The usefulness of short-course prednisolone during the initial phase of an elimination diet trial in dogs with food-induced atopic dermatitis.

CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: This study demonstrates that a shorter EDT is possible if the allergic pruritus and inflammation are initially controlled with a short course of glucocorticoids. This shortened trial is likely to improve owner adherence and facilitate the diagnosis of food allergy. PMID: 31617265 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Veterinary Dermatology - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Vet Dermatol Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 18 November 2019Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Puja Sood Rajani, Hayley Martin, Marion Groetch, Kirsi M. JärvinenAbstractBreastfeeding is currently recommended as the optimal source of nutrition to infants. However, there are several studies that have shown clinical IgE and non-IgE-mediated reactions to foods in exclusively breastfeeding infants, specifically to cow’s milk, egg, peanut, and fish. Literature suggests that antigenic food proteins present in human milk can be found in substantial enough amounts to elicit clinical reac...
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that comorbid type 2 immune diseases confer protection against morbidity and mortality due to acute infection. Design: Retrospective cohort study of patients hospitalized with an acute infection between November 2008 and January 2016 using electronic health record data. Setting: Single tertiary-care academic medical center. Patients: Admissions to the hospital through the emergency department with likely infection at the time of admission who may or may not have had a type 2 immune-mediated disease, defined as asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, or f...
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Clinical Investigations Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 October 2019Source: Genes &DiseasesAuthor(s): Wei Wang, Tianhao Yao, Tianyi Zhang, Meiying Quan, Changyan Wang, Chen Wang, Lejia Zhang, Xiaoyan Tang, Shan Jian, Hongmei SongAbstractSelective immunoglobulin A deficiency (SIgAD) is considered to be the most common human primary immune-deficiency disease in the world. However, the incidence in China is obviously lower than Caucasian races. The definitionof SIgAD has changed over time with the progress of people's understanding. The scientific community did not reach a consensus on the definition until 1999. As a result, many previousl...
Source: Genes and Diseases - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Patient is a 9-year-old male with a history of moderate/severe atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinitis and eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). He initially presented to an outside gastroenterologist at 3 years of age due to poor growth and picky eating. He had an endoscopy performed, which demonstrated esophageal eosinophilia. At the time of EoE diagnosis, patient was without IgE mediated food allergies, specifically tolerating dairy products regularly without symptoms. His initial management of eosinophilic esophagitis included the 4-food elimination diet.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
Despite being classified as an allergy, the epidemiologic relationships between food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) and other allergic manifestations (atopic dermatitis, AD; IgE-mediated food allergy, IgE-FA; asthma; allergic rhinitis, AR) are not well understood.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Food Allergy Source Type: research
Frequently, patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) avoid otherwise tolerated foods due to concerns for possible flares of AD, or sensitization found on blood and/or skin prick testing (SPT). Most studies in patients with AD demonstrate poor predictive value when comparing food allergy (FA) testing and immediate reactions during oral food challenge (OFC). Furthermore, avoidance of some foods carries a risk of developing IgE-mediated FA.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsGeneral-population infants introduced to peanut after age 12 months were more likely to have sensitization and probable clinical allergy to peanut at 3 years.
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
There is some evidence to support the use of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) in food allergy, although its role is unclear. One randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial supports the safe and efficacious use of dust mite SLIT in children with mild to moderate atopic dermatitis, but these data have not been confirmed. Although there are several randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials to support the use of SLIT-LATEX, this product is not available in the United States and extrapolation of these effects to latex extracts is unsubstantiated. There is also insufficient evidence to support the use of SLIT fo...
Source: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
For this ‘From the Pages of Allergy Watch’ reviews from several recent issues were selected which review articles about Allergic Skin Diseases, the focus of this issue of the Annals. The first article describes a unique minimally invasive method of skin tape stripping to identify infants with atopic derm atitis who are at increased risk for food allergy. The next study investigates the difference between IgE sensitivity and clinical reactivity to foods in children with atopic dermatitis. The last investigates the impact of UV light exposure and the development of atopic dermatitis in infancy.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the clinical manifestations and risk factors for anaphylaxis in PFAS in Korean patients with pollinosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from a nationwide cross-sectional study that previously reported on PFAS in Korean patients with pollinosis. Data from 273 patients with PFAS were collected, including demographics, list of culprit fruits and vegetables, and clinical manifestations of food allergy. We analyzed 27 anaphylaxis patients and compared them with patients with PFAS with oropharyngeal symptoms only (n=130). RESULTS: The most common cause of anaphylaxis in PFAS wa...
Source: Yonsei Medical Journal - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Yonsei Med J Source Type: research
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