Application of functional near-infrared spectroscopy in the healthcare industry: A review

This study comprehensively reviews brain-impaired patients: The studies involving patient populations and the diseases discussed in more than 10 works are included. Eleven diseases examined in this paper include autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, epilepsy, depressive disorders, anxiety and panic disorder, schizophrenia, mild cognitive impairment, Alzheimer ’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, and traumatic brain injury. For each disease, the tasks used for examination, fNIRS variables, and significant findings on the impairment are discussed. The channel configurations and the regions of interest are also outlined. Detecting the occurrence of symptoms at an earlier stage is vital for better rehabilitation and faster recovery. This paper illustrates the usability of fNIRS for early detection of impairment and the usefulness in monitoring the rehabilitation process. Finally, the limitations of the current fNIRS systems (i.e., nonexistence of a standard method and the lack of well-established features for classification) and future research directions are discussed. The authors hope that the findings in this paper would lead to advanced breakthrough discoveries in the fNIRS field in the future.
Source: Journal of Innovative Optical Health Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research

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Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Publication date: January 2020Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, Volume 83Author(s): Elisa Brietzke, Linda Booij, Andrea Wieck, Alessandro Ricci, Claudio N. Soares, Nasreen Roberts, Sarosh Khalid-Khan
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our results may demonstrate that while externalization symptoms were associated with hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms of ADHD, the internalization symptoms were significantly related to SCT in youngs with ADHD. Specifically, although social withdrawal was significantly related to ADHD-inattention, this relationship was mediated by the severity of SCT. PMID: 31809238 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions: These findings suggest that among MDD patients, early experiences of emotional and physical abuse and neglect is associated with difficulties in describing feelings in adulthood. PMID: 31808358 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Many patients with cognitive impairment have anxiety or depression, but standard treatments are difficult for people with memory issues.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: your-feed-science Mental Health and Disorders Depression (Mental) Alzheimer ' s Disease Memory Dementia Psychology and Psychologists Elderly Weill Cornell Medicine your-feed-healthcare Source Type: news
Publication date: 7 December 2019Source: New Scientist, Volume 244, Issue 3259Author(s): Clare Wilson
Source: New Scientist - Category: Science Source Type: research
This study examined the moderating role of loss aversion (LA) on the relationship between impulsivity, nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), suicidal attempts, and ideations among Eating Disorder (ED) patients. Methods: Data was collect...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news
This study aimed to examine the association between family functioning and suicide among the elderly in rural China. This 1:1 paired case-control psychological autopsy study included 242 suicides at age 60 or more and an equal number of controls matched on...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news
An extensive body of research documents marital status differences in health among older adults. However, few studies have investigated the heterogeneity in depressive symptomatology among older married adults living in developing countries. Our study inve...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Mental health issues among farmers are identified population health concerns. While one systematic review focused on suicide in farming populations in the United States, there have been no scoping studies examining mental health in farming comm...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news
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