Stem Cell Treatment for Ligament Repair and Reconstruction

AbstractPurpose of ReviewWith the rapid and ongoing evolution of regenerative and sports medicine, the use of stem/stromal cells in ligament repair and reconstruction continues to be investigated and grow. The purpose of this review was to assess available methods and formulations for stem/stromal cell augmentation as well as review early pre-clinical and clinical outcomes for these recently emerging techniques.Recent FindingsRecent literature demonstrates promising outcomes of stem/stromal cell augmentation for ligament repair and reconstruction. Multiple groups have published animal models suggesting improved healing for partially transected ligaments as well as histologic re-approximation of native bone-tendon interfaces with the use of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells in reconstructive models. Human studies also suggest improved outcomes spanning from higher patient-reported outcome scores to magnetic resonance imaging evidence of ligament healing in the setting of anterior cruciate ligament tears. However, clinical studies are only recently available, relatively few in number, and not necessarily accompanied by standard-of-care controls.SummaryThere is increasing availability and growing animal and clinical evidence demonstrating potential benefit of stem/stromal cell augmentation for tendon healing. However, to date, there is a relative paucity of high-level human evidence for the routine use of stem/stromal cells for ligament repair and reconstruction in the clinical pra...
Source: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Related Links:

We used multimodal compositional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques, combined with clinical outcomes, to differentiate the alternations of composition in repair cartilage with allogeneic human adipose...
Source: Stem Cell Research and Therapy - Category: Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS In two animal models of knee joint cartilage repair, the use of an ECM scaffold increased the number of bone MSCs and improved the extent of cartilage repair. PMID: 31566195 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
In conclusion, older adults exhibited decreased markers of UPR activation and reduced coordination with autophagy and SC-associated gene transcripts following a single bout of unaccustomed resistance exercise. In contrast, young adults demonstrated strong coordination between UPR genes and key regulatory gene transcripts associated with autophagy and SC differentiation in skeletal muscle post-exercise. Taken together, the present findings suggest a potential age-related impairment in the post-exercise transcriptional response that supports activation of the UPR and coordination with other exercise responsive pathways (i.e....
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, we report the effects of short-term preconditioning of hMSCs via three-dimensional (3D) aggregation on stroke lesion recovery after intra-arterial (IA) transplantation of 3D aggregate-derived hMSCs (Agg-D hMSCs) in a transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) stroke model. Compared with two-dimensional (2D) monolayer culture, Agg-D hMSCs exhibited increased resistance to ischemic stress, secretory function and therapeutic outcome. Short-term preconditioning via 3D aggregation reconfigured hMSC energy metabolism and altered redox cycle, which activated the PI3K/AKT pathway and enhanced resistance to in...
Source: Cytotherapy - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Abstract The aim of this study was to prepare a promising biomaterial for dental pulp tissue repair and regeneration. The ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO)-labeled hydroxyapatite (HA)/silk fibroin (SF) scaffold loaded dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) was designed. The odontogenic differentiation of DPSCs was investigated, and USPIO was used as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent. The results indicated that scaffolds freeze-dried from SF solution with 0.025 mg/mL USPIO and 5 mg/mL HA showed stable physical properties, accurate MRI images, and low cytotoxicity in vitro. The composite scaf...
Source: Biol Sci Space - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl Source Type: research
In this study we show, for the first time, significant alterations in cholesterol efflux capacity in adolescents throughout the range of BMI, a relationship between six circulating adipocyte-derived EVs microRNAs targeting ABCA1 and cholesterol efflux capacity, and in vitro alterations of cholesterol efflux in macrophages exposed to visceral adipose tissue adipocyte-derived EVs acquired from human subjects. These results suggest that adipocyte-derived EVs, and their microRNA content, may play a critical role in the early pathological development of ASCVD. Commentary on the Developing UK Government Position on Hea...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Journal of Neurochemistry - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: The combination of PRP and ADSCs shows an effective potential to restore degenerated intervertebral discs in the rabbit. PMID: 31149318 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cell Research - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 May 2019Source: Materials Science and Engineering: CAuthor(s): Wu Zhang, Yuanyuan Zheng, Haixia Liu, Xiao Zhu, Yongchun Gu, Yong Lan, Jiali Tan, Hao Xu, Rui GuoAbstractThe aim of this study was to prepare a promising biomaterial for dental pulp tissue repair and regeneration. The ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO)-labeled hydroxyapatite (HA)/silk fibroin (SF) scaffold loaded dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) was designed. The odontogenic differentiation of DPSCs was investigated, and USPIO was used as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent. The results indicated that ...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Mark E. Gray1,2*, James Meehan2,3, Paul Sullivan4, Jamie R. K. Marland4, Stephen N. Greenhalgh1, Rachael Gregson1, Richard Eddie Clutton1, Carol Ward2, Chris Cousens5, David J. Griffiths5, Alan Murray4 and David Argyle1 1The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 2Cancer Research UK Edinburgh Centre and Division of Pathology Laboratories, Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 3School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Institute of Sensors, Signals and Systems, Heriot-Watt Univer...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
More News: Gastroschisis Repair | MRI Scan | Orthopaedics | Sports Medicine | Stem Cell Therapy | Stem Cells | Study