The oncological and surgical safety of robot-assisted surgery in colorectal cancer: outcomes of a longitudinal prospective cohort study

ConclusionRACRS is safe in the treatment of patients with stage I –III colorectal cancer. Oncological outcome did not differ between RACRS and LCRS groups. RACRS had lower conversion and intra-operative complication rates.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Related Links:

No abstract available
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Viewpoints Source Type: research
This study was conducted in a tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: All consecutive patients undergoing redo pelvic surgery after low anterior resection for rectal cancer between January 2005 and March 2018 were included. INTERVENTIONS: Redo surgery was divided into redo anastomosis and intersphincteric completion proctectomy. Transanal minimally invasive surgery procedures since November 2014 were compared with the conventional approach. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary end points were procedural characteristics and 90-day major complications. RESULTS: In total, 104 patients underwent redo surgery; 47 received a r...
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Contributions: Colorectal Cancer Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of the pelvic floor defect caused by extralevator abdominoperineal excision poses a challenge for the surgeon. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the long-term perineal wound complications in patients undergoing conventional primary closure versus biological mesh–assisted repair after extralevator abdominoperineal excision. DESIGN: This was a single-institution retrospective observational study. SETTINGS: The study was conducted at a tertiary academic medical center. PATIENTS: Patients with low advanced rectal cancer undergoing extralevator abdominoperineal excisi...
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Contributions: Colorectal Cancer Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Video Vignette Source Type: research
This study aimed to compare the performance of two lymph node revealing solutions.MethodsThis randomized clinical trial (NTC02704988) investigated patients with colon or rectal cancer who underwent surgical resection with D2 lymphadenectomy. Specimens submitted for conventional pathological examination were randomly assigned for additional fixation with Carnoy or GEWF solution, and dissection was performed to examine the missed lymph nodes. The number of lymph nodes retrieved, additional identified metastatic lymph nodes, lymph node upstaging, and complementary indication of adjuvant therapy were investigated.ResultsThe nu...
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionsMale gender, diffuse peritonitis, positive lymph nodes, type of surgeon and postoperative anastomotic dehiscence significantly influence recurrence of  colorectal cancer in this series.
Source: Techniques in Coloproctology - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsAn 11-point modified frailty index as measured in NSQIP correlates with readmissions after colorectal resection in patients with colon and rectal cancer.
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 November 2019Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Can Yi, Chao Huang, Huan Wang, Chen Wang, Lijuan Dong, Xiuli Gu, Xianhong Feng, Bifeng ChenAbstractCYP24A1, an essential gene in regulation of vitamin D, has been reported to play an important role in enhancing immune activity and inhibiting tumorigenesis. Previous studies proposed that rs2585428, rs4809960, rs6022999 and rs6068816 in CYP24A1 gene might be greatly associated with cancer risk. To validate the findings, we here investigated the associations of these four polymorphisms and colorectal cancer (CRC) risk in a c...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
This study aims to assess long-term outcomes of emergency versus elective CRC surgery.MethodsSingle-center retrospective cohort study. Patients undergoing emergency or elective CRC surgery from July 2002 to January 2013 were included. Primary outcome was 5-year survival, secondary outcomes were in-hospital mortality and local tumor recurrence.ResultsOverall, 475 patients were included. Median age was 69.0 (IQR 59.0 –77.0) years. A total of 141 patients (30%) were operated for rectal cancer and 334 patients (70%) for colon cancer. Median follow-up was 445 (IQR 67–1409) days. Emergency resection was performed in ...
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
We examined the relation of cardiorespiratory fitness to colorectal cancer in 59,191 UK Biobank participants aged 39 –70 years without prevalent cancer at baseline, followed from 2009 to 2014. Submaximal bicycle ergometry was conducted at study entry, and cardiorespiratory fitness was defined as physical work capacity at 75% of the maximum heart rate, standardised to body mass (PWC75%). Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression was performed to obtain hazard ratios (HR) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI). During a mean follow-up of 4.6  years, 232 participants developed colorectal cance...
Source: European Journal of Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
More News: Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Colon Cancer | Colorectal Cancer | Endoscopy | Laparoscopy | Lower Endoscopy | Minimally Invasive Surgery | Rectal Cancers | Study | Surgery