The Most Exciting Health Stories Of 2014

While 2014 will forever be known as the year of the world's biggest Ebola outbreak -- and the first cases of Ebola contracted in the United States -- the virus is just one of several impactful changes in our medical and personal health landscape. From cancer research breakthroughs to innovative food policies to strides in the search for an HIV vaccine, we're quite a bit further in our understanding of medicine than we were last year. Thanks to research in 2014... Your Fitness Tracker Data Could Lead To The Next Big Medical Discovery Your FitBit, Jawbone and other personal tracking devices and apps are logging every step you take, every bite you eat and every hour you sleep. All of that data is a potential treasure trove for health researchers, which is why University of California, San Francisco and the American Heart Association are inviting people from all over the world to plug their apps and devices into the Health eHeart platform. The hope is that people who track their health data can provide scientists with powerful, real-world and real-time insights that they can then use to make observations and associations between things like exercise, diet and heart disease. Dr. Elliott Antman, professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and president of the American Heart Association, called the big data push unprecedented and said it could pave the way for how big clinical research projects are conducted in the future. "This dwarfs even the largest studies t...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news

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CONCLUSION: High-grade ACJ instability is a complex and significant injury of the shoulder girdle that can cause persistent pain and functional impairment. The state of the evidence regarding its optimal treatment is weak. Large-scale, prospective, randomized comparative studies are needed in order to define a clear standard of treatment. PMID: 30892184 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The reported results of treatments for plantar fasciitis and metatarsalgia are heterogeneous. The efficacy of the individual measures should be studied in randomized controlled trials. PMID: 30892183 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research
Some authors have hypothesised that life expectancy at birth could reach 100 years in developed countries in the next decades. Using recent data for French women, it is shown that life expectancy changes from 1993 to 2016 are mainly linked to mortality rates of oldest women. In recent years, it happened that life expectancy of French women oscillated, because of for instance influenza epidemics killing mainly oldest frail people. It is hypothesised that in coming years, life expectancy of French women (and one day of men?) will only very slightly increase and will show oscillations because of increased mortality the years ...
Source: Gerontology - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Arcangelo Barbonetti, Alessio Martorella, Elisa Minaldi, Settimio D'Andrea, Dorian Bardhi, Chiara Castellini, Felice Francavilla, Sandro Francavilla
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: Fallah J, Olszewski AJ Abstract OBJECTIVES: To examine the use of splenectomy, chemotherapy, and subsequent overall survival (OS) in contemporary patients with splenic lymphomas. METHODS: We analyzed records of 6450 patients with various splenic lymphomas recorded in the National Cancer Data Base (2004-2013). Survival was compared using Mantel-Byer test to account for guarantee-time bias, stratified by age, sex, comorbidities, and lymphoma stage. RESULTS: Splenectomy rate was overall 58%, and varied from 49% in splenic marginal zone (SMZL) to 77% in follicular lymphoma (FL). It significantly decrea...
Source: Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Source Type: research
We describe the case of a 50-year old woman presenting to the emergency department with right lower abdominal pain. CT-scan showed an obstruction without clear underlying cause. The hypothesis of obstruction due to intestinal adhesions without strangulation was assumed and non-operative management lead to recovery and dismissal of the patient. However, she presented 3 weeks later with identical complaints, this time showing a terminal ileitis on CT-scan. Surprisingly, a toothpick perforating the terminal ileum was found during endoscopy and could by removed. A clinician should think of foreign body ingestion when patients ...
Source: Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Acta Gastroenterol Belg Source Type: research
Authors: Komen N, Dewint P, Van den Broeck S, Pauli S, de Schepper H Abstract The field of rectal cancer treatment is a dynamic and changing field, due to better understanding of the pathology and new medical treatment options, but perhaps mostly due to innovations in the surgical approach. Surgery is the cornerstone for rectal cancer treatment. Currently, Total Mesorectal Excision is the gold standard. After evolution towards laparoscopic TME, improving technology has led to the development of platforms that allow transanal TME and robotic TME. In addition, local excision can be performed safer and more accurately...
Source: Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Acta Gastroenterol Belg Source Type: research
This study evaluates hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination response in children with celiac disease (CD). Response in initial non-responders after a single booster vaccination as well as factors influencing HBV vaccination response were evaluated. METHODOLOGY: Anti-hepatitis B surface antibodies (a-HBsAB) were checked in all children with CD and a documented complete HBV vaccination. An a-HBsAB
Source: Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Acta Gastroenterol Belg Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: For some patients with gastrointestinal symptoms and peripheral eosinophilia, a high suspicion of EG is necessary and multiple endoscopic examinations might be helpful in diagnosis of EG. Most patients with EG could achieve remission after with the treatment of steroid or dietary elimination therapy. PMID: 30888747 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Acta Gastroenterol Belg Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Coblation adenoidectomy has significant advantages over conventional adenoidectomy in terms of reduced blood loss, no post-operative residual tissue and lower pain grade on day 1 after surgery. PMID: 30885281 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Laryngology and Otology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: J Laryngol Otol Source Type: research
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