Smart Phone APP to Restore Optimal Weight (SPAROW): protocol for a randomised controlled trial for women with recent gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes (GDM) is a known risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and women with a history of GDM have a 7-fold increased risk of developing the disease. Achieving a healthy weight post-de...
Source: BMC Public Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research

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Authors: Janssen LGM, van Dam AD, Hanssen MJW, Kooijman S, Nahon KJ, Reinders H, Jazet IM, van Marken Lichtenbelt WD, Rensen PCN, Appelman-Dijkstra NM, Boon MR Abstract BACKGROUND: South Asians generally have an unfavourable metabolic phenotype compared with white Caucasians, including central obesity and insulin resistance. The Wnt protein family interacts with insulin signaling, and impaired Wnt signaling is associated with adiposity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. We aimed to investigate Wnt signaling in relation to insulin signaling in South Asians compared with white Caucasians. METHODS: Ten Dutch South Asia...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
Authors: Kim YG, Park DG, Moon SY, Jeon JY, Kim HJ, Kim DJ, Lee KW, Han SJ Abstract BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with an increased risk for dementia. The effects of hypoglycemia on dementia are controversial. Thus, we evaluated whether hypoglycemia increases the risk for dementia in senior patients with T2DM. METHODS: We used the Korean National Health Insurance Service Senior cohort, which includes>10% of the entire senior population of South Korea. In total, 5,966 patients who had ever experienced at least one episode of hypoglycemia were matched with those who had not, using p...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that changes in physicians' behaviors, as a result of perceiving CV risks, improve QoL in some domains of life in DM patients. Physicians should recognize the importance of understanding CV risks and implement appropriate management. PMID: 31701689 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Continuity of care for diabetes significantly reduced health complications and medical costs from patients with T2DM. PMID: 31701688 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: GLA treatment in patients with painful DPN was noninferior to ALA in terms of reducing pain intensity measured by the VAS over 12 weeks. PMID: 31701699 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
Authors: Bae JH, Choi HJ, Cho KIK, Kim LK, Kwon JS, Cho YM Abstract BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist on functional brain activation in lean and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in response to visual food cues. METHODS: In a randomized, single-blinded, crossover study, 15 lean and 14 obese individuals with T2DM were administered lixisenatide or normal saline subcutaneously with a 1-week washout period. We evaluated brain activation in response to pictures of high-calorie food, low-calorie food, and nonfood using functional magnetic resonan...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewIndividuals with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T1DM, T2DM) have an increased risk of bone fracture compared to non-diabetic controls that is not explained by differences in BMD, BMI, or falls. Thus, bone tissue fracture resistance may be reduced in individuals with DM. The purpose of this review is to summarize work that analyzes the effects of T1DM and T2DM on bone tissue compositional and mechanical properties.Recent FindingsStudies of clinical T2DM specimens revealed increased mineralization and advanced glycation endproduct (AGE) concentrations and significant relationships between mecha...
Source: Current Osteoporosis Reports - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, linagliptin produced sustained reductions in HbA1c and had a safety profile consistent with the established safety profile of linagliptin.Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01650259).
Source: Diabetes Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionDiabetes-induced significant decline in orexin B levels in the plasma along with a decrease in the expression of sirtuin 1 and HIF-1α in the heart following ischemia-reperfusion injury may possibly contribute in exacerbating the myocardial injury and vascular dysfunction.
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang Z, Wang J, Zhu Y, Zhang H, Wang H Abstract The aim of the present study was to evaluate the protective effect and mechanism of Astragaloside IV (ASIV) on myocardial injury induced by type 2 diabetes, with a focus on energy metabolism. Blood glucose, the hemodynamic index, left ventricular weight/heart weight (LVW/HW), the left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), the left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) and cell survival rate were measured in streptozotocin‑induced diabetes model rats. Western blot analysis, PCR, hematoxylin‑eosin and TUNEL staining, flow cytometry...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
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