Targeting autophagy-related protein kinases for potential therapeutic purpose

Publication date: Available online 18 October 2019Source: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica BAuthor(s): Honggang Xiang, Jifa Zhang, Congcong Lin, Lan Zhang, Bo Liu, Liang OuyangAbstractAutophagy, defined as a scavenging process of protein aggregates and damaged organelles mediated by lysosomes, plays a significant role in the quality control of macromolecules and organelles. Since protein kinases are integral to the autophagy process, it is critically important to understand the role of kinases in autophagic regulation. At present, intervention of autophagic processes by small-molecule modulators targeting specific kinases has becoming a reasonable and prevalent strategy for treating several varieties of human disease, especially cancer. In this review, we describe the role of some autophagy-related kinase targets and kinase-mediated phosphorylation mechanisms in autophagy regulation. We also summarize the small-molecule kinase inhibitors/activators of these targets, highlighting the opportunities of these new therapeutic agents.Graphical abstractThis review elaborates in detail the role of some autophagy-related kinase targets and phosphorylation in autophagy regulation, and further summarizes the application of small-molecule kinase inhibitors/activators for autophagy inhibition and induction. Understanding how these autophagy-related kinases regulate autophagy machinery is critical for the potential therapeutic application of autophagy.
Source: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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