A novel MuSK cell-based myasthenia gravis diagnostic assay

To improve the clinical diagnosis of neural autoimmune diseases, we developed an in-house muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) antibody cell-based assay (CBA) and compared its performance with RIA, ELISA, and other CBAs. Sera from patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) and other autoimmune diseases were analyzed. We found 46 (18.3%) MuSK-CBA Ab positive cases among 251 AChR-Ab negative cases [patients] and 4 (0.6%) MuSK-CBA Ab positive cases [among] the 624 AChR-Ab positive samples. Comparing these with available clinic assays, our highly specific CBA method is more sensitive than commercial ELISA and IFA(indirect immunofluorescence assay).
Source: Journal of Neuroimmunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research

Related Links:

Extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa ‐associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) in the thymus is a rare disease. Furthermore, amyloid deposition in thymic MALT lymphoma has not been previously described. Here, we report a case of a 35‐year‐old man with thymic MALT lymphoma with amyloid deposition and myasthenia gravis. Chest computed tom ography revealed an anterior mediastinal mass with internal cystic component and extensive calcification. Total thymectomy was performed and histopathologic findings were compatible with a diffuse amyloid deposition in extranodal marginal zone MALT lymphoma. The results indicate that ...
Source: Thoracic Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: CASE REPORT Source Type: research
This study analyzed the change in trends of total medica...
Source: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang Y, Yang J, Chen Y, Lv J, Zhang J, Zhang Y, Zhao X, Fang H, Liu C, Zhang Q, Cui X, Wang X, Gao F Abstract Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease. A proportion of MG patients did not get satisfactory results after treatment with pyridostigmine and prednisone. Jia Wei Bu Zhong Yi Qi (Jia Wei BZYQ) decoction, a water extract from multiple herbs, has been demonstrated to be effective in the treatment of multiple "Qi deficiency type" diseases including MG in China. In this text, we investigated protein alterations in the plasma from healthy volunteers (C), MG patients without any treatme...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disease in which immunoglobulin G (IgG) autoantibodies are formed against the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) or other components of the neuromuscular junction. Though effective treatments are currently available, many commonly used therapies have important limitations and alternative therapeutic options are needed for patients. A novel treatment approach currently in clinical trials for myasthenia gravis targets the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn). This receptor plays a central role in prolonging the half–life of IgG molecules. The primary function of FcRn is salvage of IgG and...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
ConclusionsMost patients have autoimmune or limbic encephalitis and corresponding abnormalities on neuroimaging. Other presentations include peripheral nerve hyperexcitability or Morvan syndromes, cerebellar syndromes, behavioral and cognitive changes, and more rarely movement disorders. The most commonly associated malignancy was thymoma and suggests a role for thymoma screening in CASPR2-related diseases.
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractReceptor autoimmunity is one of the ways in which autoimmune diseases appear in humans. Graves ’ disease, myasthenia gravis, idiopathic membranous nephropathy, and autoimmune acute encephalitis are the major autoimmune diseases belonging to this particular group. Receptor autoimmune disease are dependent on the presence of autoantibodies directed against cell-surface antigens, namely TSH re ceptor in thyrocytes, acetylcholine receptor in neuromuscular junction, phospholipase 2 receptor in podocytes, and NMDA receptor in cortical neurons. In this article we outline the distinctive features of receptor autoimmu...
Source: Autoimmunity Highlights - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
ConclusionFrom these results it is evident that many metabolites are common to humoral disease and exhibit significant immunometabolomic properties. This observation may lead to an enhanced understanding of the metabolic underpinnings common to antibody-mediated autoimmune disease. Further, contextualizing these findings within a larger clinical and systems biology context could provide new insights into the pathogenesis and management of these diseases.
Source: Metabolomics - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Recent studies have demonstrated that natural killer (NK) cells can modulate other immune components and are involved in the development or progression of several autoimmune diseases. However, the roles and me...
Source: Journal of Neuroinflammation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
ConclusionsBased on a large, unselected patient cohort we find that epilepsy patients more often are prescribed medications used to treat type 1 diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, myasthenia gravis and MS. This was true for both men and women, and in most age-groups.
Source: Seizure - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our findings confirms that the administration of vital bifidobacteria at EAMG onset has beneficial effects on disease progression; this study further supports preclinical research in human MG to evaluate probiotic efficacy as supplementary therapy in MG.
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
More News: Allergy & Immunology | Autoimmune Disease | Brain | Myasthenia Gravis | Neurology