The Practical Significance of Measurement Error in Pulmonary Function Testing Conducted in Research Settings

AbstractConventional spirometry produces measurement error by using repeatability criteria (RC) to discard acceptable data and terminating tests early when RC are met. These practices also implicitly assume that there is no variation across maneuvers within each test. This has implications for air pollution regulations that rely on pulmonary function tests to determine adverse effects or set standards. We perform a Monte Carlo simulation of 20,902 tests of forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), each with eight maneuvers, for an individual with empirically obtained, plausibly normal pulmonary function. Default coefficients of variation for inter ‐ and intratest variability (3% and 6%, respectively) are employed. Measurement error is defined as the difference between results from the conventional protocol and an unconstrained, eight‐maneuver alternative. In the default model, average measurement error is shown to be ∼5%. The minimum di fference necessary for statistical significance atp
Source: Risk Analysis - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

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Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Respiratory function technologists/scient. Source Type: research
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Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Monitoring airway disease Source Type: research
Yafei Tan1,2, Omer Van den Bergh2, Jiang Qiu1* and Andreas von Leupoldt2* 1Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing, China 2Health Psychology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium Dyspnea is a prevalent interoceptive sensation and the aversive cardinal symptom in many cardiorespiratory diseases as well as in mental disorders. Especially the unpredictability of the occurrence of dyspnea episodes has been suggested to be highly anxiety provoking for affected patients. Moreover, previous studies demonstrated that unpredictable exteroceptive stimuli increased self-reports and electrophysiological responses of an...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Mario Malerba1,2*, Valentina Foci1,2, Filippo Patrucco1,2, Patrizia Pochetti1,2, Matteo Nardin3, Corrado Pelaia4 and Alessandro Radaeli5 1Respiratory Medicine, Department of Translational Medicine, University of Eastern Piedmont, Vercelli, Italy 2Respiratory Unit, Sant’Andrea Hospital, Vercelli, Italy 3Department of Medicine, Spedali Civili di Brescia, Brescia, Italy 4Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Section of Respiratory Diseases, University “Magna Græcia” of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy 5Department of Emergency, Spedali Civili di Brescia, Brescia, Italy Chronic obstructiv...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Physiological Measurement - Category: Physiology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research
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