Application of functional near-infrared spectroscopy in the healthcare industry: A review

This study comprehensively reviews brain-impaired patients: The studies involving patient populations and the diseases discussed in more than 10 works are included. Eleven diseases examined in this paper include autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, epilepsy, depressive disorders, anxiety and panic disorder, schizophrenia, mild cognitive impairment, Alzheimer ’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, and traumatic brain injury. For each disease, the tasks used for examination, fNIRS variables, and significant findings on the impairment are discussed. The channel configurations and the regions of interest are also outlined. Detecting the occurrence of symptoms at an earlier stage is vital for better rehabilitation and faster recovery. This paper illustrates the usability of fNIRS for early detection of impairment and the usefulness in monitoring the rehabilitation process. Finally, the limitations of the current fNIRS systems (i.e., nonexistence of a standard method and the lack of well-established features for classification) and future research directions are discussed. The authors hope that the findings in this paper would lead to advanced breakthrough discoveries in the fNIRS field in the future.
Source: Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research

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Authors: Weng G, Tian P, Yan X, Cheng Q Abstract The present study aimed to determine the clinical significance of heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) in patients with sepsis-induced cardiac dysfunction. A total of 30 healthy subjects served as the control group and 80 patients with sepsis were recruited for the present single-center prospective observational study for the final analysis. Among these patients, 50 developed cardiac dysfunction, while no cardiac dysfunction was detected in the remaining 30 patients. Echocardiography was performed on days 1, 3, 7 and 10 of hospitalization. Routine blood bio...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Sabbath observant Jews reported statistically significant less adverse reactions while abstaining from EMDs on the Sabbath compared to on a weekday. PMID: 32954702 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Israel Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Isr Med Assoc J Source Type: research
Authors: Shklovsky-Kordi A, Gelernter R, Berkovitch M, Dagan Z, Kozer E Abstract BACKGROUND: Acetaminophen is the most common drug involved in pediatric poisonings, both intentionally and accidentally, and is the leading cause of acute liver failure among all age groups. OBJECTIVES: To define the characteristics of patients admitted to a pediatric emergency department (ED) where serum acetaminophen concentrations were measured, and to determine which variables are associated with significant risk of acetaminophen toxicity. METHODS: Acetaminophen serum concentrations were measured, in a retrospective case se...
Source: The Israel Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Isr Med Assoc J Source Type: research
Authors: de Benito Sanz M, Martínez de la Torre S, Salvador de Las Heras MªA, Calleja Carbajosa R, Sesma Fernández PV, Pérez Sierra L, García-Alonso FJ, Pérez-Miranda Castillo M Abstract BACKGROUND: current clinical practice guidelines recommend the use of objective scales as a criterion for post-endoscopy sedation discharge. OBJECTIVE: to assess the recovery time, complications and patient satisfaction level using the mPADSS scale. MATERIAL AND METHODS: demographic data and medical history were collected. Vital signs, anxiety and abdominal pain were measured pre-endo...
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
ConclusionDiscontinuing ASA after short-term use for the treatment of patients with T2DM following PCI was not associated with any increased cardiovascular outcomes. Also, discontinuing ASA after short-term use and continuing the use of a P2Y12 inhibitor were somewhat safer in these patients with T2DM. Further research should follow.
Source: Diabetes Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsGLP-1RAs and SGLT2is lead to similar benefits on MACE, CVD, MI, and ACD in adults with type  2 diabetes. The benefit from SGLT2is on HHF is greater than that from GLP-1RAs, while GLP-1RAs vs. placebo significantly reduce stroke whereas SGLT2is do not. The two drug classes reduce cardiovascular events independent of reductions of systolic blood pressure and body weight.
Source: Diabetes Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The current evidence demonstrates that mind-body exercise is relatively safe and modestly effective for symptom management in cancer survivors. Furthermore, randomized trials with larger sample sizes and of higher methodological quality are needed to confirm these results. PMID: 32952591 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
In this message for National Suicide Prevention Month, Dr. Gordon describes NIMH ’ s efforts to address the rising rates of suicide in the U.S. among Black youth.
Source: NIMH Directors Blog - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: blogs
In this message for National Suicide Prevention Month, Dr. Gordon describes NIMH ’ s efforts to address the rising rates of suicide in the U.S. among Black youth.
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: news
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis paper reviews recent evidence concerning the epidemiology, evaluation, and treatment of post-stroke dysphagia.Recent FindingsThe large variability in dysphagia severity and outcomes after stroke warrant a comprehensive evaluation and treatment approach. Screening, bedside evaluation, and instrumental assessments should be systematically and consistently used based on clinical presentation and available resources. In addition to traditional methods of diet modification and implementation of strategies and exercises, the use of novel treatments such as biofeedback and noninvasive brain stimulati...
Source: Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
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