Comparison of diagnostic accuracy of dual-axis rotational versus standard coronary angiography

This study aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of DARCA versus standard coronary angiography (SA). 70 patients with possible CAD underwent SA following by DARCA were prospectively enrolled. The primary endpoint was the non-inferiority comparison of the two modalities regarding diagnosis of CAD. Coronary lesion assessment, quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) analysis, and screening adequacy comparisons were performed. All images were analyzed by two independent reviewers except QCA analysis that was analyzed by the third independent reviewer. Radiation dose, contrast usage and procedural time were recorded. This trial is registered with, Number NCT01776866. 63 of 70 patients were analyzed. DARCA was non-inferior to SA regarding the diagnosis of CAD (reviewer one —positive agreement: 100%, negative agreement: 100%,p = 1;p = 0.003 for non-inferiority; reviewer two—positive agreement: 96%, negative agreement: 95%,p = 1;p = 0.016 for non-inferiority). All reviewers showed good agreement between the two modalities for the diagnosis of CAD, coronary lesion assessment, QCA analysis, and screening adequacy, as reflected by kappa coefficients between 0.61 and 1.00. DARCA was associated with 41% reduction in radiation dose, 30% in contrast usage and 29% in procedure time (allp 
Source: The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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Authors: Gu Y, Zhang Y, Luo M, Zhang H, Liu X, Miao C Abstract BACKGROUND To study the risk predictors of intracranial asymptomatic small aneurysm rupture by electrocardiographic (ECG)-gated 4D-CT angiography (4D-CTA). MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 168 patients with intracranial aneurysms
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2020Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional RadiologyAuthor(s): Assaf Graif, George Kimbiris, Christopher J. Grilli, Demetrios J. Agriantonis, Samuel G. Putnam, Daniel A. LeungAbstractPurposeTo examine the safety of therapeutic-dose anticoagulation during catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) for acute pulmonary embolism (PE).Materials and MethodsA retrospective review of 156 consecutive cases (age, 56.6 ± 15.4 years; 85 males) of CDT with alteplase for acute PE (symptoms,
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsTest and control devices demonstrated excellent patency in an ovine model. Compared to the control, test devices exhibited significantly lower %DS values at 180 days and significantly lower mid-device NC scores at 30, 90, and 180 days.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Short-term survival for patients with STEMI and OHCA undergoing emergent coronary angiography and revascularization with TTM in this contemporary, multicenter registry was high and neurologic outcome was good in more than half of patients. PMID: 31941835 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Invasive Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Invasive Cardiol Source Type: research
ConclusionFast T2*W sequences demonstrated very good diagnostic performance and inter-reader agreement for detecting SVS in the M1 segment in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
Source: Emergency Radiology - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: Disseminated tubercular granulomas can rarely occur with the use of oral Azathioprine and poses caution for its use in cases requiring long-term immunosuppressants. PMID: 31940236 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
We report recent trends and predictors of ACS hospitalisation LOS in New Zealand. METHODS: Using routine national hospitalisation datasets, we calculated mean LOS for ACS admissions annually from 2006 to 2016, by demographics, ACS subtype and ACS procedures (coronary angiography, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)). We also identified predictors of longer LOS. RESULTS: Among 185,962 ACS hospitalisations, mean LOS decreased from 7.8 to 6.7 days between 2006 and 2016 (adjusted decrease = -0.18 days/year). Decline in LOS was observed for all demographic subgroups by age...
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
This study aimed to determine the association of the plasma FGF23 concentration with intracranial cerebral atherosclerosis (ICAS) and extracranial cerebral atherosclerosis (ECAS). METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 262 first-ever ischemic stroke patients in whom brain magnetic resonance was performed and a blood sample acquired within 24 h after admission. Plasma FGF23 concentrations were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The presence of ICAS or ECAS was defined as a ≥50% decrease in arterial diameter in magnetic resonance angiography. The burden of cerebral atherosclerosis was calculated by addin...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study on ICAS revealed certain trends of longitudinal distribution of WSS and pressure and the influences of percent stenosis on cerebral hemodynamics, as well as the correlations between WSS and pressure drop. It represents a step forward in applying computational flow simulation techniques in studying ICAS and stroke, in a patient-specific manner.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Objective: An enlarged perivascular space (EPVS) is an imaging marker of cerebral small vessel disease, and its relationship with large artery disease is elusive. We investigated the EPVS in patients with internal carotid artery stenosis (ICAS) with the use of digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and tested the relationship between the degree of EPVS and the degree of ICAS; as well as the relationship between the degree of EPVS and white matter hyperintensity (WMH). Method: A total of 202 patients with or without ICAS diagnosed by DSA were enrolled.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
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