Prevalence of the risk factors for cardiometabolic disease among firefighters in the Western Cape province of South Africa.

Prevalence of the risk factors for cardiometabolic disease among firefighters in the Western Cape province of South Africa. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2019 Sep;59(9):1577-1583 Authors: Achmat G, Leach L, Onagbiye SO Abstract BACKGROUND: Cardiometabolic disease (CMD) risk factors have reached epidemic proportions, with many people at risk of premature disability and death. There is insufficient data regarding the prevalence of CMD risk factors among firefighters in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of CMD risk factors among South African firefighters in the Western Cape Province. Additional outcomes were to determine the relationship between BMI and CMD risk factors among firefighters. METHODS: A total of 219 healthy male firefighters with mean age 37.8±9.80 years volunteered to participate in the study. Anthropometric (ISAK protocol compliant) and physiological variables (ACSM protocol compliant) were assessed. Descriptive statistics, such as mean, standard deviation and percentages were used to examine the CMD risk factors prevalence among the participants. RESULTS: Based on the BMI categorization, majority (42.5%) of the participants were obese, 17.4% were overweight, 39.7% had a normal BMI, while 0.5% were underweight. The participants with systolic prehypertension were 45.7%, while 14.2% were hypertensive. Furthermore, 39.3% were prediabetic, 18.3% were diabetic, while 1.4...
Source: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sports Med Phys Fitness Source Type: research

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