Predictors of Personal Recovery of People with Severe Mental Illness in a Chinese Society: a Cross-Sectional Study with a Random Sample
AbstractThis research study aims to identify the psychosocial factors predicting the personal recovery of people with severe mental illness in a Chinese society. A cross-sectional research design was adopted that involved a random sample of 266 community-dwelling people with severe mental illness in Hong Kong. These individuals were assessed in terms of their personal recovery, self-esteem, and self-stigma by using standardized assessment scales. While personal recovery is related to and/or predicted by various psychosocial factors, the results of hierarchical multiple linear regression analyses showed that self-stigma subscales were significant predictors of personal recovery, while self-worth was the strongest predictor of personal recovery. Thus, it is important to enhance the sense of self-worth and reduce self-stigma of people with severe mental illness to facilitate their personal recovery.
OxyContin maker Purdue Pharma LP got court approval on Tuesday to reimburse millions of dollars in legal fees for states that back its proposed $10 billion settlement of opioid lawsuits, but with a condition meant to help victims of the addiction crisis.
Publication date: Available online 18 November 2019Source: Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological PsychiatryAuthor(s): Yoshihiro Noda, Mera S. Barr, Muhammad ElSalhy, Fumi Masuda, Ryosuke Tarumi, Kamiyu Ogyu, Masataka Wada, Sakiko Tsugawa, Takahiro Miyazaki, Shinichiro Nakajima, Masaru MimuraAbstractDelay discounting (DD) represents decreased subjective value for delayed reward relative to the same reward at present. The concept of DD has been applied for pathophysiology of addiction and psychiatric disorders. However, the detailed neuroimaging correlates of DD underlying pathophysiology still remain unclear. ...
The Philippines will outlaw the use and importation of e-cigarettes and arrest anyone using them, its president said on Tuesday, joining a growing number of nations moving to ban devices that have been linked to deaths and addiction.
Aimi Veness, 44, flew from her home in East Sussex to Los Angeles to meet with doctors Paul Nassif and Terry Dubrow of the TV show Botched. They said it was too dangerous to have a third butt lift.
Documents reviewed by The Times reveal that the chemical formula that makes Juul so palatable and addictive dates back more than four decades — to Reynolds' tobacco laboratories.
Conclusions: Smoking and substance abuse are common among industrial workers. Tramadol and cannabis are the most commonly abused substances. Smoking, older age, and male sex are correlates of substance abuse. Alcohol abuse is associated with dependence.
This study aimed to understand family communication and overall well-being of young adults in the context of familial opioid misuse using the family systems framework. Methods: A cross-sectional, mixed-methods, online survey of young adults aged 18 to 30 years (n=137) was conducted. A cluster analysis was performed based on family organization and structural characteristics. MANCOVA was utilized to compare groups identified using the cluster analysis in terms of (1) family’s belief about opioid misuse, (2) worry regarding opioid misuse, (3) family communication, and (4) overall well-being of young adults. Results...
Background and Aim: Controlling the symptoms of opioid withdrawal syndrome is important for the treatment of opioid addiction. There is very limited evidence on the effectiveness of pregabalin on opioid withdrawal syndrome. The present study examines the effectiveness of pregabalin in reducing opioid withdrawal symptoms. Methods: This double-blind clinical-trial was conducted on noninjecting opioid users diagnosed with opioid dependence and referred to the Addiction Treatment Center of Khorshid Hospital in Isfahan, Iran, in 2015 and 2016. The patients were divided into intervention and control groups, and both groups ...
This article reports an integrative review of seven trials carried out from 2007 to 2016, investigating the use of TMS on subjects abusing cocaine. The analysis was categorized into 5 different topics (1) area of intervention; (2) hemisphere; (3) number of pulses and intensity; (4) safety and adverse effects; and (5) other outcomes. Most of the trials found promising results of craving and/or use reduction with repetitive TMS (rTMS). Future interventions should consider the use of TMS as part of rehabilitation therapies.
Conclusions: The data were collected from school students. The statistical analysis of the Arabic version of game addiction scale for adolescents showed that the Arabic/English validity was satisfactory, with proper internal consistency and reliability.