Relationship between accessibility and resources to treat acute ischemic stroke. Hokkaido, Japan: Analysis of inequality and coverage using geographic information systems

ConclusionsCombining Gini coefficient and GIS network analysis in accessibility can be useful in quantifying and monitoring variation by region. We propose this combination as a new method for helping the government to make evidence-based healthcare planning.
Source: Health Policy and Technology - Category: Health Management Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 4 November 2019Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Atilla Özcan Özdemir, Ezgi Sezer Eryıldız, Fatma Ger Akarsu, Zehra Uysal Kocabaş, Özlem AykaçAbstractThe Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score (ASPECTs) on noncontrast CT (NCCT) is widely used for the decision of endovascular therapy (ET) in randomized controlled trials. CT angiography source images (CTA-SI) is another method to evaluate ischemic brain damage. We aimed to evaluate the association between pretreatment ASPECTs on CTA-SI and post-treatment clinical and radiological out...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusion: This case exemplifies the potential of tenecteplase in achieving swift reperfusion in patients with large vessel occlusion associated with a substantial mismatch penumbral pattern.
Source: The Neurologist - Category: Neurology Tags: Case Report/Case Series Source Type: research
Imaging protocols for acute ischemic stroke varies significantly from center to center leading to challenges in research translation. We aimed to assess the inter-rater reliability of collateral grading systems derived from dynamic computed tomography angiography (CTA) and an optimized multiphase CTA and, to analyze the association of the two CTA modalities with CT perfusion (CTP) compartments by comparing the accuracy of dynamic CTA (dCTA) and optimized multiphase CTA (omCTA) in identifying CT perfusion (CTP) target mismatch patients. Acute ischemic stroke patients with a proximal large vessel occlusion who underwent whol...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Epilepsy &BehaviorAuthor(s): Giada Pauletto, Francesco Bax, Gian Luigi Gigli, Simone Lorenzut, Lorenzo Verriello, Elisa Corazza, Mariarosaria ValenteAbstractAim of the studyThe aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients with previous stroke (either ischemic or hemorrhagic), who developed status epilepticus (SE) mimicking a stroke relapse.Materials and methodsWe performed a retrospective cohort study of patients brought to hospital by the emergency service between December 2016 and January 2018 with a stroke code as possible candida...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Abstract AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients with previous stroke (either ischemic or hemorrhagic), who developed status epilepticus (SE) mimicking a stroke relapse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients brought to hospital by the emergency service between December 2016 and January 2018 with a stroke code as possible candidates for intravenous thrombolysis and who had already have a previous stroke. Among them, patients admitted for negative symptoms and finally discharged with a diagnosis of SE mimicking stroke...
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
Background: Young individuals with symptomatic carotid webs may be predisposed to ischemic strokes. However, evidence remains scarce. This investigation reports the frequency of carotid webs among patients with cryptogenic strokes compared to a control group. Methods: Consecutive cryptogenic ischemic strokes and trauma patients were identified. Additional inclusion criteria required age 18-60 years and availability of head/neck computed tomography (CT) angiography. CT angiogram (CTA) neck images were evaluated independently by 2 fellowshiptrained specialists.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionStroke CT will continue to increase the out of hours work load for CT departments across the country especially with our ageing population. It is vital that services, particularly in level 3 stroke centres, are adequately equipped in terms of staffing to meet the highest standard of care in the management of acute stroke.
Source: Age and Ageing - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Objectives: Endovascular therapy (EVT) improves outcomes for appropriately selected acute ischemic stroke patients. Guidelines suggest rapid acquisition of noninvasive vascular imaging to screen suspected ischemic stroke patients for large vessel occlusion (LVO) and candidacy for EVT. We sought to quantify the yield of an LVO stroke screening process in an undifferentiated emergency department (ED) suspected stroke population as well as identify predictors of successful EVT. Methods: We identified a cohort of consecutive ED patients who received CT angiography and brain perfusion (CTA/P) imaging to determine candidacy for EVT during 2016.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsAlthough prospective study of AIS patients at a radiography department is indispensable, CB-CTA performed in an angiography-suite might be useful to evaluate patients with ELVO.
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
We report a case of moyamoya disease with epileptic nystagmus. A 23-year-old woman presented with a headache and transient hemiparesis on her left side. Magnetic resonance imaging showed no ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke lesions. Digital subtraction angiography confirmed stenosis of the terminal portion of the right internal carotid artery and the formation of moyamoya vessels on the right side. 123I-N-isopropyl-iodoamphetamine (123I-IMP) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) showed decreased uptake in the right basal ganglia, frontal, and parietal regions. After electroencephalography (EEG) and a hyperventila...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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