting in high content of heavy components in the sludge. The viscosity of the recovered oil at 50℃ was approximately 2.5 × 10∧4 mPa·s. The contents of saturated fraction, aromatic fraction, colloid, and asphaltene of the oil in the oily sludge were 24.37%, 29.35%, 15.55% and 30.37%, respectively. When the solid–liquid ratio was 1:2.5, the stirring strength was 350 r/min, the cleaning agent concentration was 15 g/L, the cleaning time was 100 min, and the temperature was 65 °C, the oil content of the cleaned sludge was less than 0.5 wt%. The surface of the solid particles of sludge was rough and exhibited a porous structure, which were beneficial to the adsorption of crude oil and other pollutants. Interface analysis showed that the interfacial tension decreased from 25 mN/m to 5 mN/m, whereas the contact angle increased from 7.88° to 36.02°. Biosurfatcant could markedly lo...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

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