Illustration of a Method to Incorporate Preference Uncertainty in Benefit –Cost Analysis
AbstractBenefit –cost analysis is widely used to evaluate alternative courses of action that are designed to achieve policy objectives. Although many analyses take uncertainty into account, they typically only consider uncertainty about cost estimates and physical states of the world, whereas uncertainty about in dividual preferences, thus the benefit of policy intervention, is ignored. Here, we propose a strategy to integrate individual uncertainty about preferences into benefit–cost analysis usingsocietal preference intervals, which are ranges of values over which it is unclear whether society as a whole should accept or reject an option. To illustrate the method, we use preferences for implementing a smart grid technology to sustain critical electricity demand during a 24 ‐hour regional power blackout on a hot summer weekend. Preferences were elicited from a convenience sample of residents in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. This illustrative example shows that uncertainty in individual preferences, when aggregated to form societal preference intervals, can substant ially change society's decision. We conclude with a discussion of where preference uncertainty comes from, how it might be reduced, and why incorporating unresolved preference uncertainty into benefit–cost analyses can be important.
Authors: Shabataev V, Saadat SH, Elterman DS Abstract The two major long-term concerns associated with different options for the management of prostate cancer, (including surgery, radiotherapy, brachytherapy, cryotherapy, HIFU, etc.) include difficulties with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and/or erectile dysfunction. LUTS can be in the form of stress urinary incontinence (SUI), urge urinary incontinence (UUI), frequency/urgency, and/or voiding difficulties. While surgery is mostly associated with SUI and radiation mostly results in UUI, there can be an overlap. Incontinence rates after cryotherapy and high in...
Authors: Magee DE, Singal RK Abstract Our objective is to provide an up-to-date summary of current literature on the indications for androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), ways in which ADT is used, and the main side effects associated with its use. MEDLINE (Pubmed) was searched for relevant papers published from database inception to May 1, 2019 for studies evaluating the use of ADT and its associated adverse events. ADT is a mainstay in the treatment of prostate cancer and is used throughout the disease course. While predominantly used in the metastatic setting, ADT has a role in the treatment of localized disease a...
Authors: Law KW, Nguyen DD, Barkin J, Zorn KC Abstract Prostate cancer screening remains highly controversial in medicine. The College of Family Physicians of Canada currently endorses positions that recommend against prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening in men of all ages, while the Canadian Urological Association recommends shared and informed decision making for PSA screening in men 50-70 years old. Unfortunately, these opposing stances have left Family Physicians responsible for interpreting the appropriate course of action for their patients. Recent studies demonstrating an increase in incidence of metast...
Authors: Barkin J PMID: 32101693 [PubMed - in process]
Org. Biomol. Chem., 2020, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/D0OB00260G, PaperBo-Shun Huang, Todd L Lowary Reported is the first stereoselective method for β-xylulofuranosylation, which employs 3,4-O-xylylene-protected thioglycoside donors. For most acceptors, the best results were observed with a donor (8) that possesses both the xylylene... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Org. Biomol. Chem., 2020, Advance Article DOI: 10.1039/D0OB00048E, PaperHai-Feng Yao, Fang-Hui Li, Jian Li, Shun-Yi Wang, Shun-Jun Ji A highly efficient iron(III) chloride-promoted cyclization between α,β-alkynic tosylhydrazones and diselenides to form a 4-(arylselanyl)-1H-pyrazole skeleton is studied. To cite this article before page numbers are assigned, use the DOI form of citation above. The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Conclusion: Feeling healthy may exacerbate barriers to ART initiation. Strategies to reach healthy clients are needed, such as chronic care models, differentiated models of care that minimize disruptions to daily activities, and community sensitization on the benefits of early initiation. PMID: 32098595 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: Available online 28 February 2020Source: Journal of Theoretical BiologyAuthor(s): Anna Konstorum, Lia Tesfay, Bibbin T Paul, Frank M. Torti, Reinhard C. Laubenbacher, Suzy V. Torti
Authors: Famakinde DO Abstract With the advent of CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat)-based gene drive, present genetic research in schistosomiasis vector control envisages the breeding and release of transgenic schistosome-resistant (TSR) snail vectors to curb the spread of the disease. Although this approach is still in its infancy, studies focussing on production of genetically modified (GM) mosquitoes (including gene-drive mosquitoes) are well advanced and set the pace for other transgenic vector research. Unfortunately, as with other GM mosquitoes, open field release of gene-drive...
[263Chat] Government has challenged Chegutu District Hospital staffers to change attitude and improve hygiene standards at the medical centre.
More News: International Medicine & Public Health