Imaging of rectal cancer.

Imaging of rectal cancer. Radiologe. 2019 Oct 15;: Authors: Boot J, Gomez-Munoz F, Beets-Tan RGH Abstract International guidelines dictate that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) should be part of the primary standard work up of patients with rectal cancer because MRI can accurately identify the main risk factors for local recurrence and stratify patients into a differentiated treatment. The role of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is restricted to staging of superficial tumors because EUS is able to differentiate between T1 and T2 rectal cancer. Recent guidelines recommend the addition of diffusion-weighted (DWI) MRI to clinical and endoscopic assessment of response to preoperative radiochemotherapy (RCT). MRI is able to identify significant tumor regression which may alter the surgical approach. PMID: 31616956 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Radiologe - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research

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Abstract International guidelines dictate that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) should be part of the primary standard work up of patients with rectal cancer because MRI can accurately identify the main risk factors for local recurrence and stratify patients into a differentiated treatment. The role of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is restricted to staging of superficial tumors because EUS is able to differentiate between T1 and T2 rectal cancer. Recent guidelines recommend the addition of diffusion-weighted (DWI) MRI to clinical and endoscopic assessment of response to preoperative radiochemotherapy (RCT). MRI...
Source: Der Radiologe - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research
Abstract CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors. Preoperative imaging is crucial in rectal cancer as patients can only receive optimal treatment when accurate staging is performed. The N‑staging is often difficult with the available options and must be called into question as a staging parameter. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are particularly suitable for local staging. Multiparametric MRI with diffusion imaging is indispensable for tumor follow-up. METHODICAL INNOVATIONS: The assessm...
Source: Der Radiologe - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiologe Source Type: research
The goal of the study described here was to investigate the value of shear wave elastography (SWE) in pre-operative staging of rectal cancer. Fifty-five patients with rectal cancer underwent pre-operative conventional endorectal ultrasonography (ERUS), SWE and enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations. Pathologic results were used as the gold standard for cancer staging. The concordance rate with pathologic stage by ERUS and MRI and the stiffness values measured by SWE for tumors in different stages were compared.
Source: Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Original Contribution Source Type: research
ConclusionsCT is a valuable tool in the assessment and management of rectal carcinoma as it can identify locally advanced rectal cancer. This enables treatment without any further unnecessary evaluation.
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Dual-energy CT demonstrated a difference in the mean atomic mass in benign colorectal tumors in comparison to malignant colorectal tumors. PMID: 30764692 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Oncologica - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Acta Oncol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In a clinical setting, ERUS differentiated between benign and malignant tumors with high accuracy. The present findings support previous reports that ERUS and MRI have low accuracy for T-staging of early rectal cancer. We recommend that MRI be routinely combined with ERUS for the clinical examination of rectal tumors, since MRI consistently overstaged adenomas as cancer. In adenomas, MRI had no additional benefit for preoperative staging. PMID: 30736712 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Oncologica - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Acta Oncol Source Type: research
Conclusion: This overview will provide comprehensive evidence of different diagnostic imaging techniques for detecting lymph node involvement in patients with rectal cancer. Ethics and dissemination: Ethics approval and patient consent are not required as this study is an overview based on published systematic reviews. PROSPERO registration number: CRD42018104906.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Systematic Review Source Type: research
Conclusions: Image-guided HDR interstitial brachytherapy in selected patient with LRRC in perineum is a proven, effective, and safe treatment method with relatively long-term outcome. PMID: 30038648 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Contemp Brachytherapy Source Type: research
Abstract A 68-year-old male who had undergone low anterior resection for primary rectal cancer 19 months ago presented with multiple CLM at Couinaud's segments IV, V, and VIII. There was no apparent macroscopic intrabiliary growth on preoperative computed tomography and gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (EOB-MRI). However, the hepatobiliary phase of EOB-MRI revealed peritumoral low signal intensity in lesions in segments V and VIII, which indicates vascular invasion around hepatocellular carcinoma. Contrast-enhanced intraoperative ultrasound (CE-IO...
Source: Clinical Colorectal Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
ConclusionsLaparoscopic-assisted modified intersphincter resection for ultralow rectal cancer is safe and feasible. This technique should be considered whenever possible as a means to offer sphincter preservation and improve sphincter function in patients with ultralow rectal cancer.
Source: Annals of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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