The Frontiers of Uncertainty Estimation in Interdisciplinary Disaster Research and Practice

AbstractConceptualizing, assessing, and managing disaster risks involve collecting and synthesizing pluralistic information —from natural, built, and human systems—to characterize disaster impacts and guide policy on effective resilience investments. Disaster research and practice, therefore, are highly complex and inherently interdisciplinary endeavors. Characterizing the uncertainties involved in interdisciplinary disaster research is imperative, since misrepresenting uncertainty can lead to myopic decisions and suboptimal societal outcomes. Efficacious disaster mitigation should, therefore, explicitly address the uncertainties associated with all stages of hazard modeling, preparation, and response. However, uncertainty assessment and communication in the context of interdisciplinary disaster research remain understudied. In this “Perspective” article, we argue that in harnessing interdisciplinary methods and diverse data types in disaster research, careful deliberations on assessingType III andType IV errors are imperative. Additionally, we discuss the pathologies in frequentist approaches, calling for an increasing role for Bayesian methods in uncertainty estimations. Moreover, we discuss the potential tradeoffs associated with information and uncertainty, calling for deliberate consideration of the role of diversity of information prior to setting the scope in interdisciplinary modeling. Future research guided by further reflections on the ideas ...
Source: Risk Analysis - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Perspective Source Type: research

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Source: HNO - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research
Authors: Hoffmann TK PMID: 32060569 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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Authors: Mantsopoulos K, Bär B, Iro H PMID: 32060568 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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Source: Arkansas Business - Health Care - Category: American Health Source Type: news
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Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
AbstractInternet gambling has been widely legalised in recognition of its capacity to, and the importance of, providing consumer protection tools to prevent and minimise gambling-related harms. Most licensed Internet gambling sites are required to provide consumer protection tools, including activity statements, deposit limits, and time-outs (temporary self-exclusion). However, few Internet gambling customers engage with the tools. An online survey of 564 customers of Australian Internet gambling sites aimed to understand the extent to which consumer protection tools are used, characteristics of those using these tools, an...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
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Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
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Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
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Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
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