Seasonal Influenza and Avian Influenza A(H5N1) Virus Surveillance among Inpatients and Outpatients, East Jakarta, Indonesia, 2011 –2014

K. E. Lafond et al.
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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This study demonstrates the usefulness of the HPAI H5N1 HA2 E29 epitope as a DIVA antigen in HPAI H5N1 vaccinated and infected chickens.Research Highlight E29 (HA2 position 488-516) epitope is antigenic in chickenAntibodies to E29 are elicited following live H5N1 virus infection in chickenE29 epitope is a potential DIVA antigen for use in ELISA. PMID: 31738584 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Avian Pathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Avian Pathol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: We report on an assay to measure stem-specific ADCC activity using SS np probes. Our results indicate high prevalence of HA-stem antibodies with cross-reactive ADCC activity. Such assay could be utilized in the assessment of next generation influenza vaccines. PMID: 31735504 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
ss TM Abstract Highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza viruses continue to spread around the globe and reassort with low pathogenic avian influenza viruses often resulting in morbidity and mortality to not only waterfowl, but also poultry. Our group previously developed two hemagglutinin (HA) based vaccines using a methodology termed computationally optimized broadly reactive antigen (COBRA). Each of these HA antigens, Human COBRA 2 (Hu-CO) and Human-Avian COBRA 2 (Hu-Av CO) elicit antibodies with hemagglutination-inhibition (HAI) activity against viruses from various clades, but not always the same viruses. Here, we hav...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
ing Liao Peirong Jiao H5Nx viruses have continuously emerged in the world, causing poultry industry losses and posing a potential public health risk. Here, we studied the phylogeny, pathogenicity, transmission, and immune response of four H5N6 avian influenza viruses in chickens and mice, which were isolated from waterfowl between 2013 and 2014. Their HA genes belong to Clade 2.3.4.4, circulated in China since 2008. Their NA genes fall into N6-like/Eurasian sublineage. Their internal genes originated from different H5N1 viruses. The results suggested that the four H5N6 viruses were reassortants of the H5N1 and H6N6 v...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: The emergence and spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) viruses have raised global concerns of a possible human pandemic, spurring efforts towards H5N1 influenza vaccine development and improvements in vaccine administration methods. We previously showed that a prime-boost vaccination strategy induces robust and broadly cross-reactive antibody responses against the hemagglutinin globular head domain. Here, we specifically measure antibodies against the conserved hemagglutinin stem region in serum samples obtained from the prior study to determine whether stalk-reactive antibodies ...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
yn Kobasa Influenza A viruses (IAVs) are important animal and human emerging and re-emerging pathogens that are responsible for yearly seasonal epidemics and sporadic pandemics. IAVs cause a wide range of clinical illnesses, from relatively mild infections by seasonal strains, to acute respiratory distress during infections with highly pathogenic avian IAVs (HPAI). For this study, we infected A549 human lung cells with lab prototype A/PR/8/34 (H1N1) (PR8), a seasonal H1N1 (RV733), the 2009 pandemic H1N1 (pdm09), or with two avian strains, an H5N1 HPAI strain or an H7N9 strain that has low pathogenicity in birds but hig...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
M. Fusade-Boyer et al.
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
In this study, we identified four amantadine-resistant M2 mutants among avian and human influenza A H5N1 strains circulating between 2002 to 2019: the single S31N and V27A mutants, and the S31N/L26I and S31N/V27A double mutants. Herein, utilizing two-electrode voltage clamp (TEVC) assays, we screened a panel of structurally diverse M2 inhibitors against these single and double mutant channels. Three compounds 6, 7, and 15 were found to significantly block all three M2 mutants: M2-S31N, M2-S31N/L26I, and M2-S31N/V27A. Using recombinant viruses generated from reverse genetics, we further showed that these compounds also inhi...
Source: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Eur J Pharm Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Tolan HEM, El-Sayed WA, Tawfek N, Abdel-Megeid FME, Kutkat OM Abstract New 1,2,3-triazole glycosides and 1,2,4-thioglycosides incorporating a substituted pyrimidinedione ring system were synthesized via click dipolar cycloaddition and heterocyclization of hydrazine-1-carbodithioate derivatives, respectively. The sugar hydrazine derivatives linked aminodimethyluracil were also prepared. In addition, the oxadiazoline substituted with acyclic sugar moieties linked to the pyrimidinedione as acyclic nucleoside analogs were synthesized. The antiviral activity of the synthesized compounds against avian influenza ...
Source: Nucleosides, Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids - Category: Biochemistry Tags: Nucleosides Nucleotides Nucleic Acids Source Type: research
Epidemics of seasonal influenza caused by H1N1pdm09, H3N2, and type B viruses occur throughout the world. Sporadic human H5 and H7N9 virus infections are also reported in particular regions. To treat influenza patients effectively with antivirals, sensitive and broad-reactive influenza rapid diagnostic tests (IRDTs) are required. Here, we tested the sensitivity of 23 IRDTs during the 2018–2019 influenza season for their ability to detect H1N1pdm09, H3N2, H5N1, H5N6, H7N9, and Victoria- and Yamagata-lineage type B viruses. All IRDTs detected all influenza A and B viruses tested but with different sensitivities. Severa...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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