A novel MuSK cell-based myasthenia gravis diagnostic assay
To improve the clinical diagnosis of neural autoimmune diseases, we developed an in-house muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) antibody cell-based assay (CBA) and compared its performance with RIA, ELISA, and other CBAs. Sera from patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) and other autoimmune diseases were analyzed. We found 46 (18.3%) MuSK-CBA Ab positive cases among 251 AChR-Ab negative cases [patients] and 4 (0.6%) MuSK-CBA Ab positive cases [among] the 624 AChR-Ab positive samples. Comparing these with available clinic assays, our highly specific CBA method is more sensitive than commercial ELISA and IFA(indirect immunofluorescence assay).
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a rare autoimmune disease mainly mediated by autoantibodies against the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) at the neuromuscular junction. The thymus is the effector organ, and its removal ...
Conclusions: Our findings suggest a role of the thymus in the maintenance of humoral thyroid autoimmunity.Eur Thyroid J
ConclusionsLack of availability of sound scientific knowledge inevitably lead unreliable news to spread over the population, preventing people to disentangle them form reliable information. Even if additional studies are needed to replicate and strengthen our results, these findings represent initial evidence to derive recommendations based on actual data for subjects with autoimmune diseases.
Conclusion: Patients with MuSK-MG in Northeast China have a modestly later onset age and a proportion of patients may have a mild form of the disease with delayed disease progression. We confirmed the existence of a rare ocular MuSK-MG phenotype, a high proportion of coexisting with other autoimmune diseases, and a good response to steroids combined with tacrolimus for our MuSK-MG series.
Myasthenia Gravis (MG), an autoimmune neurological disease, is more frequently found amongst adults than amongst children. Our research provides data on the clinical symptoms, forms of MG, effective treatment, the presence of thymoma and the effect of thymectomy in children with MG in Israel. The database of a tertiary pediatric medical center was retrospectively reviewed for patients under 18 years of age diagnosed between the years 2000-2020 with either ocular or systemic acquired myasthenia gravis.
AbstractMyasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease characterised by the presence of acetylcholine receptor antibodies and by blocking the transmission of the signal in the neuromuscular junction causing muscle weakness. It can be associated with several autoimmune diseases and certain drugs, between them Etanercept an anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) agent. A 42-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) refractory to methotrexate, was treated with adalimumab (ADA), a human monoclonal antibody against the TNF, in a dosage scheme of 40 mg every 14 days subcutaneously. The patient responded well to ADA th...
Myasthenia gravis (MG), an autoimmune neuromuscular disorder, may be a risk factor for severe COVID-19. We conducted an observational retrospective study with 15 consecutive adult MG patients admitted with COVID-19 at four hospitals in São Paulo, Brazil. Most patients with MG hospitalized for COVID-19 had severe courses of the disease: 87% were admitted in the intensive care unit, 73% needed mechanical ventilation, and 30% died. Immunoglobulin use and the plasma exchange procedure were safe. Immunosuppressive therapy seems to be associated with better outcomes, as it might play a protective role.
AbstractMyasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune, neuromuscular disorder that produces disabling weakness through a compromise of neuromuscular transmission. The disease fulfills strict criteria of an antibody-mediated disease. Close to 90% of patients have antibodies directed towards the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) on the post-synaptic surface of skeletal muscle and another 5% to the muscle-specific kinase, which is involved in concentrating the AChR to the muscle surface of the neuromuscular junction. Conventional treatments of intravenous immunoglobulin and plasma exchange reduce autoantibody levels to produc...
In conclusion, different subtypes of MG harbored differential gut microbiota, which generated discriminative fecal metabolism.
Conclusion: The coexistence of SS with MG is quite rare. The onset of MG may occur before or after the diagnosis of SS. Co-morbidity with MG does not seem to adversely affect the course of SS. Thus, controlling the progress of MG is the critical aspect of treatment.