Assessment of theoretical and practical knowledge of asthma among guardians of children treated in primary care

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare religious coping (RC) in patients with COPD and healthy individuals, as well as to determine whether RC is associated with demographic characteristics, quality of life, depression, and disease severity in the patients with COPD. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted between 2014 and 2016, involving outpatients with moderate to severe COPD seen at one of two hospitals in Fortaleza, Brazil, as well as gender- and age-matched healthy controls. The Brief RCOPE scale assessed RC in all of the participants. We also evaluated the COPD group patients regarding symptoms, quality of life, and depression, as well as submitting them to spirometry and a six-minute walk test. Results: A total of 100 patients were evaluated. The mean age was 67.3 ± 6.8 years, and 54% were men. In the COPD group, the mean positive RC score was significantly higher than was the mean negative RC score (27.17 ± 1.60 vs. 8.21 ± 2.12; p = 0.001). The mean positive RC score was significantly higher in women than in men (27.5 ± 1.1 vs. 26.8 ± 2.8; p = 0.02). Ne gative RC scores were significantly higher in the COPD group than in the control group (p = 0.01). Negative RC showed an inverse association with six-minute walk distance (6MWD; r = − 0.3; p
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

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This study was designed to examine the association between sleep problems and different categories of OAD amongst US adults. METHODS: We conducted an observational, cross-sectional study using a nationally representative sample of the US civilian non-institutionalized population from 2007 to 2008 National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES). A total of 3204 study participants aged ≥35 years were stratified into four groups, using a self-reported history of asthma and data from spirometry: asthma-COPD overlap (ACO) (n = 70, 2.2%), asthma (n = 168, 5.2%), chronic obstru...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
This study was designed to examine the association between sleep problems and different categories of OAD amongst US adults.MethodsWe conducted an observational, cross-sectional study using a nationally representative sample of the US civilian non-institutionalized population from 2007 to 2008 National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES). A total of 3204 study participants aged ≥35 years were stratified into four groups, using a self-reported history of asthma and data from spirometry: asthma-COPD overlap (ACO) (n = 70, 2.2%), asthma (n = 168, 5.2%), chronic obstructive pu...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Yafei Tan1,2, Omer Van den Bergh2, Jiang Qiu1* and Andreas von Leupoldt2* 1Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing, China 2Health Psychology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium Dyspnea is a prevalent interoceptive sensation and the aversive cardinal symptom in many cardiorespiratory diseases as well as in mental disorders. Especially the unpredictability of the occurrence of dyspnea episodes has been suggested to be highly anxiety provoking for affected patients. Moreover, previous studies demonstrated that unpredictable exteroceptive stimuli increased self-reports and electrophysiological responses of an...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Background: Phenotypic differences between early-onset (EODA) and adult-onset (AODA) difficult asthma in adulthood are not well described.Aim: To characterise EODA and AODA in difficult asthma.Methods: The Wessex AsThma CoHort of difficult asthma (WATCH) is a longitudinal study at University Hospital Southampton (UHS) UK set up in 2015. To date, 380 patients are enrolled from the UHS tertiary difficult asthma clinic. Clinical features of EODA (age ≤18 yrs) and AODA (age>18 yrs) are presented here.Results: Of 368 patients with available data, 51.6% had EODA and 48.4% AODA (median age of onset 4.0 yrs v 40.5 yrs respectively (p
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Monitoring Airway Disease Source Type: research
In conclusion, the existence of Asthma overlap slightly lessens the benefits of a high-intensity ET program in patients with COPD, preventing improvements in anxiety and self-reported functional status.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Physiotherapists Source Type: research
High intensity interval training (HIIT) has been used on COPD patients; however, the benefits in asthmatic patients remains unknown.Aim: To compare the effects of HIIT vs. continuous training (CT) in the daily life physical activity (DLPA) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with moderate and severe asthma.Methods: This comparative, randomized and blinded trial included 33 asthmatic under optimized medication and clinically stable patients submitted to either CT (70-85% of maximal heart rate; n=17) or HIIT (bouts 30sec x 30sec; 80-140% of Wattsmax; n=16). The intervention lasted 12 wks (2xwk, 40 min./ses...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: 9.1 Respiratory Function Technologists/Scientists Source Type: research
This study was performed in the Pulmonology department, 47 university hospital, from January 2012 to December 2015. All patients were diagnosed COPD with spirometry according to the GOLD criteria. And a written questionnaire was used for other medical records.Result: A total of 1488 patients were included in this study, 123(8.3%) were never smokers and 1365(91.7%) were ever smoker. Never smokers were more likely to be women(60.2%vs3.6%,P
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: 5.2 Monitoring Airway Disease Source Type: research
Introduction: Difficulties resulting from chronic pulmonary diseases carry a great psychological burden that is expected to be greater with greater difficulties. Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has proven its positive effects in this field.Aim: To show if higher levels of physiological difficulties in asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), mean a bigger psychological burden. To compare asthma and COPD patients in the size of that burden pre and post PR.Methods: Study included 102 asthma and COPD patients who completed PR in 20 visits. Physiological difficulties were measured with spirometry (FVC,FEV1,FEV1/F...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: 1.2 Rehabilitation and Chronic Care Source Type: research
Background: the COPD Assessment Test (CAT) is a disease-specific tool to assess health status and should not be influenced by comorbidities. Aims: to evaluate the CAT score according to the presence of comorbidities and its interaction with smoking and COPD. Method: this is a cross-sectional population-based study consisting of visits to households randomly selected. The subjects answered the CAT, a questionnaire with clinical data and performed spirometry. Depression symptoms were assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. The subjects reported if they have medical diagnosis of heart diseases, rhinitis, gastri...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: 1.13 Clinical Problems - Other Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Asthma coexisted frequently with arterial hypertension and depression in elderly patients. Patients with COPD have a more exaggerated profile of coexisting diseases, specifically cardiovascular problems. PMID: 27115313 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Asthma - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research
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