Oxygen consumption and heart rate obtained in a ramp protocol are equivalent during exercise session of rectangular loading at ventilatory thresholds for athletes
This study tested if VO2 and heart rate (HR) corresponding to first (VT1) and second ventilatory threshold (VT2) determined during a ramp protocol were equivalent to those observed in rectangular load exercises at the same intensity in runners elite athletes (EA) and non-athletes (NA). Eighteen health subjects were divided into two groups: EA (n = 9, VO2max 68.6 mL ·kg-1·min-1) and NA (n = 9, VO2max 47.2 mL·kg-1·min-1). They performed CPx and 48h and 96h later, a continuous running lasting 1 h for VT1 and until exhaustion for VT2. The results showed that EA at VT1 session, presented delta differences for VO2 (+9.1%, p = 0.125) vs. NA (+20.5%, p = 0.012). T he Bland-Altman plots for VT1 presented biases of (4.4 ± 6.9) and (5.5 ± 5.6 mLO2·kg-1·min-1) for AE and NA, respectively. In VT2, the VO2 and HR of the NA showed biases of (0.4 ± 2.9 mLO2·kg-1·min-1) and (4.9 ± 4.2 bpm). The ramp protocol used in this study was inappropriate for NA because it underestimates the values of VO2 and HR at VT1 found in the rectangular load exercise. The HR showed good agreement at VT2 with CPx and may be a good parameter for controlling exercise intensity.Resumo O treinamento no limiar ventilat ório (LV) é um estímulo adequado para melhorar os limiares em indivíduos sedentários, entretanto uma maior intensidade é necessária para indivíduos condicionados. A ...
Authors: Karimi G, Vard B, Riyahi R, Motlagh ME, Heshmat R, Kelishadi R Abstract This cross-sectional study was conducted among 14,400 Iranian students, aged 7-18 years to determine the association between the frequency of family dinner and mental health. Family dinner frequency, family relationship, life satisfaction (LS), self-perceived health and anxiety were assessed by validated questionnaires. Of 14,274 participants, 50.6% were boys and 71.4% were urban residents, with a mean (SD) age of 12.28 (3.16) years. Family dinner frequency was significantly correlated with LS (boys: β = 0.27, p
In this study we explored the use of a natural compound rubusoside (RUB) as a solubilizer to enhance the solubility of a fluorescence-labeled C6-Ceramide (NBD C6-Ceramide) and to characterize its pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution in an animal model. RUB significantly enhanced the solubility of NBD C6-Ceramide by forming nanomicelles, and efficiently delivered NBD C6-Ceramide in rats by oral and intravenous administration. RUB loaded 1.96% of NBD C6-Ceramide in the nanomicelles and solubilized it to a concentration of 3.6 mg/mL in water. NBD C6-Ceramide in nanomicelles remained stable in aqueous solutions, all...
Publication date: Available online 10 December 2019Source: Prostaglandins &Other Lipid MediatorsAuthor(s): Giorgio Mottola, Evan Werlin, Bian Wu, Mian Chen, Anuran Chatterjee, Melinda Schaller, Michael S. ConteAbstractInflammation ensuing from vascular injury promotes intimal hyperplasia (IH) and restenosis. Resolvin D1 (RvD1) is a lipid mediator that attenuates IH in vivo when delivered locally to the vessel wall in animal models. We tested the hypothesis that peri-procedural oral administration of RvD1 could blunt the local inflammatory response to angioplasty, and attenuate downstream IH. Carotid angioplasty was per...
First-of-its-kind trial evaluates decision aid’s efficacy
Authors: Glauser W PMID: 31818934 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Owens B PMID: 31818933 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Dermer M, Martel J, Greenhill A PMID: 31818932 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Robson R PMID: 31818931 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Lamb S PMID: 31818930 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Zimmer V, Glanemann M, Lammert F PMID: 31818929 [PubMed - in process]