Gut Barrier Dysfunction Induced by Aggressive Fluid Resuscitation in Severe Acute Pancreatitis is Alleviated by Necroptosis Inhibition in Rats

This study focused on the underlying mechanisms of gut barrier dysfunction in rats induced by aggressive fluid resuscitation in SAP. This study further indicated the important role of necroptosis in intestinal barrier injury which could be relieved by using necroptosis-specific inhibitor Nec-1 before aggressive fluid resuscitation, thus reducing intestinal barrier damage. We also found pancreas damage after intestinal ischemia/reperfusion challenge and indicated the effects of high mobility group protein B1 in the vicious cycle between SAP and intestinal barrier damage.
Source: Shock - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Online Articles Source Type: research

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Publication date: November 2019Source: Journal of Comparative Pathology, Volume 173Author(s): H. Aupperle-Lellbach, K. Törner, M. Staudacher, E. Müller, K. Steiger, R. KlopfleischSummaryPancreatic carcinomas are rare in dogs and clinical signs are mostly non-specific. The literature on clinically and pathologically characterized canine exocrine pancreatic tumours is limited to 76 cases reported since 1963. This retrospective study analysed formalin-fixed samples of pancreatic carcinomas from 22 dogs, obtained during elective exploratory surgery (n = 16) or if the dog was humanely destroyed (n =&nbs...
Source: Journal of Comparative Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Conclusions: EUS-SWM provides an objective assessment and can be an alternative diagnostic tool for diagnosing CP. EUS-SWM may also be useful for predicting the presence of endocrine dysfunction. PMID: 31722469 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Gut and Liver - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gut Liver Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica BAuthor(s): Puvanesswaray Ramakrishnan, Wei Mee Loh, Subash C.B. Gopinath, Srinivasa Reddy Bonam, Ismail M. Fareez, Rhanye Mac Guad, Maw Shin Sim, Yuan Seng WuAbstractActivated pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) have been widely accepted as a key precursor of excessive pancreatic fibrosis, which is a crucial hallmark of chronic pancreatitis (CP) and its formidable associated disease, pancreatic cancer (PC). Hence, anti-fibrotic therapy has been identified as a novel therapeutic strategy for treating CP and PC by targeting PSCs. Most of the a...
Source: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
FRIDAY, Nov. 15, 2019 -- A history of a clinically resolved, single event of acute pancreatitis in childhood is associated with an increased risk for diabetes during young adulthood, according to a study published online Nov. 6 in Diabetes...
Source: - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
In this study, we conducted a prospective long-term follow-up evaluation of the efficacy of the novel FCSEMS for the treatment of refractory benign pancreatic duct strictures in patients with CP.
Source: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
Because of the variable clinical features of acute pancreatitis, it is difficult to make a differential diagnosis in patients presenting with abdominal pain in emergency departments. Acute pancreatitis due to severe hypertriglyceridemia during pregnancy is rare but due to the increased risk of maternal and fetal mortality, diagnosis and treatment options should be known and should be performed in the emergency department, which is the first admission site.In this case report, we present a 20-year-old woman with 19 weeks pregnant who presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain and whose biochemistry parameters...
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractObjectiveAlthough gastrointestinal dysfunction is common in patients with acute pancreatitis, its impact on the outcome of disease has not been adequately studied. The present study was conducted to study the frequency of gastrointestinal failure (GIF) as well as its effect on outcome in patients with acute pancreatitis.MethodsPatients with acute pancreatitis admitted in our unit were prospectively studied. Gastrointestinal dysfunction and intra-abdominal pressures were measured daily till their resolution, and gastrointestinal failure score was calculated. Baseline parameters including various severity scores were...
Source: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe study suggested that hub genes EGFR, CDH1, ACTB, CD44, and VCL may play vital role in the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis and may serve as potential biomarkers to facilitate future acute pancreatitis diagnosis and treatment.
Source: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Authors: Savaş Şen Z, Taşar MA, Demirel Kaya F, Güneş A, Vezir E, Hızarcıoğlu Gülşen H Abstract Cryptosporidium spp. is one of the leading causes of parasitic diarrhea. It is the most common parasite in humans all over the world with Giardia. Cryptosporidium is an important cause of chronic diarrhea in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) patients. Patients with normal immune system may have an asymptomatic course or clinical presentation such as acute watery diarrhea without blood and persistent diarrhea. The severity and duration of the disease may be a re...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
We report a case of scrotal swelling as the first sign of unrecognized severe necrotizing pancreatitis with a fatal outcome. PMID: 31707415 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Saudi Medical Journal - Category: Middle East Health Tags: Saudi Med J Source Type: research
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