Use of short-acting and long-acting hypnotics and the risk of fracture: a critical analysis of associations in a nationwide cohort

ConclusionThe use of short-acting and long-acting hypnotics is associated with an increased risk of fracture. This risk was highest before initiation of treatment and remained after end of therapy. The results suggest that the increased risk during treatment is influenced by other factors such as underlying disease.
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

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(Natural News) When it comes to healthy bones, people often look to calcium and vitamin D. However, experts suggest adding an unlikely vitamin to the mix: vitamin C. In a recent study published in Osteoporosis International, a team of researchers from Tufts University, Harvard Medical School and the Boston University School of Public Health revealed that taking vitamin C can potentially reduce...
Source: - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
AbstractSummaryLumbar spine volumetric bone mineral density (BMD) measured using quantitative computed tomography (QCT) can discriminate between postmenopausal women with low areal BMD with and without vertebral fractures. QCT provides a 3D measure of BMD, excludes the vertebral posterior elements and accounts for bone size. This knowledge could contribute to effective treatment targeting of patients with low BMD.IntroductionWe evaluated the ability of lumbar spine bone mineral apparent density (BMAD), trabecular bone score (TBS) and volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) to discriminate between postmenopausal women with l...
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
This study showed that both drugs significantly improved lumbar spine and total hip bone mineral density in Asian men with prostate cancer who received ADT.IntroductionTo evaluate whether monthly oral minodronate or semiannual subcutaneous injection of denosumab improves bone mineral density (BMD) in Asian men with prostate cancer (PCa) receiving ADT.MethodsA multicenter, open-label, randomized, controlled study including patients with hormone-sensitive PCa without bone metastasis receiving ADT was performed. Patients were randomized (1:1:1) to minodronate, denosumab, or no agent control groups. The primary end point was t...
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
The objective of the present study was to systematically review the current literature to ascertain the efficacy of interventions to improve OP care and characterize interventions taking into account elements related to their potential cost and feasibility. Studies published from 2003 to 2018 were retrieved from PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Direct, Web of Science, Cochrane, and Wiley Online Library databases. Screening of references and quality assessment were independently performed by two reviewers. We classified interventions into three types according to the target of the intervention: health system (structural intervention...
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
This study provides a new understanding of the mechanism of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis.
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
This study found a significant reduction in pain after SC calcitonin injection therapy at 14 and 30 days' assessment. No patients in the study group required rescue analgesia after 18 hrs. There was a statistically significant difference in rescue analgesics required between the groups during two days hospitalization. Global health as well as physical and social wellbeing was better at 30 and 90 days in the study group as compared to control group, however it could not reach a statistical significance which may be attributed to the small sample size of the study.
Source: Indian Journal of Palliative Care - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Source Type: research
Undergoing earlier menopause is a sign of a greater burden of age-related damage and dysfunction, so it should not be surprising to see that this correlates with a greater incidence of chronic disease in the years thereafter. People with a greater burden of cell and tissue damage tend to exhibit all of the manifestations of aging earlier than their less damaged peers. These variations in damage burden and consequences from individual to individual are near all the results of lifestyle choices, particularly smoking, weight, and exercise, and environmental factors such as exposure to chronic viral infection. Genetics plays o...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
Patients at risk for osteoporotic fractures can be identified through their...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AI accurately detects vertebral fractures on CT AAOS: QCT finds low bone density in lumbar fusion patients 3D DEXA enhances hip fracture risk prediction USPSTF reaffirms osteoporosis screening Vertebral CAD aces detection of compression fractures
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
AbstractPurpose of ReviewRobert ( “Bob”) Genco was a member of the research team that established the Buffalo Osteoporosis and Periodontal Disease (OsteoPerio) study. Here we detail the scientific discoveries emanating from this enduring collaboration.Recent FindingsOsteoPerio is ancillary to the Women ’s Health Initiative Observational Study (WHI-OS). WHI-OS is a longitudinal study of 93,676 postmenopausal women aged 50–79 enrolled at 40 US centers (enrolled in 1993–1998). OsteoPerio enrolled 1342 women 3 years later (1997–2001) from the Buffalo WHI-OS participants to study the ass...
Source: Current Oral Health Reports - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
AbstractHereditary hemochromatosis (HHC) is characterized by excessive intestinal iron absorption resulting in a pathological increase of iron levels. Parenchyma damage may be a consequence of iron deposition in affected organs (e.g., liver, pancreas, gonads) as well as bones and joints, leading to osteoporosis with increased fracture risk and arthropathy. Up to date, it is not known whether HHC can also be considered as a risk factor for osteonecrosis. Likewise, the underlying skeletal changes are unknown regarding, e.g., microstructural properties of bone. We aimed to study the spectrum of skeletal complications in HHC a...
Source: Calcified Tissue International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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