Engineering HSV-1 Vectors for Gene Therapy.
Engineering HSV-1 Vectors for Gene Therapy. Methods Mol Biol. 2020;2060:73-90 Authors: Goins WF, Huang S, Hall B, Marzulli M, Cohen JB, Glorioso JC Abstract Virus vectors have been employed as gene transfer vehicles for various preclinical and clinical gene therapy applications and with the approval of Glybera (Alipogene tiparvovec) as the first gene therapy product as a standard medical treatment (Yla-Herttuala, Mol Ther 20:1831-1832, 2013), gene therapy has reached the status of being a part of standard patient care. Replication-competent herpes simplex virus (HSV) vectors that replicate specifically in actively dividing tumor cells have been used in Phase I-III human trials in patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), a fatal form of brain cancer, and in malignant melanoma. In fact, Imlygic® (T-VEC, Talimogene laherparepvec, formerly known as OncoVex GM-CSF), displayed efficacy in a recent Phase-III trial when compared to standard GM-CSF treatment alone (Andtbacka et al., J Clin Oncol 31:sLBA9008, 2013), and has since become the first FDA-approved viral gene therapy product used in standard patient care (October 2015) (Pol et al., Oncoimmunology 5:e1115641, 2016). Moreover, increased efficacy was observed when Imlygic® was combined with checkpoint inhibitory antibodies as a frontline therapy for malignant melanoma (Ribas et al., Cell 170:1109-1119.e1110, 2017; Dummer et al., Cancer Immunol Immunother 66:683-695, 2017). In addition to the re...
Publication date: Available online 20 November 2019Source: Journal of Advanced ResearchAuthor(s): Sohail Mumtaz, Pradeep Bhartiya, Neha Kaushik, Manish Adhikari, Pradeep Lamichhane, Su-Jae Lee, Nagendra Kumar Kaushik, Eun Ha ChoiAbstractOver the past few decades, microwave (MW) radiation has been widely used, and its biological effects have been extensively investigated. However, the effect of MW radiation on human skin biology is not well understood. We study the effects of pulsed high-power microwaves (HPMs) on melanoma (G361 and SK-Mel-31) and normal human dermal fibroblast (NHDF) cells. A pulsed power generator (Chundo...
We are pleased to invite investors and analysts to participate in a live audio webcast and conference call on Monday, 16 December 2019, highlighting Roche data presented at the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium in San Antonio, Texas, from 10th - 14th December.
Journal of Medicinal Food, Ahead of Print.
Are patients with mental health conditions or lower socioeconomic status more likely to receive long-term opioid therapy?Pain
CONCLUSIONS Our data demonstrate an oncogenic role of miR-652 in uveal melanoma, showing that miR-652 may be a useful biomarker for prediction of prognosis for patients with uveal melanoma. PMID: 31740654 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS Early detection of SB CD without complications remains difficult even if advanced modalities are introduced. Our hypothesis is that the fecal occult blood test and routine blood test should be administered to patients with abdominal pain or gastrointestinal manifestations. Once the patients are found to have GI bleeding or anemia, they would be further examined according to the guideline and SBCE would be used in the early stage of SB CD. PMID: 31738744 [PubMed - in process]
This study was aimed to test the authenticity of the hypothesis. Uveal melanoma MP65 cells were transfected for expression of KRas mutated. H2A.X phosphorylation and ERK1/2 was measured, and transwell experiment was performed to examine the consequents of H2A.XY39ph on MP65 cells developing and migration. Regulatory relationship between H2A.XY39ph and ERK1/2 downstream genes were measured. Moreover, whether JMJD6 and MDM2 are involved in H2A.X phosphorylation was studied. Mutation of Ras activated ERK1/2 signalling and inhibited H2A.X phosphorylation at Y39. Silence of H2A.XY39ph contributed to the regulation of MP65 cells...
This study identified correlates of good screening performance for three common cancers, while weighing them against the backdrop of existing knowledge, to enable policy makers and healthcare providers focus appropriately to close the gaps that exist in cancer screening in our locale. Study design: Cross-sectional design. Setting: Tertiary health facility. Participants: Workers at Delta State University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. Results: Females had significantly better knowledge of cervical cancer, p
Employing multiple artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms to attack a task...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Practical Considerations of AI: Part 6 -- Ready, fire, aim Deep-learning algorithm bolsters lung cancer detection AI needs robust clinical evaluation in healthcare Deep-learning model characterizes PET/CT findings Can AI find brain hemorrhage as well as radiologists?
Future Oncology, Ahead of Print.