Assessing the Benefits and Costs of Homeland Security Research: A Risk ‐Informed Methodology with Applications for the U.S. Coast Guard

This article describes a methodology for risk ‐informed benefit–cost analyses of homeland security research products. The methodology is field‐tested with 10 research products developed for the U.S. Coast Guard. Risk‐informed benefit–cost analysis is a tool for risk management that integrates elements of risk analysis, decision analys is, and benefit–cost analysis. The cost analysis methodology includes a full‐cost accounting of research projects, starting with initial fundamental research costs and extending to the costs of implementation of the research products and, where applicable, training, maintenance, and upgrade cost s. The benefits analysis methodology is driven by changes in costs and risks leading to five alternative models: cost savings at the same level of security, increased security at the same cost, signal detection improvements, risk reduction by deterrence, and value of information. The U.S. Coast Guar d staff selected 10 research projects to test and generalize the methodology. Examples include tools to improve the detection of explosives, reduce the costs of harbor patrols, and provide better predictions of hurricane wind speeds and floods. Benefits models and estimates varied by research projec t and many input parameters of the benefit estimates were highly uncertain, so risk analysis for sensitivity testing and simulation was important. Aggregating across the 10 research products, we found an overall median net present value o...
Source: Risk Analysis - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

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