American College of Sports Medicine Roundtable Report on Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Cancer Prevention and Control

Conclusions Collectively, there is consistent, compelling evidence that physical activity plays a role in preventing many types of cancer and for improving longevity among cancer survivors, although the evidence related to higher risk of melanoma demonstrates the importance of sun safe practices while being physically active. Together, these findings underscore the importance of physical activity in cancer prevention and control. Fitness and public health professionals and health care providers worldwide are encouraged to spread the message to the general population and cancer survivors to be physically active as their age, abilities, and cancer status will allow.
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: SPECIAL COMMUNICATIONS Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 11 November 2019Source: Trends in Pharmacological SciencesAuthor(s): Bushu Dong, Alex M. Jaeger, Dennis J. ThieleThe ability of cancer cells to cope with stressful conditions is critical for their survival, proliferation, and metastasis. The heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1) protects cells from stresses such as chemicals, radiation, and temperature. These properties of HSF1 are exploited by a broad spectrum of cancers, which exhibit high levels of nuclear, active HSF1. Functions for HSF1 in malignancy extend well beyond its central role in protein quality control. While HSF1 has be...
Source: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 November 2019Source: International Journal of PharmaceuticsAuthor(s): Mahsa Shahriari, Seyed Mohammad Taghdisi, Khalil Abnous, Mohammad Ramezani, Mona AlibolandiAbstractIn the current research, the synthesis of polysaccharide-based polymersomes for targeted delivery of doxorubicin is reported. To this aim, doxorubicin was encapsulated in aqueous compartment of hyaluronan-polycaprolactone polymersomes via nanoprecipitation method. Then the therapeutic index of the prepared formulation was studied in metastatic breast cancer model in vitro and in vivo.The size of obtained polymersomes wa...
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 November 2019Source: International Journal of PharmaceuticsAuthor(s): Anirban Jana, Pankhuri Narula, Archana Chugh, Ritu KulshreshthaAbstractThe levels of microRNAs (miRNAs) are altered in various diseases including glioblastoma (GBM) and this alteration may have widespread effects on various hallmarks of cancer cells. MiR210 is overexpressed in GBM and functions as an oncogenic miRNA. Anti-miR210 therapy holds great promise but its efficient delivery remains a major challenge. Our work here explores a novel role of Tachyplesin (Tpl), a cell-penetrating antimicrobial peptide, as a nano...
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionOur result indicated miR-195 suppresses cyclin D1 and Cdc42 to inhibit EC cell proliferation, and Cdc42 may via regulating both cyclin D1-dependent and independent pathways to control EC cell proliferation.
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe effects of PLB in endocrine-resistant breast cancer cells is dependent on NQO1’s activity.Graphical Abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study aims to determine if a disparity in BR utilization exists in women from Appalachia Kentucky. Methods A retrospective, population-based cohort study was conducted from January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2015. The Kentucky Cancer Registry was queried to identify population-level data for female patients diagnosed with breast cancer and treated with mastectomy. A multivariate logistic regression model controlling for patient, disease, and treatment characteristics was constructed to predict the likelihood of BR. Results Bivariate testing showed differences (P
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Breast Surgery Source Type: research
This article describes ossification of the corresponding vascular pedicle after soft tissue transfer with the lateral upper arm free flap and microsurgical anastomosis in oral cancer treatment. Similar findings in the context of the lateral upper arm free flap have never been reported in the literature; however, it is important for surgeons to know that pedicle ossification can occur. This knowledge may be helpful to avoid erroneous diagnosis of the ossification as a sign of tumor relapse/recurrence as well as to anticipate potential difficulties in the surgical approach in cases requiring reentry of the reconstructed regi...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Microsurgery Source Type: research
Publication date: 11 November 2019Source: Cancer Cell, Volume 36, Issue 5Author(s): Xue-Yan He, David Ng, Linda Van Aelst, Mikala EgebladStress has long been suspected to negatively influence cancer mortality, yet the molecular mechanisms responsible for this effect have only recently been identified. A new study identifies a stress-induced response in dendritic cells—the activation of the glucocorticoid-inducible transcriptional regulator TSC22D3—as a potent, immunosuppressive effect of stress on cancer.
Source: Cancer Cell - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: 11 November 2019Source: Cancer Cell, Volume 36, Issue 5Author(s): Longchuan Bai, Haibin Zhou, Renqi Xu, Yujun Zhao, Krishnapriya Chinnaswamy, Donna McEachern, Jianyong Chen, Chao-Yie Yang, Zhaomin Liu, Mi Wang, Liu Liu, Hui Jiang, Bo Wen, Praveen Kumar, Jennifer L. Meagher, Duxin Sun, Jeanne A. Stuckey, Shaomeng WangSummarySignal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is an attractive cancer therapeutic target. Here we report the discovery of SD-36, a small-molecule degrader of STAT3. SD-36 potently induces the degradation of STAT3 protein in vitro and in vivo and demonstrates high ...
Source: Cancer Cell - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study is an important step forward in highlighting C1q as a new prognostic candidate biomarker for a range of carcinomas. Methods Oncomine Database Analysis The expression levels of C1QA, C1QB, and C1QC genes in various carcinomas were analyzed using Oncomine (www.oncomine.org), a cancer microarray database and web-based data mining platform from genome-wide expression analyses (22, 23). We compared the differences in mRNA level between normal tissue and carcinoma. The mRNA expression levels in neoplastic tissues compared to the healthy tissues were obtained as the parameters of p-value 2, and gene ranking in the t...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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