Assessment of religious coping in patients with COPD

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare religious coping (RC) in patients with COPD and healthy individuals, as well as to determine whether RC is associated with demographic characteristics, quality of life, depression, and disease severity in the patients with COPD. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted between 2014 and 2016, involving outpatients with moderate to severe COPD seen at one of two hospitals in Fortaleza, Brazil, as well as gender- and age-matched healthy controls. The Brief RCOPE scale assessed RC in all of the participants. We also evaluated the COPD group patients regarding symptoms, quality of life, and depression, as well as submitting them to spirometry and a six-minute walk test. Results: A total of 100 patients were evaluated. The mean age was 67.3 ± 6.8 years, and 54% were men. In the COPD group, the mean positive RC score was significantly higher than was the mean negative RC score (27.17 ± 1.60 vs. 8.21 ± 2.12; p = 0.001). The mean positive RC score was significantly higher in women than in men (27.5 ± 1.1 vs. 26.8 ± 2.8; p = 0.02). Ne gative RC scores were significantly higher in the COPD group than in the control group (p = 0.01). Negative RC showed an inverse association with six-minute walk distance (6MWD; r = − 0.3; p
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

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ABSTRACT Objective: To compare religious coping (RC) in patients with COPD and healthy individuals, as well as to determine whether RC is associated with demographic characteristics, quality of life, depression, and disease severity in the patients with COPD. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted between 2014 and 2016, involving outpatients with moderate to severe COPD seen at one of two hospitals in Fortaleza, Brazil, as well as gender- and age-matched healthy controls. The Brief RCOPE scale assessed RC in all of the participants. We also evaluated the COPD group patients regarding symptoms, quality of life,...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
This study was designed to examine the association between sleep problems and different categories of OAD amongst US adults. METHODS: We conducted an observational, cross-sectional study using a nationally representative sample of the US civilian non-institutionalized population from 2007 to 2008 National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES). A total of 3204 study participants aged ≥35 years were stratified into four groups, using a self-reported history of asthma and data from spirometry: asthma-COPD overlap (ACO) (n = 70, 2.2%), asthma (n = 168, 5.2%), chronic obstru...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
This study was designed to examine the association between sleep problems and different categories of OAD amongst US adults.MethodsWe conducted an observational, cross-sectional study using a nationally representative sample of the US civilian non-institutionalized population from 2007 to 2008 National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES). A total of 3204 study participants aged ≥35 years were stratified into four groups, using a self-reported history of asthma and data from spirometry: asthma-COPD overlap (ACO) (n = 70, 2.2%), asthma (n = 168, 5.2%), chronic obstructive pu...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Yafei Tan1,2, Omer Van den Bergh2, Jiang Qiu1* and Andreas von Leupoldt2* 1Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing, China 2Health Psychology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium Dyspnea is a prevalent interoceptive sensation and the aversive cardinal symptom in many cardiorespiratory diseases as well as in mental disorders. Especially the unpredictability of the occurrence of dyspnea episodes has been suggested to be highly anxiety provoking for affected patients. Moreover, previous studies demonstrated that unpredictable exteroceptive stimuli increased self-reports and electrophysiological responses of an...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
The increasingly female face of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) prevalence among women has equalled that of men since 2008, due in part to increased tobacco use among women worldwide and exposure to biomass fuels. This finding is supported by a number of characteristics. There is evidence of susceptibility to smoking and other airborne contaminants, along with epidemiological and phenotypic manifestations. COPD has thus become the leading cause of death in women in the USA. The clinical presentation is characterised by increasingly pronounced dyspnoea with a marked tendency towards anxiety and depression, unde...
Source: European Respiratory Review - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: COPD and smoking Review Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the impact of adherence to long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) on quality of life, dyspnea, and exercise capacity in patients with COPD and exertional hypoxemia followed for one year. Methods: Patients experiencing severe hypoxemia during a six-minute walk test (6MWT) performed while breathing room air but not at rest were included in the study. At baseline and after one year of follow-up, all patients were assessed for comorbidities, body composition, SpO2, and dyspnea, as well as for anxiety and depression, having also undergone spirometry, arterial blood gas analysis, and the 6MWT with suppl...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Background: Phenotypic differences between early-onset (EODA) and adult-onset (AODA) difficult asthma in adulthood are not well described.Aim: To characterise EODA and AODA in difficult asthma.Methods: The Wessex AsThma CoHort of difficult asthma (WATCH) is a longitudinal study at University Hospital Southampton (UHS) UK set up in 2015. To date, 380 patients are enrolled from the UHS tertiary difficult asthma clinic. Clinical features of EODA (age ≤18 yrs) and AODA (age>18 yrs) are presented here.Results: Of 368 patients with available data, 51.6% had EODA and 48.4% AODA (median age of onset 4.0 yrs v 40.5 yrs respectively (p
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Monitoring Airway Disease Source Type: research
Background: The majority of patients with COPD have at least one comorbid condition which further complicates the evolution and the management of the disease. The aim of the study was to evaluate and to analyze the prevalence and clinical significance of COPD comorbidities.Methods: The study was conducted in 435 patients with COPD. Spirometric data were analyzed (FEV1, FVC, FEV1/FVC) and BODE, ADO, BODEx, CODEX and DOSE index.Results: Patients had heart failure in 38.62%, hypertension in 50.11%, coronary artery disease in 23.45%, diabetes mellitus in 10.11%, renal failure in 1.15%, rheumatoid arthritis in 3.22%, depression...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Problems Source Type: research
Conclusions: COPD women, as compared with men, had similar distribution of disease severity and more exacerbations, despite milder smoking history. Women had higher prevalence of anxiety, valvular disease, thyroid disease, but lower prevalence of ischemic heart and cerebral disease and neoplastic disease.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Problems Source Type: research
In conclusion, the existence of Asthma overlap slightly lessens the benefits of a high-intensity ET program in patients with COPD, preventing improvements in anxiety and self-reported functional status.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Physiotherapists Source Type: research
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