Greater Bone Marrow Adiposity Predicts Bone Loss in Older Women

In conclusion, we found greater BMAT is associated with greater loss of trabecular bone at the spine and femoral neck, and greater loss of spine compressive strength, in older women.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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Partial capitate shortening is a decompression procedure for the treatment of positive or neutral ulnar variance Kienbock disease. In 45% to 73% of population, the lunate has a separate hamate facet which is also known as a type II lunate. We hypothesized that capitate shortening alone may not ensure adequate decompression of type II lunate, therefore, an added hamate shortening was performed aiming at a better distal unloading in these situations. Thirty Kienbock patients, stage II, type II lunate, and ulna positive or neutral variance, were recruited in this study, Half of which underwent an isolated partial capitate ost...
Source: Techniques in Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Novel Research Methods and Models Source Type: research
Conclusion. rs11190870 in LBX1, a strong susceptibility SNP for AIS, may also be a susceptibility SNP for ASD. Thus, ASD and AIS may share a common genetic background. Level of Evidence: 4
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: BASIC SCIENCE Source Type: research
Study Design. Retrospective study. Objective. To compare syrinx characteristics, scoliotic parameters, and neurological deficits between Chiari I malformation (CIM) and idiopathic syringomyelia (IS) in the scoliotic population. Summary of Background Data. CIM and IS are common in neuromuscular scoliosis patients; however, differences in syrinx characteristics, scoliotic parameters, and neurological deficits between CIM and IS are unclear. Methods. Thirty-six patients with scoliosis secondary to CIM were enrolled retrospectively and matched with 36 IS patients for sex, age, scoliosis classification, and Cobb angl...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: DEFORMITY Source Type: research
Study Design. A retrospective cohort, radiographic study. Objective. The aim of this study was to compare the progression of scoliosis owing to single hemivertebra (HV) during early childhood, according to the anteroposterior discordance obtained from the three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) studies. Summary of Background Data. Previous studies have utilized 3D-CT for the classification of congenital spinal deformities and have introduced the concept of two types of deformity: unison and discordant anomalies. However, there have been no further studies on the clinical significance of these discordant defor...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: DEFORMITY Source Type: research
Conclusion. Patients with higher BMI had lower preoperative PROMIS PF scores and experienced similar improvement in PROMIS PF scores in the postoperative period. This study established that PROMIS PF may be utilized to evaluate the recovery of obese patients following MIS TLIF. Level of Evidence: 3
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: OUTCOMES Source Type: research
Finding the'missing'people walking around with undiagnosed type 2 diabetes, estimated at around 1 in 70 of the population, will require screening, but the question is how, say experts.Medscape News UK
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news
TYPE 1 and type 2 diabetes are two well established conditions that affect a person ’s blood sugar control. But another type of diabetes, type 1.5 diabetes, is beginning to gain traction - what is it, and are you at risk?
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Source: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Objective: To examine the association between hearing impairment and cognitive decline and to identify possible risk factors for presbycusis. Study Design: Cross-sectional survey in prospective cohort study. Setting: University hospital. Patients: A total of 322 participants aged>60 years, for whom all the below data were available, were enrolled in the study. There were 168 females and 154 males with a median age of 71 years (range: 60–89 yrs). Interventions: PROST (Project in Sado for Total Health), a medical database in Sado island Japan, was analyzed. Main Outcome Measures: Data on pure-tone a...
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS AND TINNITUS Source Type: research
In this study, the multivariate linear mixed model (LMM) was used to calculate the P-value to determine interesting SNPs at each time point using GEMMA software v0.97 (Zhou and Stephens, 2014). Growth data from both untreated and vancomycin-treated group formed the bivariate phenotype, which differs hugely from the univariate phenotype. Therefore, LMM developed for univariate phenotype cannot be applied to analyze correlated phenotype directly; methods allowing LMM algorithm specific to multivariate and correlated phenotype [multivariate LMMs (mvLMMs)] are in urgent need. GEMMA software could extend a standard LMM to mvLMM...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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