Pharmacodynamics of ClpP Activating Antibiotic Combinations against Gram-Positive Pathogens.

Pharmacodynamics of ClpP Activating Antibiotic Combinations against Gram-Positive Pathogens. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2019 Oct 14;: Authors: Mroue N, Arya A, Brown Gandt A, Russell C, Han A, Gavrish E, LaFleur M Abstract It is often difficult to cure endocarditis, osteomyelitis, and device-associated infections caused by Gram-positive pathogens, despite therapy with clinically appropriate antibiotics. This may be due to antibiotic tolerance or resistance development. Acyldepsipeptides are a class of bactericidal compounds active against a variety of clinically important Gram-positive bacteria, including staphylococci, streptococci, and enterococci. ADEPs activate the ClpP protease, killing high-density, non-dividing cultures of bacteria, tolerant to approved classes of antibiotics. Acyldepsipeptide analog 4 (ADEP4) was active against a panel of drug resistant Gram-positive pathogens in MIC assays with no pre-existing resistance detected. Killing of stationary phase cultures was observed when ADEP4 was combined with multiple classes of approved antibiotics. Additionally, a hollow-fiber infection model was used to assess the effects of ADEP4 antibiotic combinations on bacterial killing and resistance development. These studies were performed on high-density cultures of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA), and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis (VRE). None of the approved antibiotics linezolid, ampici...
Source: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Antimicrob Agents Chemother Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThe delay in surgical resection of StageIIIa NSCLC is not associated increased early mortality, however it is associated with worse 3-year post-resection survival.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusion. The hexane extract of L. apiculata leaves showed the lower MIC against S. aureus when compared with extracts obtained from other parts of the plant. The growth curve and the colonies count suggest a bacteriostatic activity of the L. apiculata leaves extract against Staphylococcus aureus. PMID: 31737073 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Int J Microbiol Source Type: research
Microbial Drug Resistance, Ahead of Print.
Source: Microbial Drug Resistance - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe results of the present investigation demonstrated significant variations in the antioxidant, antimicrobial and antiproliferative effects of different solvent extracts. These data could be helpful in isolation of pure potent compounds with good biological activities from the extracts of plants.
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Van Slambrouck J, Vlasselaers J, Devos B Abstract Peritoneal tuberculosis is a rare extrapulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis. Considering the diagnosis of peritoneal tuberculosis in a low prevalence setting can be vital for the further clinical management in selected patients.In a young male with migration background, presenting with generalised abdominal pain, computed tomography revealed ascites, omental and peritoneal thickening and enlarged mesentery lymph nodes. Computed tomography also revealed a distal ureteral calculus at the right vesico-ureteral junction. Diagnostic laparoscopy showed a nodul...
Source: Acta Chirurgica Belgica - Category: Surgery Tags: Acta Chir Belg Source Type: research
This study aimed to analyze the early and mid-term outcomes of aortic valve replacement with bovine pericardium in the treatment of aortic valve regurgitation.From January 2015 to March 2018, 36 patients (19 men; mean ± standard deviation [SD] age, 46.70 ± 16.60 years) underwent aortic valve replacement with bovine pericardium. The bovine pericardium was intraoperatively measured and shaped using an Ozaki template, according to the shape and size of the individual patient's aortic valve leaflets. Additional procedures were performed, including ventricular septal defect repair in 5 cases, mitral valve reconstr...
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Heart J Source Type: research
We report a case of MCL with hyperleukocytosis that developed fatal hyperkalemia after a single low initiation dose of venetoclax.Case report: A 72-year-old man with known MCL was admitted for hyperkalemia and anemia (Hgb = 6.6 g/dL, K+ =9.6 mmol/L). Repeated K+ measurements and clinical evaluation were consistent with pseudohyperkalemia. The patient's lymphocyte count had risen from 15.2 to 466.8 K/uL in the preceding 1.5 months despite 8 cycles of ibrutinib. Based on the results of a recent phase 2 study Venetoclax was added; after a single very low initiation dose of venetoclax the patient developed fatal ...
Source: Journal of Chemotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Chemother Source Type: research
Authors: Feng Y, Liu H, Ding Y, Zhang Y, Liao C, Jin Y, Ai C Abstract PURPOSE: To prospectively investigate changes in quantitative parameters of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in patients with cervical cancer before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT). METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with cervical cancer underwent DCE-MRI and DWI 1 week before and 4 weeks after NACT. The patients were classified into 2 groups: significant reaction (sCR) group and the non-sCR group. DCE-MRI parameters and ADC va...
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Tumori Source Type: research
Conditions:   Gynecologic Cancer;   Chemotherapy-Induced Change Interventions:   Device: Scalp cooling Paxman Orbis II system;   Other: Standard treatment Sponsor:   The University of Hong Kong Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Abstract To date, there has been little experience in using fosfomycin in children. However, its broad spectrum of action and excellent safety profile have renewed interest in this antibiotic, especially for treating infections by multidrug-resistant bacteria. The main indication for fosfomycin in pediatrics is currently community-acquired lower urinary tract infection. Given its good activity against bacteria, fosfomycin can also be useful in urinary infections caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing enterobacteria. Fosfomycin presents very good dissemination to tissues including bone and is therefor...
Source: Revista Espanola de Quimioterapia - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Rev Esp Quimioter Source Type: research
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