AAFP Query Prompts CMS Order on Pneumococcal Vaccine Denial

In response to AAFP concerns that some physicians'Medicare claims for administering pneumococcal vaccinations have been denied, CMS has instructed Medicare contractors to cease local pneumococcal vaccination frequency edits.
Source: AAFP News - Category: Primary Care Source Type: news

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Condition:   Pneumonia, Pneumococcal Interventions:   Drug: pPCV;   Biological: Pneumovax™23 Sponsor:   Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Objectives: To perform a comprehensive description of the epidemiology of Streptococcus pyogenes invasive disease in the pediatric population in 2 regions of Spain (Catalonia and Gipuzkoa) through 12 years. Methods: All S. pyogenes isolates causing invasive disease in pediatric patients between 2005 and 2016 were included. The emm-type and the presence of 13 exotoxin genes (speA, speB, speC, speF, speG, speH, speI, speJ, speK, speL, speM, smeZ, ssa and slo) were determined in all 93 available isolates and the Multi Locus Sequece Typing in 10% of isolates of each different emm-type. Results: Overall, 103 cases of S....
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
Background: The impact of universal 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine immunization on pediatric empyema rates and pathogens in Australia is not known. We aimed to describe empyema epidemiology, clinical characteristics and treatment during an 8-year period. Methods: A retrospective study between 2011 and 2018 of empyema cases admitted to a large pediatric referral hospital, for management with either pleural drainage and fibrinolytics or surgical intervention. Results: There were 195 cases in 8 years. Empyema incidence and ICU admission rates significantly increased during the study with a peak incidence of ...
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
Rosemol Varghese, Balaji Veeraraghavan, Yuvraj Jeyaraman, Girish Kumar, Narendra Kumar Arora, S BalasubramanianIndian Journal of Medical Microbiology 2019 37(2):141-146 India is one among the four Asian countries with the greatest number of deaths due to pneumococcal infection among children under 5 years. pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) has been introduced in a phased manner in five major Indian states. Ambiguity remains in choosing the appropriate type of PCV and optimum schedule with maximum effectiveness specific for each country. Here, we discuss the evidences with respect to serotype coverage, immunogenicity, r...
Source: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Pediatric pneumococcal pneumonia complicated by parapneumonic pleural effusion/empyema (PPE/PE) remains a major concern despite general immunization with pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs). METHODS: In a nationwide pediatric hospital surveillance study in Germany we identified 584 children
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
PMID: 31733945 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Authors: İşeri Nepesov M, Dinleyici M, Kılıç Ö, Ceyhan M, Gürler N, Dinleyici EÇ Abstract Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of bacterial meningitis in children. It can progress and carries a serious risk of mortality and morbidity despite effective treatment. Cochlear implantation is a fairly successful procedure for restoring hearing in cases of sensorineural hearing loss. Moreover, patients with cochlear implants are at increased risk of contracting pneumococcal meningitis compared to the general population. The development of meningitis is associated with pathogens in the midd...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
While the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) is routinely used in Canada and some other countries to prevent pneumococcal infection in adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD), patients deve...
Source: BMC Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
ConclusionThe lack of evidence-based gold standards for the diagnosis of SAD represents a challenge in clinical practice. In our cohort, we confirmed the insufficient correlation between different methods of specific PPV response measurement, and showed that theS. typhi Vi response was not contributive. Caution in the interpretation of results is warranted until more reliable diagnostic methods can be validated.
Source: Journal of Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract Introduction: Antibiotics are routinely given to people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) presenting with lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) symptoms in primary care. Population prescribing habits and their consequences have not been well-described. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of antibiotic prescriptions for non-pneumonic exacerbations of COPD from 2010 to 2015 using the UK primary care Optimum Patient Care Research Database. As a proxy of initial treatment failure, second antibiotic prescriptions for LRTI or all indications within 14 days were the primary and...
Source: Respiratory Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: BMJ Open Respir Res Source Type: research
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