Diabetes: a metabolic and reproductive disorder in women

Publication date: Available online 18 October 2019Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Eleanor P Thong, Ethel Codner, Joop S E Laven, Helena TeedeSummaryReproductive dysfunction is a common but little studied complication of diabetes. The spectrum of reproductive health problems in diabetes is broad, and encompasses delayed puberty and menarche, menstrual cycle abnormalities, subfertility, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and potentially early menopause. Depending on the age at diagnosis of diabetes, reproductive problems can manifest early on in puberty, emerge later when fertility is desired, or occur during the climacteric period. Historically, women with type 1 diabetes have frequently had amenorrhoea and infertility, due to central hypogonadism. With the intensification of insulin therapy and improved metabolic control, these problems have declined, but do persist. Additional reproductive implications of contemporary diabetes management are now emerging, including polycystic ovary syndrome and hyperandrogenism, which are underpinned by insulin action on the ovary. The sharp rise in type 2 diabetes incidence in youth suggests that more women of reproductive age will encounter diabetes-related reproductive problems in their lifetimes. With an ever increasing number of young women living with diabetes, clinicians need to be aware of and equipped for the challenges of navigating reproductive health concerns across the lifespan.
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Ryoiti KiyamaAbstractBackgroundGreen tea is produced from the tea plant Camellia sinensis without fermentation, and contains characteristic constituents, which are associated with health-promoting effects such as physiological, immunological, neurological and psychological effects, and protective effects against diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. Catechins, such as catechin, epicatechin, epigallocatechin, epicatechin-3-O-gallate and epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate, and other green tea consti...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Abstract The Editor-in-Chief has retracted this article [1] because an investigation by Keio University has concluded that there are inaccuracies in the data reported. PMID: 31730223 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Aging Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
Authors: Kuck KH, Phan HL, Tilz RR Abstract The new guidelines for the management of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) were published by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) in September 2019. The key message of the guidelines is that catheter ablation should be offered as a first line treatment to most patients during a comprehensive discussion of the risks and advantages. This recommendation recognizes that catheter ablation has nowadays become a widely established, effective and safe treatment method with a very low complication rate, which has revolutionized the treatment of SVT due to the substa...
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2019Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, Volume 26, Issue 7Author(s): Atef M. Al-Attar, Fawziah A. AlsalmiAbstractMedicinal plants have always been an important source of new alternative effective compounds for human therapy. Currently, there are many of scientific evidences indicate that the medicinal plants contain a lot of hypoglycemic chemical compounds. The purpose of the present study was to determine the influence of olive leaves extract on hepatorenal injury in diabetic male rats. Experimental diabetes was induced by streptozotocin (STZ). The levels of serum glucose, alanine amin...
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: PeptidesAuthor(s): Dipak Sarnobat, R. Charlotte Moffett, Victor A. Gault, Neil Tanday, Frank Reimann, Fiona M. Gribble, Peter R. Flatt, Nigel IrwinAbstractEnzyme-resistant long-acting forms of the gut-derived peptide hormones, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), xenin and oxyntomodulin (Oxm) have been generated, and exert beneficial effects on diabetes control and pancreatic islet architecture. The current study has employed alpha-cell lineage tracing in GluCreERT2;ROSA26-eYFP transgenic mice to investigate the extent to which these positive pancrea...
Source: Peptides - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Reproductive BioMedicine OnlineAuthor(s): Shuang Yuan, Yichao Qiu, Yuanyuan Xu, Hongjing WangAbstractIncreasing evidence shows that HPV infection affects reproductive health and fertility, although its impact on female fertility has not been thoroughly studied. We conducted a meta-analysis of 12 studies including 15450 female subjects that compared HPV prevalence between the infertile and general population, and evaluated the association between HPV positivity and female infertility. Seven case-controlled studies on 3581 participants reported indiscriminate genotyp...
Source: Reproductive BioMedicine Online - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
Purpose: People with Type 2 diabetes exhibit peripheral neuropathy that results in the progressive loss of sensation in their feet. This may adversely affect their ability to drive as there is the potential for their foot to slip off the accelerator...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Anise extract can be a promising agent in the control of DM for further clinical trials. PMID: 31724151 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Folia Morphologica - Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research
ConclusionPLO has a significant impact on pain, mental state, quality of life, and capacity to work. However, the long-term prognosis is promising. The severe mental distress is presumably related to several contributing factors in life such as physical integrity and independence, family life, employment, and financial security.Key Points• PLO has a strong impact on quality of life and can lead to severe mental distress.• At onset of symptoms, patients with PLO are in very poor mental and physical condition; however, the long-term outcome after inpatient rehabilitation seems to be good.• Most patients do not...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Authors: Etemadi A, Amouzegar A, Mehran L, Tohidi M, Azizi F, Moradi K, Delshad H Abstract Objective Thyroid disorders such as subclinical hypothyroidism and isolated maternal hypothyroxinemia are understudied in pregnant women, despite their possible adverse effects on the health of mother and child. Also, the role of iodine deficiency in developing such disorders has not yet been fully understood. Design The present national population-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 1080 randomly recruited pregnant women, aged 20-40 from 12 provinces of Iran from 2013 to 2014. Method Serum concentrations of TSH, T4,...
Source: Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Thyroid Source Type: research
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