Outbreaks of serious pneumococcal disease in closed settings in the conjugate vaccines era, 2010-2018: a systematic review to inform national guidance in the UK

Outbreaks of severe pneumococcal disease occur sporadically and can affect large numbers of individuals, although they are less frequent compared to the pre-antibiotic era.1 The responsible pathogen, Streptococcus pneumoniae, is a Gram-positive bacterium that commonly colonises the nasopharyngeal tract, especially in young children. Occasionally, however, it can invade locally to cause mucosal infections including sinusitis, otitis media or pneumonia. Rarely, invasion of the bloodstream can lead to more serious infections, including septicaemia and meningitis.
Source: Journal of Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research

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Authors: Blumenfeld O, Hampe CS, Shulman L, Chen R, Laron Z Abstract Recent epidemiological surveys performed in Australia, USA and Israel demonstrate that Rotavirus vaccination correlates with an attenuated prevalence and/or incidence of early childhood diabetes (T1D). Other studies failed to confirm the above. PMID: 32780950 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Pediatr Endocrinol Rev Source Type: research
Authors: Meo SA, Abukhalaf AA, Alomar AA, Al-Beeshi IZ, Alhowikan A, Shafi KM, Meo AS, Usmani AM, Akram J Abstract OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a global public health crisis with social, psychological and long-lasting economical damages. Weather-related dynamics have an impact on the pattern of human health and disease. The present study aimed to investigate the impact of heat and humidity on daily basis incidence and mortality due to COVID-19 pandemic in ten of the world's hottest countries compared to ten of the coldest ones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Worldwide, we selected 20 countries; 10 hottes...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The study does not seem to exclude that the lethality of COVID-19 may be climate sensitive. Future studies will have to confirm these clues, due to potential confounding factors, such as pollution, population age, and exposure to malaria. PMID: 32767354 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Ren HW, Wu Y, Dong JH, An WM, Yan T, Liu Y, Liu CC Abstract OBJECTIVE: To explore the CT imaging features/signs of patients with different clinical types of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) via the application of artificial intelligence (AI), thus improving the understanding of COVID-19. PANTIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical data and chest CT imaging features of 58 patients confirmed with COVID-19 in the Fifth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. According to the Guidelines on Novel Coronavirus-Infected Pneumonia Diagnosis and Treatment (Provisional 6th Edition), COVID-19 ...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Rapid hospital reengineering has probably had an impact on the management of patients with and without SARS-CoV-2 infection, and on in-hospital mortality rates over the reporting period. PMID: 32767350 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Chen GF, Cheng YR, Ye L, Wang MW, Zhou MY, Zhang F, Chen J, Feng ZH Abstract OBJECTIVE: The World Health Organization reported a cluster of cases of pneumonia of unknown cause detected on December 31, 2019 in China. Unfortunately, a 34-year-old Italian nurse has committed suicide after testing positive for coronavirus. It was the second case of suicide by a nurse in an Italian hospital and occurred only a few days after the first suicide. These consecutive suicides have aroused concern, and it is necessary to investigate the psychological issues of the medical staff in Italy regarding the COVID-19. PMI...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Ueta Y, Akiba Y, Yamazaki J, Okubo Y, Taguchi T, Terashi H, K Hayashi Y, Aizawa H Abstract Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) is a rare condition of systemic vasculitis of small to medium-sized blood vessels. We herein report the case of a 75-year-old man who presented with hemiplegia on his right side due to cerebral infarction following myalgia and a high fever. He had no history of asthma or allergic rhinitis. He was diagnosed with EGPA based on the presence of eosinophilia, sinusitis suggested by magnetic resonance imaging, and muscle pathology. His hemiplegia improved rapidly after c...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Authors: Hasegawa Y, Arinuma Y, Tanaka S, Tono T, Tanaka T, Muramatsu T, Kondo J, Matsueda Y, Hoshiyama T, Wada T, Takayama Y, Yamaoka K Abstract A 40-year-old man with systemic lupus erythematosus taking consecutive oral corticosteroids developed a high-grade fever and disorder of consciousness following acute rhinitis. Haemophilus influenzae type f (Hif) was found and isolated from the blood and cerebrospinal fluid by culture, leading to a diagnosis of meningitis. The prevalence of H. influenzae type b (Hib) infections has decreased due to routine immunization. As a result, the prevalence of invasive non-Hib, inc...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
In conclusion, while the two assays present equivalent data for assessing the effectiveness of the bivalent and quadrivalent vaccines, PGMY-CHUV is more suitable for evaluating the impact of the current 9-valent vaccine because of its superior detection of HPV52 in co-infection cases. PMID: 32759554 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Tohoku J Exp Med Source Type: research
Conclusions: In accordance with trials with low methodological quality, Xiao'er Xiaoji Zhike oral liquid combined with azithromycin seems to be safe and superior to azithromycin alone for the treatment of MPP in children. However, further trials with rigorous methodology need to be implemented for these potential benefits. PMID: 32765636 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
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