Cancers, Vol. 11, Pages 1597: Cold Atmospheric Plasma-Treated PBS Eliminates Immunosuppressive Pancreatic Stellate Cells and Induces Immunogenic Cell Death of Pancreatic Cancer Cells
In this study, we investigated the cytotoxicity of plasma-treated phosphate-buffered saline (pPBS) using three PSC lines and four PCC lines and examined the immunogenicity of the induced cell death. We observed a decrease in the viability of PSC and PCC after pPBS treatment, with a higher efficacy in the latter. Two PCC lines expressed and released damage-associated molecular patterns characteristic of the induction of immunogenic cell death (ICD). In addition, pPBS-treated PCC were highly phagocytosed by dendritic cells (DCs), resulting in the maturation of DC. This indicates the high potential of pPBS to trigger ICD. In contrast, pPBS induced no ICD in PSC. In general, pPBS treatment of PCCs and PSCs created a more immunostimulatory secretion profile (higher TNF-α and IFN-γ, lower TGF-β) in coculture with DC. Altogether, these data show that plasma treatment via pPBS has the potential to induce ICD in PCCs and to reduce the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment created by PSCs. Therefore, these data provide a strong experimental basis for further in vivo validation, which might potentially open the way for more successful combination strategies with immunotherapy for PDAC.
AbstractInterferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) is a 15 kDa protein induced by type I interferons (IFN-α and IFN-β) and is a member of the ubiquitin-like superfamily of proteins. The ISG15 pathway is highly expressed in various malignancies, including pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), suggesting a potential role of the ISG15 pathway (free ISG1 5 and ISG15 conjugates) in pancreatic carcinogenesis. However, very little is known about how the ISG15 pathway may contribute to pancreatic tumorigenesis. In the current study, we demonstrate that ISG15 pathway knockdown reverses the KRAS-associated phenotypes ...
Conditions: Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma; Pancreatic Cancer Intervention: Biological: Autologous DC vaccine Sponsors: Baylor College of Medicine; Cancer Cures for Kids Not yet recruiting
Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology, Published online: 08 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41571-019-0281-6Virtually all patients with resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) will have disease progression, which is generally associated with dismal outcomes. However, novel targeted therapies and immunotherapies, selected based on the genomic and/or clinical features of patients’ tumours are beginning to improve the outcomes in subsets of patients. In this Review, the authors describe progress in novel therapies for patients with PDAC.
-Chuan Hung Both gemcitabine and fluoropyrimidine are recommended backbones in the first-line treatment of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). To compare the efficacy and safety of these two therapeutic backbones, and to investigate the optimal therapies, we conducted a network meta-analysis. By retrospective analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT), the most preferred therapeutic regimen may be predicted. The eligible RCTs of the gemcitabine-based therapies and fluoropyrimidine-based therapies were searched up to 31 August 2019. In a frequentist network meta-analysis, treatments were compared and ranked acc...
CONCLUSIONS: NeoTx is not only cytotoxic, but has pleiotropic, beneficial effects on all cellular and non-cellular components of PCa. Combinational approaches including immunotherapy may unleash long-term and more effective anti-tumor responses and improve prognosis of PCa. PMID: 31585935 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: A combined pancreatic cancer multimodality approach using CIT and radiosensitized radiotherapy is feasible and safe; delivery of immunotherapy can lead to T-cell immunity. Re-evaluation with modern systemic paradigms is recommended.
ConclusionMDSC analysis aids in defining the immune landscape of PDAC patients for a more appropriate diagnosis, stratification and treatment.
In this study, we performed immunohistochemistry to detect the PD-L2, CD3, CD8, transforming growth factor- β2 (TGF-β2) and FOXP3 levels in paraffin sections from 305 patients with resected PDAC as a training set. Expression levels of intratumoral and stromal immune markers were compared in relation to survival using Kaplan-Meier curves, random survival forest model and survival tree analysis. A multiva riable Cox proportional-hazards model of associated markers was used to calculate the risk scores.ResultsPD-L2 was expressed in 71.5% of PDAC samples and showed strong correlations with CD3+, CD8+ T cells and FOXP...
CONCLUSIONS: Combining an anti-PD-1 antibody, nivolumab, with a Treg-depleting anti-CCR4 antibody, mogamulizumab, provides an acceptable safety profile, antitumor activity, and a potentially effective option in cancer immunotherapy. PMID: 31455681 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]