Type 1 diabetes affects zona pellucida and genome methylation in oocytes and granulosa cells
In this study, we generated a type 1 diabetes (T1D) mouse model by STZ injection to study the effects of T1D on zona pellucida and genomic DNA methylation of oocytes and granulosa cells. T1D mice showed fewer ovulated eggs, reduced ovarian reserve, disrupted estrus cycle, and significantly ruptured zona pellucida in 2-cell in vivo embryos compared to controls. Notably, diabetic oocytes displayed thinner zona pellucida and treatment of oocytes with high concentration glucose reduced the zona pellucida thickness. Differential methylation genes in oocytes and granulosa cells were analyzed by methylation sequencing. These genes were significantly enriched in GO terms by GO analysis, and these GO terms were involved in multiple aspects of growth and development. Most notably, the abnormal methylation genes in oocytes may be related to oocyte zona pellucida changes in diabetic mice. These findings provide novel basic data for further understanding and elucidating dysgenesis and epigenetic changes in type 1 diabetes mellitus.
Conclusions: The results show that GLP-1 infusion suppresses the postprandial secretion of gastrin in normal subjects and even more so in the diabetes patients. The results may therefore shed further light on the upper gastrointestinal side effects of GLP-1-derived drugs in diabetic patients. PMID: 31725337 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Eleftheriadou I, Didangelos T, Pappas AC, Anastasiou E, Vasilopoulos C, Zoupas C, Manes C, Tsatsoulis A, Benroubi M, Pangalos E, Thomakos P, Gerasimidi-Vazeou A, Tentolouris N Abstract PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of a real-time continuous glucose monitoring (RT-CGM) system added to insulin pump therapy for 3 months, in sub-optimally controlled adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D). METHODS: This was a prospective, multicenter, non-randomized, post-market release study. A total of 43 adult patients with T1D on insulin pump therapy and inadequate glycemic control (HbA1c> 7.0%) participated in...
Nature Reviews Nephrology, Published online: 14 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41581-019-0229-1A new genome-wide association study of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus reveals novel loci that are associated with the development of diabetic kidney disease. The most significant of these loci encodes the α3 chain of type IV collagen, which is an important component of the glomerular basement membrane.
Condition: Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 Interventions: Drug: LY900027; Drug: Insulin Lispro Sponsor: Eli Lilly and Company Not yet recruiting
Authors: Ohara N, Kobayashi M, Ikeda Y, Hoshi T, Morita S, Kanefuji T, Yagi K, Suda T, Takada T, Hasegawa G, Sato Y, Hirano K, Kosugi SI Abstract A 70-year-old man with insulinoma-associated antigen-2 autoantibodies developed diabetes mellitus (DM) without ketoacidosis after starting nivolumab to treat advanced gastric cancer. He subsequently exhibited preserved insulin-secretion capacity for over one year. Immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) infrequently cause type 1 DM associated with the rapid loss of insulin secretion and ketoacidosis as an immune-related adverse event. ICIs may also cause non-insulin-dependent...
CONCLUSION: Fanconi syndrome is a rare, exogenously acquired disorder in adults that often develops as an adverse effect of medication therapy. Our patient presented with Fanconi syndrome as a complication of canagliflozin use for the treatment of presumed type 2 diabetes. She was then started on subcutaneous insulin monotherapy for the treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus. PMID: 31724039 [PubMed - in process]
Diabetes Technology&Therapeutics, Ahead of Print.
Abstract The use of advanced technologies for diabetes management is on the rise among pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII), continuous glucose monitoring, predictive low glucose suspend, hybrid closed-loop insulin delivery systems-all enable better diabetes management and glycemic control. However, when used by children, and especially very young children, specific aspects must be taken into consideration, including technical parameters, ease of use, parental stress, and satisfaction. The unique characteristics of T1D in children aged
CONCLUSION: FGF21 prevents renal fibrosis via negative regulation of the TGF-β/Smad2/3-mediated EMT process by activation of the Akt/MDM2/p53 signaling pathway. PMID: 31701691 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
AbstractPurpose of ReviewIndividuals with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T1DM, T2DM) have an increased risk of bone fracture compared to non-diabetic controls that is not explained by differences in BMD, BMI, or falls. Thus, bone tissue fracture resistance may be reduced in individuals with DM. The purpose of this review is to summarize work that analyzes the effects of T1DM and T2DM on bone tissue compositional and mechanical properties.Recent FindingsStudies of clinical T2DM specimens revealed increased mineralization and advanced glycation endproduct (AGE) concentrations and significant relationships between mecha...