The effect of self-efficacy expectations in the adherence to a gluten free diet in celiac disease
Conclusions: The limited evidence calls for high-quality prospective cohort studies to be arranged to clarify the exact role of follow-up histology in celiac disease.
AbstractCeliac disease is caused by an abnormal intestinal T cell response to cereal gluten proteins. The disease has a strong human leukocyte antigen (HLA) association, and CD4+ T cells recognizing gluten epitopes presented by disease-associated HLA-DQ allotypes are considered to be drivers of the disease. This paper provides an update of the currently known HLA-DQ restricted gluten T cell epitopes with their names and sequences.
CONCLUSIONS: the prevalence of CeD in our patients with IBD was higher than that reported in the literature for other series of patients with IBD. A combination of anti-tTG testing and CeD genetics may screen patients for CeD in this population of patients with IBD. PMID: 31718200 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
There is an unmet need for novel treatments, such as drugs or vaccines, adjunctive to or replacing a burdensome life-long gluten-free diet for coeliac disease. The gold standard for successful treatment is a h...
Mucosal Immunology, Published online: 14 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41385-019-0222-9Single-cell TCR sequencing of gut intraepithelial γδ T cells reveals a vast and diverse repertoire in celiac disease
Conclusions The long-term risks of autoimmune disorders are significantly higher in patients with allergic diseases. Allergic diseases and autoimmune disorders show age- and sex-related clustering patterns.
We describe a case of a 76-year-old Caucasian male who presented to the Emergency Department (ED) with weight loss, abdominal pain, and multiple episodes of vomiting and diarrhea. He underwent a laparotomy with an intraluminal mass seen in the cecum. Histology showed atypical intermediate- to large-sized cells involving the full thickness of the bowel wall with numerous mitotic figures and apoptotic bodies. The adjacent uninvolved mucosa demonstrated villous blunting, increased intraepithelial lymphocytes, crypt elongation, and lamina propria plasmacytosis, consistent with the celiac enteropathy. Rare large transformed cel...
Condition: Celiac Disease Interventions: Drug: Probiotic Vivomixx; Behavioral: Gluten free diet; Other: Placebo Sponsor: University of Milan Recruiting
CONCLUSION: The growing number of publications using mass spectrometry as a tool to investigate normal physiological conditions or reveal potential biomarkers of primary and secondary carnitine deficiencies shows that this tool brought a new perspective to carnitine research. PMID: 31729298 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
AbstractPurpose of ReviewFunctional dyspepsia is a common condition, and the condition is defined by symptoms using Rome IV criteria. This review addresses the issue of functional dyspepsia in elderly patients, epidemiology, investigation, and treatment.Recent FindingsRecent studies show that while the prevalence of dyspepsia declines in the elderly, it is still prevalant investigations to confirm the diagnosis (including mandatory upper gastrointestinal endoscopy) must exclude organic disease. These include ulcers (particularly associated with nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs),Helicobacter pylori pathologies, cancer, c...