Contraception must not be ignored in climate change debates

Population growth fuelling environmental crisis – but nearly half of pregnancies globally are unintended Related items fromOnMedica HPV programme linked to dramatic fall in cervical disease Most CCGs missing smoking target for pregnant women Should we have compulsory measles vaccination at school entry? Should we recognise obesity as a disease? Tool helps GPs predict risk of epilepsy seizures in pregnancy
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 8 November 2019Source: Food Research InternationalAuthor(s): Tao Wu, Yufang Gao, Junyu Hao, Jieting Geng, Jiaojiao Zhang, Jinjin Yin, Rui Liu, Wenjie Sui, Lingxiao Gong, Min ZhangAbstractThe present study investigated the anti-obesity effects and its mechanism of capsanthin (CAP) in high-fat diet-induced obese C57BL/6J mice. Compared with untreated mice on a high-fat diet for 12 weeks, CAP at 200 mg kg-1 reduced the body weight by 27.5%, significantly reversed glucose tolerance, effectively decreased the serum triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and trim...
Source: Food Research International - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2019Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Linlin Li, Yun Zhang, Jiawen Dong, Junqing Zhang, Chunhong Zhang, Minhua Sun, Yongchang CaoAbstractDuck Tembusu virus (DTMUV) is a major pathogen of duck industry in China. In the current study, we generated different constructs containing envelope (E) protein, pre-membrane-envelope (prM-E) protein, and C-terminally truncated E protein of the DTMUV. The constructed proteins could induce specific antibody responses in young ducks. When ducklings were immunized with the constructed proteins, they were 100% protected against DTMUV inf...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 November 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Vaishali Kasture, Anvita Kale, Karuna Randhir, Deepali Sundrani, Sadhana JoshiAbstractAimDisturbed placentation results in pregnancy complications like preeclampsia. Placental development is influenced by apoptosis during trophoblast differentiation and proliferation. Increased oxidative stress upregulates placental apoptosis. We have earlier reported increased oxidative stress, lower omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E levels in women with preeclampsia. Current study examines effect of maternal omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E supplementatio...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2019Source: PeptidesAuthor(s): Nigel Irwin, Victor A. Gault, Finbarr P.M. O’Harte, Peter R. FlattAbstractGastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) is a 42 amino acid hormone secreted from intestinal K-cells in response to nutrient ingestion. Despite a recognised physiological role for GIP as an insulin secretagogue to control postprandial blood glucose levels, growing evidence reveals important actions of GIP on adipocytes and promotion of fat deposition in tissues. As such, blockade of GIP receptor (GIPR) action has been proposed as a means to counter insulin resistance, and...
Source: Peptides - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Authors: Pierucci P, Di Lecce V, Marra L, Resta O PMID: 31709854 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: During 1983-2015, the proportion of twins born in Victoria by caesarean delivery increased almost threefold, mostly because caesarean delivery has become the preferred mode of birth for twin pregnancies. Regional differences in the delivery of twins suggest that the number of caesarean deliveries can be reduced with appropriate system and training support. PMID: 31713879 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
This article collects research of the last two decades regarding the influence of stress on the developing brain. Both, animal and human studies will shed light on the effect of pre- and postnatal stress demonstrating an influence of early life stressors reaching far into adulthood. A direct influence of stress on multiple developmental characteristics has been postulated and shown. The results of this review will underline the necessity of early life programs focusing stress reduction and resilience in children and their parents. Also, a need for programs targeting stress reduction in pregnancy will be demonstrated and em...
Source: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie - Category: Child Development Tags: Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 November 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Michelle I. Silver, Sarah KobrinAbstractThe human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is a powerful tool in cancer prevention. In combination with cervical cancer screening programs, this vaccine has the potential to nearly eliminate death from cervical cancer. However, this remarkable public health success can only be realized if vaccines reach those most at risk—unscreened women. Vaccinating only those already well-screened would have little impact on cervical cancer mortality, exacerbate disparities, and be a striking public health f...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Adolescents in Panama face multiple challenges to their sexual health, rights and well-being such as high rates of teenage pregnancy ( ∼30% of all pregnancies), increased HIV infections and sexual violence. In the absence of sufficient evidence-based data...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Conditions:   Flu, Human;   Influenza, Human Intervention:   Behavioral: Video about safety and effectiveness of adult seasonal flu vaccination Sponsors:   Harvard University;   Stanford University;   Massachusetts Institute of Technology Enrolling by invitation
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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