Body mass index and peripheral arterial disease, a "U-shaped" relationship in elderly African population - the EPIDEMCA study.
Body mass index and peripheral arterial disease, a "U-shaped" relationship in elderly African population - the EPIDEMCA study. Vasa. 2019 Oct 17;:1-7 Authors: Desormais I, Aboyans V, Guerchet M, Ndamba-Bandzouzi B, Mbelesso P, Magne J, Jesus P, Marin B, Lacroix P, Preux PM, EPIDEMCA investigators Abstract Background: There is no study available concerning specifically the role of underweight in PAD prevalence. Patients and methods: Individuals ≥ 65 years living in urban and rural areas of two countries in Central Africa (Central African Republic and the Republic of Congo) were invited. Demographic, clinical and biological data were collected, and ankle-brachial index measured. BMI was calculated as weight/height2 and participants were categorized according to the World Health Organization as with underweight (
CONCLUSIONS: Based on these results, 8.1% of Mexican general population without a history of liver disease is at high risk of having advanced liver fibrosis and complications and death derived from cardiovascular disease and cirrhosis. Most of them showed normal ALT serum levels. PMID: 32063504 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
The objective of this research article was to assess the trend of hospitalization, epidemiological characteristics and economic burden in the young adult, aged 18–45 years, presenting with atrial fibrillation.MethodsHospitalization data from the National Inpatient Sample between 2005 and 2015 were used to analyze prevalence of risk factors and financial burden in young adults with atrial fibrillation.ResultsFrom 2005 to 2015, a total of 260,080 admissions were included in the study. From 2005 to 2015, there was a decreasing trend of total admissions with atrial fibrillation among the age group of 18–45 years co...
In what ways might obesity impact liver enzyme concentrations in the pediatric population?Journal of Clinical Endocrinology &Metabolism
Obesity, air pollution and climate change pose an 'immediate threat' to children in wealthy and poor countries alike. The UK is among the best ten countries in the world.
Asprosin, a novel glucogenic adipokine, is encoded by two exons (exon 65 and exon 66) of the gene Fibrillin 1 (FBN1) and mainly synthesized and released by white adipose tissue during fasting. Asprosin plays a complex role in the central nervous system (CNS), peripheral tissues, and organs. It is involved in appetite, glucose metabolism, insulin resistance (IR), cell apoptosis, etc. In this review, we will summarize the newly discovered roles of asprosin in metabolic diseases including diabetes, obesity, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), and cardiovascular disease (CVD), which may contribute to future clinical diagnosis and treatment.
Publication date: Available online 17 February 2020Source: MitochondrionAuthor(s): Pallavi Shukla, Srabani MukherjeeAbstractPolycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder characterized by irregular menstrual cycles, hyperandrogenism and subfertility. Due to its complex manifestation, the pathogenic mechanism of PCOS is not well defined. Cumulative effect of altered genetic and epigenetic factors along with environmental factors may play a role in the manifestation of PCOS leading to systemic malfunction. With failure of genome-wide association study (GWAS) and other studies performed on nuclear genome to p...
Publication date: Available online 17 February 2020Source: PeptidesAuthor(s): Vincent MarksAbstractThis paper describes the early history of Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide, better referred to simply as GIP, from its isolation by purification from a crude preparation of CCK-PZ (cholecystokinin/pancreozymin) to its recognition as a key play in the pathogenesis of obesity and other metabolic disorders far removed from the enterogastrone properties by which it was originally identified. Augmentation of glucose mediated insulin release, the incretin effect, was discovered soon after GIP was first isolated and only much later wa...