Data-Driven Machine-Learning Quantifies Differences in the Voiding Initiation Network in Neurogenic Voiding Dysfunction in Women With Multiple Sclerosis.
CONCLUSION: Voiders and VD patients showed distinctly different FC in their Voiding Initiation Network. Machine-learning is able to identify brain centers contributing to these observed differences. Knowledge of these centers and their connectivity may allow phenotyping patients to centrally focused treatments such as cortical modulation. PMID: 31607098 [PubMed]
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a well-established medical invention in modern medical technology diagnosis. It is a nondestructive, versatile, and sensitive technique with a high spatial resolution for medical diagnosis. However, MRI has some limitations in differentiating certain tissues, particularly tiny blood vessels, pathological to healthy tissues, specific tumors, and inflammatory conditions such as arthritis, atherosclerosis, and multiple sclerosis. The contrast agent (CA) assisted imaging is the best possible solution to resolve the limitations of MRI.
ConclusionLETM is rare in adult MS myelitis and its presence should prompt evaluation for AQP4-IgG, MOG-IgG or other etiologies. Careful scrutiny of axial images is important as coalescence of multiple short lesions may lead to the artifactual appearance of an LETM.
ConclusionsOur results suggest that olfactory identification impairment occurs in association with cognitive dysfunction and central brain atrophy. Thus, olfactory identification is a possible disease marker of RRMS as with cognitive impairment, especially PS, reflecting the diffuse neurodegeneration in RRMS.
Conclusions: Cranial nerve enhancement, present in 8.2% of our patients, was associated with a younger age at MS onset, brainstem lesions, and a more severe disease course.
ConclusionCase reports on paraneoplastic syndrome associated with cancer increases the knowledge on this topic, especially on rare presentations. Our findings further support that early diagnosis of various paraneoplastic symptoms is critical for patient´s treatment and prognosis.
We report an atypical case of MOG-ab-associated encephalomyelitis with part of the clinical manifestations resembling limbic encephalitis. Multifocal, hyperintense, bilateral lesions predominantly affecting the white matter on brain magnetic resonance imaging and marked response to steroid therapy were compatible with a MOG-ab-associated disease. This case illustrates that MOG-ab-associated disease should be considered in encephalomyelitis involving the bilateral limbic system.
Conclusion: TBSS of diffusion metrics at initial diagnosis and at 2-year follow-up showed microstructural WM pathology and associations between FA reduction and future disability, respectively. Combined longitudinal changes in FA and RD occurred in specific structures, where RD increases likely reflected progressing axonal degeneration. The distinct temporal dynamics of FA and RD, implying constancy during the first year, supports early therapeutic intervention for CIS and RRMS.
The pathways of circulation and clearance of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the spine have yet to be elucidated. We have recently shown with dynamic in vivo imaging that routes of outflow of CSF in mice occur along cranial nerves to extracranial lymphatic vessels. Here, we use near-infrared and magnetic resonance imaging to demonstrate the flow of CSF tracers within the spinal column and reveal the major spinal pathways for outflow to lymphatic vessels in mice. We found that after intraventricular injection, a spread of CSF tracers occurs within both the central canal and the spinal subarachnoid space toward the caudal end o...
ConclusionFindings are consistent with a low rate of RTX interruptions, with pregnancy and adverse events as most frequent reasons. A small proportion of patients switched due to breakthrough disease in context of incomplete B-lymphocyte depletion. Signs of ongoing disease activity in the remaining group was low regardless of whether a new DMT was started. These findings are consistent with a long acting effect of RTX in RRMS and absence of rebound disease activity phenomena upon stopping therapy.
Conclusion: The ICD-9 code for neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is inaccurate for identification of NMO/NMOSD. Using case-finding algorithms increases the PPV. The initial diagnostic evaluation and treatment of NMOSD differs significantly between children and adults.