Anterograde trafficking signals in GABAA subunits are required for functional expression.

Anterograde trafficking signals in GABAA subunits are required for functional expression. Channels (Austin). 2019 Dec;13(1):440-454 Authors: Nuwer JL, Fleck MW Abstract Pentameric GABAA receptors are composed from 19 possible subunits. The GABAA β subunit is unique because the β1 and β3 subunits can assemble and traffic to the cell surface as homomers, whereas most of the other subunits, including β2, are heteromers. The intracellular domain (ICD) of the GABAA subunits has been implicated in targeting and clustering GABAA receptors at the plasma membrane. Here, we sought to test whether and how the ICD is involved in functional expression of the β3 subunit. Since θ is the most homologous to β but does not form homomers, we created two reciprocal chimeric subunits, swapping the ICD between the β3 and θ subunits, and expressed them in HEK293 cells. Surface expression was detected with immunofluorescence and functional expression was quantified using whole-cell patch-clamp recording with fast perfusion. Results indicate that, unlike β3, neither the β3/θIC nor the θ/β3IC chimera can traffic to the plasma membrane when expressed alone; however, when expressed in combination with either wild-type α3 or β3, the β3/θIC chimera was functionally expressed. This suggests that the ICD of α3 and β3 each contain essential anterograde trafficking signals that are r...
Source: Channels - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Channels (Austin) Source Type: research

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