Effects of a structured group intervention on obesity among breast cancer survivors.

This study examined the efficacy of a structured group intervention during adjuvant endocrine therapy for obese patients with breast cancer. The intervention involved a combination of proper nutrition, exercise, and group coaching. METHODS: Participants were patients with breast cancer who were undergoing adjuvant endocrine therapy and exhibited apparent weight gain while undergoing therapy, or had a diagnosis of abnormal lipid metabolism. We conducted a single-arm prospective study with a combined intervention. The intervention comprised 15 min of nutrition education, a 30-min group health coaching program, and three 45-min group aerobic exercise sessions. We evaluated participants' parameters (e.g., body weight, body mass index [BMI], cholesterol, psychological distress) at baseline, and at 1, 3, and 6 months after the intervention. RESULTS: At 1 month after the intervention, there were significant reductions in body weight (p 
Source: Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Breast Cancer Source Type: research

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Americans consume about 150 pounds of milk and eat nearly 40 pounds of cheese and 20 pounds of ice cream per person per year, according to data from the Department of Agriculture. Yogurt and butter intakes are lower, but growing. But should the dairy we’re consuming be low-fat or full-fat? That debate has become increasingly divisive, and for good reason: not all dairy is created equal. Dairy fat and cardiovascular disease Some of the most substantial dairy research has been done in the context of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, which has been shown, among other benefits, to reduce blood pres...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Cancer Diet and Weight Loss Health Healthy Eating Heart Health Source Type: blogs
This study aims to examine the association of C100T genotypes and serum lipid levels with plasma drug levels in patients. Plasma tamoxifen concentration was positively associated with serum triglyceride concentration, adjusting for age and C100T genotype. Overweight (body mass index>24.0) patients with high serum cholesterol (≥200 mg/dL) had increased risks of ineffective endoxifen levels (
Source: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology - Category: Toxicology Authors: Tags: Toxicol Appl Pharmacol Source Type: research
438Objectives: Brown adipose tissue (BAT) plays a key role in energy homeostasis, conferring protection against diet-induced obesity, and has even been suggested as a potential target for the treatment of obesity and metabolic syndrome. The purpose of this study was to compare the metabolic outcomes (lipid profile and diabetes) of patients with and without BAT activity on FDG PET/CT, which remains the golden standard for visualization of BAT. Methods: PET/CT exams from 1834 breast cancer patients were retrospectively reviewed for bilateral symmetric elongated FDG activity in the neck and chest, typical of BAT activation. B...
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: NETs, BAT and All That Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: A large proportion of women experience several comorbidities, highlighting the need to address the chronic non-communicable disease epidemic in SA and to co-ordinate multidisciplinary primary-, secondary- and tertiary-level care in the country's complex healthcare system for better outcome. PMID: 31084693 [PubMed - in process]
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
Conclusions Two, Not Mutually Exclusive, Hypotheses We have reviewed and organized the literature with the intent of showing the existing parallels between excessive fat accumulation and the aging process. We have categorized these reports following what have been proposed to be the nine hallmarks of aging (21) (Figure 1). Based on the evidence, two distinct hypotheses can be proposed. One is that the cellular responses provoked by an excess of nutrients cause obesity, and that obesity is responsible for accelerating the pace of aging. Supporting this hypothesis are the observations that knocking out the fat-specific ins...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusion The periconceptional environment and lifestyle factors modify sperm epigenome. This alteration might be maintained in the zygote and throughout development, thereby leading to the inheritance of newly acquired pathologies. The role of sperm miRNA, not only as innovative markers of fertility issues but also as vectors involved in the inheritance of paternal diseases, appears to be crucial. Overweight and obesity seem to alter sperm miRNA profile, thereby leading to transmission of different miRNA profiles in zygote, with consequences on embryo development. In long term, metabolic disorders have been described in...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Dan Hu1†, Meijin Zhang2†, Hejun Zhang1, Yan Xia1, Jinxiu Lin2, Xiongwei Zheng1, Feng Peng2* and Wenquan Niu3* 1Department of Pathology, Fujian Cancer Hospital &Fujian Medical University Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou, China 2Department of Cardiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China 3Institute of Clinical Medical Sciences, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China Background and Objectives: Growing evidence indicates that metabolic syndrome confers a differential risk for the development and progression of many types of cancer, especially in the digestive tr...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Ryan R. Kelly1,2†, Lindsay T. McDonald1,2†, Nathaniel R. Jensen1,2, Sara J. Sidles1,2 and Amanda C. LaRue1,2* 1Research Services, Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center, Charleston, SC, United States 2Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, United States The significant biochemical and physiological effects of psychological stress are beginning to be recognized as exacerbating common diseases, including osteoporosis. This review discusses the current evidence for psychological stress-associated mental health disorders as risk factors for os...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Lilly Rocha was 37 years old in 2008 when she began having strange symptoms. When people asked her questions, she knew the answers but couldn’t articulate them. A tingling sensation on her left breast became painful. She thought she might have breast cancer, but her doctor assured her she was just experiencing stress from her demanding job. Her symptoms continued to get worse, and doctors continued to dismiss her. Three months later, at work, she became seriously ill. Luckily, her boss recognized the symptoms—chest and jaw pain and numbness in her left hand—and drove her to the nearest emergency room, whe...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized heart health Source Type: news
The headlines are once again filled with advice to reduce egg and cholesterol consumption based on a study that found an association of egg and cholesterol consumption with increased risk for cardiovascular events. Sounds scary and persuasive, doesn’t it? After all, nearly 30,000 people were tracked over 17 years and the authors authoritatively declare that this proves that eggs and cholesterol are risk factors for heart disease. There are several problems with this assessment. It is emblematic of the studies that confuse people, yield wildly conflicting conclusions, are used to craft absurd and ineffective dietary g...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: News & Updates cholesterol eggs grain-free saturated fat undoctored wheat belly Source Type: blogs
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